Final updated on: 1/4/2018 10:31:51 AM PST
1. Physician Perspectives on Marijuana's Medical Use
«There is now guaranteeing research in to the use of marijuana which could affect tens of thousands of young ones and adults, including treatment for cancer, epilepsy and Alzheimer's, to mention a couple of. For pain alone, marijuana could reduce the interest in narcotics and simultaneously reduce steadily the quantity of accidental painkiller overdoses, that are the greatest reason behind preventable death within country… Marijuana is a medicine, which should be studied and addressed like most other medicine.»

Sanjay Gupta, MD
Medical Correspondent for CNN
«It's Time for a Medical Marijuana Revolution,» cnn.com
Apr. 20, 2016


"[T]here is really no such thing as medical marijuana… The perils and risks of marijuana use are well-known by the systematic community, whether or not they have been downplayed by business passions wanting to get rich off of legalization. Apathy, lost efficiency, addictive condition, deterioration in intellectual function, motor vehicle accidents, and psychosis are all on the list of negative results. All from a product which has no demonstrated benefit. For nearly all conditions that cannabis has purported advantages, we have current medications — safe medicines — demonstrated to have value."

Stuart Gitlow, MD, MPH, MBA
Former President associated with ASAM Board of Directors
Testimony on Senate Committee on the Judiciary
July 13, 2016


2. Health businesses' Opinions on Healthcare Marijuana
«ACP urges summary of marijuana's status as a schedule I controlled substance and its reclassification into an even more appropriate routine, provided the clinical evidence regarding marijuana's security and effectiveness in some medical conditions...

ACP highly supports exemption from federal criminal prosecution; civil liability; or expert sanctioning, particularly losing licensure or credentialing, for doctors whom prescribe or dispense medical marijuana in accordance with state legislation. Likewise, ACP strongly urges protection from unlawful or civil charges for clients who utilize medical cannabis as allowed under state laws.»

United states College of Physicians
«Supporting analysis into the healing part of Marijuana,» acponline.org
Confirmed as present place on Aug. 18, 2016


«The United states Academy of Ophthalmology — the planet's biggest association of eye physicians and surgeons — is reminding the public so it does not recommend cannabis or other cannabis services and products the treatment of glaucoma. According to analysis by the National Eye Institute as well as the Institute of Medicine, the Academy finds no scientific evidence that cannabis is an efficient long-lasting treatment plan for glaucoma, particularly when set alongside the wide selection of prescription medication and surgery available. Ophthalmologists also caution that cannabis has side-effects that could further endanger an individual's eye health.»

American Academy of Ophthalmology
«American Academy of Ophthalmology Reiterates Position that Marijuana is Not Proven Treatment for Glaucoma,» aao.org
June 27, 2014


3. US Government Officials' Views on healthcare Marijuana
«i am on record saying that not just do i do believe very carefully prescribed medical utilization of cannabis may actually be appropriate so we should proceed with the technology in place of ideology on this issue, but i am also on record as saying that the greater we treat many of these dilemmas pertaining to drug use from a public wellness model and not simply from an incarceration model, the greater off we're going to be.»

Barack Obama, JD
44th President of the United States
WEED 3: The Marijuana Revolution, CNN
Apr 20, 2015


"[T]here is sound proof that smoked marijuana is harmful. a previous evaluation by a number of Department of health insurance and Human Services (HHS) agencies, like the Food and Drug Administration (Food And Drug Administration), Substance Abuse and psychological state Services Administration (SAMHSA) and National Institute for substance abuse (NIDA), figured no sound scientific tests supported the security or effectiveness of marijuana for basic medical usage. You can find alternative FDA-approved medications in existence for remedy for most of the proposed uses of smoked marijuana...

Accordingly, Food And Drug Administration, since the Federal agency in charge of reviewing the safety and effectiveness of medications, DEA whilst the Federal agency charged with enforcing the CSA, additionally the workplace of National Drug Control Policy, while the federal coordinator of medication control policy, cannot support the use of smoked marijuana for medical purposes."

US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
«Inter-Agency Advisory Regarding Claims That Smoked Marijuana is Medicine,» fda.gov
Apr. 20, 2006


4. Health problems of Smoked Marijuana
"[T]here is very little evidence that smoking marijuana as a method of using it represents a substantial wellness risk.

Although cannabis is smoked widely in Western nations for over four years, there were no reported situations of lung cancer tumors or emphysema related to cannabis.

I suspect that on a daily basis's breathing in any city with bad quality of air poses more of a danger than inhaling daily's dosage — which for several afflictions is just some of a joint — of marijuana."

