Welfare state Essay

Welfare state A system that allows a country's government to provide tax - paying social services such as healthcare, unemployment benefits, etc. to people who need them (Cambridge dictionary) First of all, Marxism is idea of dispute and a macro approach. It centres on persons construction and foundation. Karl Marx assumed the economy was very vital and influenced society consequently. Sociological perspectives of the role of the welfare state in society The Marxists named the structure we´re living as a capitalism then splits everybody in 2 simple classes: superiors and labourers. Marx identified the superiors as the ruling class as they’re in charge of the community and called the lower class the labourers. The social class profits out of how the public function in all area, whereas the labourers receive extremely lower compared with their worth. Louis Althusser, nevertheless, stated that ideology forms a section of the society-individual link. The worth and standards which justify the capitalism scheme is ideology. He says",” an ideology is a scheme of representations endowed within a specified society with a historical actuality and role.” This imply that the society behave knowingly, nonetheless ideology, however ideology is senseless itself. It sink with the Marx opinion on ideology effect. Moreover, Marxism has been accused of ignoring the “freedom of choice of the individuals. People elect what to do and consider, they’re not “brainwashed” ideologically. Marxism can also offer a picture of the society that is over-socialized regarding this idea. In general, Marxism was condemned for alleging that all cultural activities are tailored to class or economic interests. The fact that culture can reflect religious, patriarchal, nationalistic and ethnic interests is therefore neglected by Marxists. In addition, its notion of ideology and the assertion that the ruling ideas are the ideas of the ruling class inform the Marxist approach to socialization. Marxists believe that our external influences make us socialized. They argue that socialization is an ideological process where its main objective is to convey the idea of the ruling class that capitalist society is meritocratic, which means ' you can get on if you work hard enough. ' Feminism, is a second major concept of conflict, on the other hand, similar to Marxism in its views on exploitation and domination, but unlike Marxism, which is the exploitation of the proletariat by the bourgeoisie, Feminism focuses on men's dominance of women and it’s a conflict between genders, not class. It's a macro approach like Marxism. Feminists argue that gender is an important status difference and the source of inequality and conflict that exists. They suggest that the UK is a patriarchal society (men generally have more power, prestige, and economic power than women.). In 2006, full - time working women earned approximately 17 percent less than men who walked full - time and were more likely to be in poverty. Moreover, it was still expected that women would be primarily responsible for the maintenance of the home and childcare. In the meantime, feminists also consider that sexual discrimination remains a problem today, and Natasha Walter makes the argument that women really need to achieve financial, educational, domestic and legal equality with men in' The New Feminism.' Liberal feminists are somewhat optimistic because they believe this will happen eventually. They actually believe that the role of women has been steadily improved because more girls do very well in education and much more women have successful careers. Though, alternative feminists are not as optimistic as Liberal feminists. Marxist-feminists, for instance, contend that patriarchy suits both the capitalist system and men, because women are unpaid domestic workers, who serve the male labour force, make them fit and healthy for work, and who create and rear the future labour force. True equality can occur only when capitalism's system is destroyed. The radical feminists, on the other hand, think that women's patriarchal discrimination and enslavement is constructed by every particular aspect of how society is structured. The family is specifically identified as the social institution that is rooted in patriarchy. Radical feminists also think that, through gender-role socialisation, women are socialised to see motherhood as their primary purpose in life. Coincidentally, my preferred point of view is feminism because, for instance, there are many different contrasting views on feminism: liberal, radical, black, and Marxist (socialist), all reflect different views on feminism. In the logical sense how you can analyse, compare and contrast their various approaches to feminism, it is interesting. Conclusion The perception of Marxism and Feminism has got various opinions and perspective on general public. Lastly, Marxism and Feminism are equally a conflict view; though, unlike Marxism that is within diverse classes feminism is gender conflict.

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