BIOTECHNOLOGY: THE EMERGING FIELD
Biotechnology – from the name itself we infer that it’s the compilation of biology or let’s say biosciences and technology. The scope in the field is enormous but the awareness and acceptance are still lacking. This is an insight of the field by briefing the various prospects in it.
Following Q&A’s cover most of the things you are required to know.1. What is biotechnology?
- It is the branch of science that deals with living organisms, making derivatives out of them through technological tools. The applications of this branch are found in agricultural, industrial, medicine and research sectors.
What are the sub-fields of the branch?
- This branch often overlaps with molecular biology, biomedical engineering, bioinformatics, industrial microbiology, biomanufacturing, immunology, genetics, nanotechnology and food technology.
What is its application in the living world?
- It helps to brew alcohol. We can grow invitro microbes and then through chemical processing we obtain pure alcohol.
- By recombinant DNA technology, we can clone individuals, make genetics variations in them, therefore, making a more efficient human. For eg; biotech has the capacity to store genes of living humans and insert it to some other man.
- In the medical field, this branch is used by pharmaceutical companies to make medicines and antibiotics for curing diseases.
- In the agricultural sector, biotechnology helps in making advanced fertilizers which help in better crop production.
- In oil industries, biotechnology helps in quality control of the oil thus improving the oil content.
- It helps in the production of allergen-free food and toxins.
What are the topmost biotech companies in the world?
- Johnson and Johnson.
- Lilly biotechnology centre.
- Biocon Ltd- Indian company.
- Biogen Idec.
- Novo Nordisk.
- Cardinal Health.
What are the important biotechnological tools?
- Genetically modified microorganisms.
- Agarose Gel Electrophoresis.
- PCR (polymerase chain reaction) machine.
- Tissue culturings.
Biotechnology in itself is a diverse field. It’s the way of elevation of living organisms. Through this article, I have talked about the subject at a micro level. There’s still a lot more to this branch of technology. To know more, keep an eye on the internet.