Lester Grinspoon, MD
Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry
Harvard Medical School
«Puffing is the greatest medication,»
Los Angeles Times
May 5, 2006


«Marijuana smoke, like tobacco smoke, is an irritant towards throat and lung area and can cause huge cough during use. It contains toxic gases and particles that may harm the lung area. Marijuana smoking cigarettes is related to large airway infection, increased airway resistance, and lung hyperinflation, and regular marijuana cigarette smokers report more symptoms of chronic bronchitis than nonsmokers. Smoking cannabis might also lessen the breathing's immune response, increasing the likelihood of an individual acquiring respiratory infections, including pneumonia. One study discovered that regular cannabis smokers used more ill days that other folks frequently because of breathing diseases.»

National Institute on drug use (NIDA)
«What Are Marijuana's Results on General bodily wellness?»
drugabuse.gov
Mar. 2016


5. More Physician Perspectives on Medical Marijuana
«A time does not pass in which I do not see a cancer tumors patient who's got sickness, vomiting, losing appetite, discomfort, depression and sleeplessness. [Marijuana] is the only anti-nausea medication that increases appetite. I really could write six different prescriptions, that may interact with both and/or chemotherapy your client is prescribed. Or I could simply recommend attempting one medication.»

Donald Abrams, MD
Professor of Clinical Medicine within University of Ca, San Francisco
«Marijuana Is a Wonder Drug with regards to the Horrors of Chemo,» newsweek.com
July 22, 2015


«Although I understand many believe cannabis is the most effective drug in fighting their medical problems, I would caution from this presumption due to the insufficient constant, repeatable scientific data open to show marijuana's medical benefits.

Based on current evidence, i really believe that marijuana is a dangerous medication and that there are less hazardous medications offering the same respite from pain as well as other medical signs.»

Bill Frist, MD
Former United States Senator (R-TN)
Correspondence to ProCon.org
Oct. 20, 2003


6. Marijuana and Pain
"[R]esearch further papers the safety and efficacy of medicinal cannabis for chronic discomfort. Cannabis doesn't have known deadly dose, minimal medication interactions, is easily dosed via orally ingestion, vaporization, or topical consumption, thus avoiding the possible risks associated with smoking cigarettes completely...

Natural cannabis contains 5-15% THC but also includes multiple other therapeutic cannabinoids, all involved in concert to produce analgesia..."

Gregory T. Carter, MD
Co-director, MDA/ALS Center,
University of Washington Medical Center
«The Argument for healthcare Marijuana for the remedy for Chronic Pain,» Pain Medicine
May 2013


«There is not any systematic evidence that the aftereffect of marijuana in diminishing pain is related to any especially identified analgesic effect. So it unequivocally does create short-term CNS [central nervous system] euphoria, which alleviates some pain centrally, most useful explains its system for both reducing pain short-term during the period of influence plus resulting in the euphoria related to addicting drugs of punishment. Furthermore, there is no clinical proof that long-lasting utilization of medicinal cannabis is either effective or safe the remedy for chronic pain… [T]here are numerous analgesic medicines offered to patients and doctors which were proven and established in the practice of medication, through sound systematic medical research, to be far better and safer the remedy for chronic pain than medical cannabis.»

Gregory Bunt, MD
«Marijuana Is Not Good Medicine,» Soreness Medicine
May 2013


7. Marijuana vs. Marinol
«Opponents of medical marijuana frequently indicate dronabinol, the synthetic form of certainly one of marijuana's substances that is available in tablet form. The employment of only 1 ingredient makes dronabinol less efficient than medical cannabis. Numerous illnesses respond easier to a combination of cannabis's substances rather than just one. Additionally, because dronabinol is a pill, it is difficult if you have sickness and vomiting to ingest. Finally, like any medicine that's swallowed, dronabinol takes quite a while to eat up and have its results. Inhaled marijuana vapors could work markedly faster.»

Mitch Earleywine, PhD
Associate Professor of Psychology at University at Albany at State University of New York,
«Medical Marijuana pros,» CBSNews.com
Mar. 5, 2009


«Marinol is different from the crude plant marijuana because it contains one pure, well-studied, FDA-approved pharmaceutical in stable understood dosages. Marijuana is an unstable combination of over 400 chemical compounds including many toxic psychoactive chemical compounds that are largely unstudied and search in uncontrolled talents.»

California Narcotics Officers Association
Official policy declaration «The utilization of Marijuana as a Medicine»
Oct. 31, 2005


8. Addictiveness of Marijuana
«For some users, perhaps up to 10 percent, cannabis contributes to mental dependence, but there is however scant evidence so it carries a risk of real addiction. Unlike smoking cigarette smokers, most users don't simply take the drug on a regular basis, and usually abandon it within their twenties or thirties.

Unlike for nicotine, alcohol and hard drugs, there isn't any demonstrably defined withdrawal problem, the hallmark of real addiction, whenever usage is stopped.»

