Jacques, a German philosopher coined one of the most famous phrase, ‘man is given to birth free Jean in chains.’ Rousseau provides assertion that modern states participates in repression of the physical freedom that encompass our birthright and basically do absolutely nothing to secure the civil freedom for the sake of us as humankind enter the society of civilization (Jacque 1973). Jacques further argues that both Science and art result into moral degradation of morality of human being whereby he provides views about nature in correlation to societal norms and culture and later would help constitute intellectual life, therefore this work k by Jean is widely and rightly considered as one of the most important and essential work which is great source of inspiration to others especially the future upcoming generation (Campbell 2011). This paper will highlight the summary and response of the social contact book by Jacques.
According to Jacques, the inspirational idea turned out beneficial in shaping his intellectual capability: the destructive influence of humankind civilization that the philosopher later claimed the price in the contest in July 1750. According to scholar, Jeff argues that Rousseau is one of the very best thinkers in the modern democratic tradition to have ever existed by gauging his ability to investigate political commitment to the progress of science; found in the modern societies and also examined the cost of such policies. Rousseau initial encounter with the question of scientific progress become well conversant among people when Rousseau and his friend confidently gave in to being taken to jail for challenging a work questioning the providential God as Rousseau head to the prison to have a chat with him. All this time, Rousseau was skimming through the copy of the Mercurie of France and just then his eyes fell upon the question by academy of Dijon, he suddenly felt inspired and moved that a man is by nature a good being, and he concluded that very institutional misbehavior culminates from the moral degradation of the man. Nevertheless, Rousseau was only able to retain just small portion of his thoughts (Betram, 2003).
In his work Rousseau, the judge of Jean Jacque used essentially non real device to lay out his intentions in the closure of the discipline of arts and scientific work. The character traits of Rousseau depict great principle from the teachings of nature made man happy and good morally as well. However, societal environment misbehavior and influence overturned his character and made him vulnerable to social injustices and immorality, miserable, corrupt and massive error prone from foreign lifestyles, which molded a different character in him (Rousseau 2005). The character exhibited describes the disclosure on arts and scientific works as a motive to destroy the magical illusion, which provide us with absurd admiration for instruments of the misfortune befalling us.
Throughout his article Jacques makes us visualize the human race as better, wiser and happier in the laws and norms that are very primitive, blinded, miserable, and wicked to an extent that he tends to deviate from it. His efforts are to make amendments to the error of impaired judgment in order to delay progress of human race vices and massive wrongdoing in the course of existence (Wright 2008). Conventionally, Jacques portrays that human race require glory, and as a matter of reality and consequence; only errors and misjudgment impair our success.
Examples of metaphysical substitutes that Rousseau could have been referring was taking into account materialism .Scholar Victor Gourevitan scanning through Rousseau, latter letter Voltaine denotes that although he basically returned to the problem arising from materialism from his life. Rousseau elaborates the matter in depth and chooses to dwell on the perspective of the ordinary course of things, what he refers to as metaphysical subtleties that do not directly affect the happiness of humankind inhabiting the earth surface.
Rousseau anticipated that few sensible men would appreciate his position. He maintains that this will culminate from the dismissed concern of men born to bond with opinions of the environmental niche they dwell in (Williams 2014). In his conclusion, Jacques includes ‘wits’ and points out that they resemble those individuals who follow fashion trends. He further denotes that those who reflexively support the thinking of the tradition merely play the role of thinking creatively and innovatively. Therefore, cannot take part in philosophical work and had opportunity to live in the era of ‘French wars of the religion’ (Wright 2008). Logically, these same individuals would have opted to join the catholic league and began the fanatics of advocating for the excessive of power and authority to suppress the Protestants. Rousseau argument was felt as a matter of controversy and therefore drew great number of response criticizing Jules lee. Ultimately, the matter called for the urgent defecation as one of the strongest proofs of stupidity of humanity. (Williams, 2014)
According to Rousseau, whoever claims to be motivated by the idea of bringing at least something to enhance the happiness of the humankind, sets the most of the most of the humanities as a matter of his adversaries. Critically, Scholar Jeff Blacks however, claims that Rousseau wants his work to live more than him and his work will change with the rapid changing of fashion trends. However, Later on, Rousseau provides an assessment of his work by further highlighting an ambiguity in one of the letters, where he describes it as one of the principal writing, while the other one as best mediocre that ultimately causing confusion. Nevertheless he was a great philosopher with immense knowledge and ability.
Bertram, C 2003, Rousseau and the ‘social Contrast’, Rutledge, New Jersey
Campbell, B 2011, “Montaign and Rousseau’s First Disclosure’, The Western Quarterly vol.2, No.1975, pp. 7-31
Jacque, J 1973, Literary imagination: Ancient and modern Essay in honor of David Greene, McGraw-Hill, New York
Rousseau, J 2005, The social Contrast and Discourse. Trans .G.D.H. Cole, London,
Williams, D 2014, Rousseau’s ‘Social Contract’: An introduction, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Wright, C 2008, Rousseau‘s The Social Contract: A Reader’s Guide, Continuum Boos, London