Epistemology is the theory of knowledge, regarding the methods, validity and the distinction between belief and opinion. Since the ancient history, there are several philosophers, who demonstrated their belief related to epistemology and the process of knowledge gathering. For instance, Hesiod was one of the earliest Greek poets, who believed in divine knowledge. In his poems, Hesiod claimed that if someone wants to know about the world, should believe in god. Hesiod’s teachings rest on the divine revelation, according to the proem (Greco, 2012). He represented himself like a true scholar, who makes the case for his own epistemology. He believed that people having divine voice can reach to the god, who will give knowledge about the world.
In contrast, Thales had a different perspective than Hesiod. He believed in material and physical science, to gather knowledge about the world. According to Thales, all things are full of gods. Thales was the first Greek, who had an interest on mathematics. !e considered geometrical figures as abstractions rather than real world objects (Sassi, 2013). Like Hesiod, he had a strong belief on god, he depicted that ‘of all things, god was uncreated, god made everything, but to gather knowledge regarding things that are happening, one should search the materialistic things and in a subjective manner to find out physical science, instead of thinking that people should have divine voice to gather knowledge regarding the world.
Therefore, natural philosophy, i.e. physical science of nature has a key relationship with god, i.e. mythology, which has been demonstrated by the philosopher, in regards to understand epistemology.
Greco, J. (2012). A Virtue Epistemology.
Sassi, M. M. (2013). Where Epistemology and Religion Meet What do (es) the god (s) look like?. Rhizomata, 1(2), 283-307.