Colin Blakemore, PhD
Chair, Dept. of Physiology, University of Oxford (U.K.), and
Leslie Iversen, PhD
Professor of Pharmacology, Oxford University
Editorial, the days (U.K.)
Aug. 6, 2001


"[T]he proof demonstrably indicates that long-lasting marijuana use can lead to addiction. Certainly, more or less 9percent of the whom experiment with cannabis will become addicted (in line with the requirements for dependence into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition [DSM-IV]. The number increases to about 1 in 6 among those whom begin to use marijuana as teens and also to 25 to 50per cent those types of whom smoke cannabis every day. In line with the 2012 nationwide Survey on Drug utilize and wellness, approximately 2.7 million individuals 12 years old and older met the DSM-IV requirements for reliance upon marijuana… addititionally there is recognition of a bona fide cannabis withdrawal syndrome (with symptoms such as irritability, resting problems, dysphoria, wanting, and anxiety), which makes cessation hard and plays a role in relapse… [E]arly and regular marijuana usage predicts a heightened danger of cannabis addiction, which often predicts an elevated threat of the use of other illicit medications. When compared with people who start to make use of marijuana in adulthood, those that start in adolescence are about 2 to 4 times as prone to have outward indications of cannabis dependence in the a couple of years after first use."

Nora D. Volkow, MD
Director of National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) within National Institutes of Health
«Adverse Health aftereffects of Marijuana utilize,»
New England Journal of Medicine
June 5, 2014


9. «Gateway» Effect
"[T]he vast majority of people who use marijuana never progress to making use of other illicit medications, or to becoming regular cannabis consumers… the key connection between cannabis alongside illicit medications mostly involves the type associated with the market, perhaps not the type associated with high. In Netherlands, in which the cannabis market was quasi-legal and regulated for decades, marijuana use is less prevalent than in the usa, and those that do digest marijuana are less likely to want to use other illicit drugs… Maybe essential, new proof now shows your proliferation of medical marijuana rules and dispensaries across the united states of america is highly related to less people dying from overdoses involving heroin and pharmaceutical opioids. Probably the most likely reason is the fact that people are finding cannabis more helpful than opioids in handling different types of pain."

Ethan Nadelmann, JD, PhD
Executive Director of Drug Policy Alliance
«Fears of Marijuana's Gateway impact Vastly Exceed the data,» nytimes.com
Apr. 26, 2016


«Marijuana usage is definitely correlated with alcohol usage and tobacco cigarette usage, plus unlawful drugs like cocaine and methamphetamine. This does not mean that everybody else who utilizes cannabis will transition to utilizing heroin or other drugs, however it does imply that those who utilize marijuana eat more, perhaps not less, legal and unlawful medications than do people who do not use marijuana.

People who're addicted to marijuana are three times more likely to be dependent on heroin.

The legalization of marijuana increases option of the medication and acceptability of its usage. This will be bad for public safe practices not just because cannabis usage increases the danger of heroin usage.»

Robert L. DuPont, MD
President of this Institute for Behavior and Health
«Marijuana Has shown to be a Gateway Drug,» nytimes.com
Apr. 26, 2016


10. Health Marijuana utilize by Kids
«The typical wide range of anti-epileptic medications (AEDs) tried before making use of cannabidiol-enriched cannabis was 12. Sixteen (84%) of the 19 moms and dads reported a reduction in the youngster's seizure regularity while taking cannabidiol-enriched cannabis. Among these, two (11%) reported complete seizure freedom, eight (42per cent) reported a larger than 80percent lowering of seizure frequency, and six (32per cent) reported 25-60% seizure decrease. Other beneficial effects included increased alertness, better mood and enhanced rest. Side-effects included drowsiness and fatigue. Our survey suggests that parents are employing cannabidiol-enriched cannabis as cure for young ones with treatment-resistant epilepsy.»

Brenda E. Porter, MD et al.
Associate Professor, Stanford University health Center
Director of Clinical analysis, Privateer Holdings
«Report of a Parent Survey of Cannabidiol-Enriched Cannabis Use in Pediatric Treatment-Resistant Epilepsy,» Epilepsy & Behavior
Dec. 29, 2013


«Marijuana used in pediatric populations continues to be a continuing concern, and cannabis usage by adolescents has understood medical, emotional, and intellectual negative effects. Marijuana alters mind development, with harmful impacts on brain framework and function, in manners which are incompletely grasped. Furthermore, cannabis smoke contains tar along with other harmful chemical substances, so it can't be recommended by physicians.»

American Academy of Pediatrics
«The Impact of Marijuana policies on Youth: Clinical, Research, and Legal improve,»
Technical report
Mar. 2015


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