topics list: crusades paperIn some of the subjects and themes below, the approach must always compare from both edges associated with the crusading conflict, i.e., there should always be an effort to incorporate views and primary texts towards issue through the European Christian part and also the Saracen Muslim part. Reminder:Not allowed is a comparative research especially on Richard the LionHeart vs. Saladin or any inclusion of present dilemmas at the center East today.
  1. Motivations of the Crusaders and Saracens;
  2. Causes of Crusades and motivations of Europeans in initiating the conflict and/or motivations associated with typical people, including Saracen perceptions, motivations, and reactions;
  3. Inspiration the leaders (e.g.: spiritual zeal, religion serving a governmental function, etc.);
  4. Military or political methods and techniques;
  5. Treatments of enemies and prisoners;
  6. Tendencies toward religious tolerance or intolerance among Crusaders and Saracens (whenever, in which and exactly why);
  7. ladies and gender dilemmas inside Crusades, including:
    1. status and roles of females (on both or either side) during the Crusades;
    2. tasks of women and perceptions/reactions on both edges (females as warriors, servitors, whores, wives, etc. including Saracen perceptions, responses, etc.);
    3. feminine leadership, e.g., the functions, function and status of this queens of Jerusalem (or princesses associated with royal home of Jerusalem), Byzantine princesses, &/or Saracen leadership (age.g., Shajaret el-Durr, the Sultana of Egypt);
  8. Leadership and unity dilemmas among Crusaders and Saracens (age.g., just what united anyone part before vs. what divided it later on and what impact this had on the successes);
  9. Religious perceptions of jihad (holy war), such as the notion of Crusade as Christian jihad, «holy war»;
  10. Comparison and contrast of very first and 2nd Crusades (including initial Christian successes and Saracen failures adopted later by Christian problems and Saracen successes);
  11. Unity of function and success vs. failure (on both sides);
  12. Effects of spiritual thinking (if any) on warfare practices;
  13. Muslim and Christian views and remedies of each and every other;
  14. St. Francis of Assisi and their individual objective of peace in the Fifth Crusade;
  15. Christian fighting sales in eastern and western perceptions (including: Knights Templar, Knights Hospitaller, Teutonic Knights, etc.);
  16. Comparison and comparison: the Knights Templar vs. the Assassins sect (Hashishin);
  17. interior disputes among Crusaders and Saracen perceptions and reactions:
    1. disputes among ambitious Christian leaders;
    2. conflict involving the more flexible poleins (2nd-generation Crusaders created in the centre East) vs. zealous European newcomers;
  18. Specific battles, promotions, sieges, etc. from both perspectives;
  19. Changing sides: the Crusades as grey areas, by which Europeans might side with or accommodate or sympathize with Saracens against other Europeans and/or Saracens might side with or accommodate or sympathize with Europeans against other Saracens, and what this implies about any absolute «us vs. them» mentality;
  20. Turning points and watershed occasions within the Crusades (age.g., Edessa, Damascus, Hattin, etc.);
  21. Perceptions of Jews by both Europeans and Saracens into the era associated with Crusades;
  22. Perceptions of native Middle Eastern Christians by Europeans and Saracens;
  23. Perceptions of leaders by both sides, e.g… European/Saracen views of any or even more regarding the after: Zangi, Nur el-Din, Saladin, Richard we (the Lionheart), the kings of Jerusalem, Baldwin and Balian of Ibelin (brothers), Raymond of Antioch, Reginald of Kerak, etc.

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