The Old Man and the Sea Essay Questions

  1. 1

    Describe Hemingway's portrayal of Santiago's relationship using the sea.

    Hemingway centers on the connections between Santiago and his surrounding: the seafood, birds, and movie stars are all their brothers or buddies; he's got one's heart of a turtle, eats turtle eggs for energy; anddrinks shark liver oil for health. This connection with the sea and its creatures assists Santiago in the middle of his great tragedy. For Santiago, success and failure are a couple of equal issues with equivalent presence. They truly are transitory forms which capriciously show up and leave without impacting the root unity between himself and nature. Provided that he targets this unity and views himself within nature instead of as an external antagonist contending with it, he can't be beaten by whatever misfortunes befall him.

  2. 2

    Is Santiago a prideful man? Why or then?

    Hemingway's remedy for pride inside Old Man plus the Sea is ambivalent. A heroic man like Santiago must have pride in their actions, and as Santiago shows united states, «humility was not disgraceful plus it carried no losing real pride» (14). As well, though, it really is apparently Santiago's pride which presses him to travel dangerously far out to the ocean, «beyond everyone in the world,» to get the marlin (50). While he enjoyed the marlin and called him cousin, Santiago admits to killing it for pride, their blood stirred by battle with such a noble and worthy antagonist. Some have actually interpreted the loss of the marlin because the price Santiago had to buy his pride in traveling away to date looking for such a catch. Contrarily, one could argue this pride was useful as it allowed Santiago an edifying challenge worth his heroism. In the long run, Hemingway implies that pride in work done well, even when pride drew one needlessly in to the situation, is a confident trait.

  3. 3

    How does Santiago embody Hemingway's ideals for manhood?

    Hemingway's ideal of manhood is almost inseparable through the ideal of heroism. Become a person should behave with honor and dignity: not to succumb to suffering, to simply accept one's duty without problem and, most importantly, to display no more than self-control. The representation of femininity, the sea, is characterized expressly by its caprice and insufficient self-control; «if she did wild or wicked things it absolutely was because she cannot help them» (30). The representation of masculinity, the marlin, is called 'great,' 'beautiful,' 'calm,' and 'noble,' and Santiago steels him against his discomfort by telling himself, «suffer like a guy. Or a fish,» referring to the marlin (92). In Hemingway's ethical universe, Santiago shows us not only just how to exist heroically but in an easy method befitting a man.

  4. 4

    In your viewpoint, is Santiago successful as a fisherman? Why or you will want to?

    Hemingway attracts a distinction between two various kinds of success: outer, product success and inner, religious success. While Santiago clearly does not have the previous, the import of the absence is eclipsed by their control of later. One way to explain Santiago's tale is really as a triumph of indefatigable spirit over exhaustible product resources. As noted above, the characteristics of these a spirit are the ones of heroism and manhood. That Santiago can end the novella undefeated after steadily losing his hard-earned, most valuable control is a testament towards privileging of inner success over exterior success.

  5. 5

    Discuss Santiago's obsession with being a worthy adversary the marlin.

    Being heroic and manly are not merely qualities of character what type possesses or cannot. One must constantly show your heroism and manliness through actions carried out with dignity. Interestingly, worthiness can't be conferred upon oneself. Santiago is obsessed with demonstrating his worthiness to those around him. He previously to show himself toward boy: «the thousand times he'd proved it suggest nothing. Now he was demonstrating it once more. Every time had been a brand new some time he never seriously considered days gone by when he had been doing it» (66). In which he had to prove himself to your marlin: «we'll kill all their greatness and glory. Though it is unjust. But I will show him what a man can perform and what a man endures» (66). A heroic and manly life is not, then, certainly one of internal comfort and self-sufficiency; it needs constant demonstration of one's worthiness through noble action.

  6. 6

    How does Hemingway mean that Santiago is a Christ-like figure?

    Manolin has a nearly religious devotion to Santiago, underscored when Manolin begs Santiago's pardon for his perhaps not fishing with the old guy any longer. Manolin claims, «It ended up being Papa made me keep. I am a boy and I also must obey him,» to which Santiago replies, «I know… it's quite normal. He'sn't much faith» (10). Manolin's father forced his son to change to a far more successful watercraft after 40 days had passed without a catch for Santiago; here is the period of time Jesus wandered in the desert, tempted by Satan. Just as Christ resisted the temptation of the devil, Santiago resists the urge of offering in to their fatigue as he battles the marlin. «It was an excellent urge to sleep in the bow and allow the seafood make one group by himself without recovering any line.» But he is committed to beating the seafood, to proving his strength is more steadfast, thinking, «He'll be up quickly and I also can last. You need to last. Never also talk about it.»

  7. 7

    What is Santiago's view of their own sinfulness?

    Throughout this last section, Santiago over and over apologizes to your marlin in a fashion that provides another method to read Santiago's sin. He says, «Half fish… Fish you were. I'm sorry that I went out up to now. We ruined us both» (115). Santiago's transgression isn't any longer their killing regarding the fish, but venturing out too far in the ocean, «beyond everyone inside world» (50). As the former sin aided account for the inescapable misery associated with the peoples condition, the latter concentrates as an alternative on avoidable misery brought about by deliberate action. Santiago thought we would go out to date; he failed to should do so, but in doing this he must surrender their prize, the marlin, towards jealous sea.

    This comprehension of Santiago's sin is strange as it appears to separate man from nature in ways which contradicts the remainder novella. Venturing out past an acceptable limit is an affront against nature similar to the hubristic folly of Greek tragedy; he's got courted catastrophe through their own pride. Nowhere previously within the novel had been this obvious, though. The sea did actually welcome him, providing him business and meals for their expedition. There was no resistance from nature to his activities, except probably the sharks, but these had been never made to be nature's avengers. This reading of Santiago's sin therefore appears extremely problematic.

  8. 8

    Describe the important areas of Santiago's relationship with Manolin.

    The relationship between Santiago and Manolin can be summed up in one sentence: «The old guy had taught the kid to seafood and the child liked him» (10). Manolin is Santiago's apprentice, however their relationship isn't restricted to company alone. Manolin idolizes Santiago but the object with this idolization is not only the as soon as great though currently failed fisherman; it is an idolization of ideals. This can help explain Manolin's unique, nearly religious, devotion to the old guy, underscored when Manolin begs Santiago's pardon for their perhaps not fishing aided by the old man any longer. Manolin claims, «It had been Papa made me leave. I'm a boy and I also must obey him,» that Santiago replies, «I know… it really is quite normal. He's gotn't much faith» (10).

    Regardless of the clear hierarchy of the teacher/student relationship, Santiago does stress his equality using the boy. Whenever Manolin asks buying the old man a beer, Santiago replies, «you will want to?.. Between fisherman» (11). When Manolin asks to greatly help Santiago together with his fishing, Santiago replies, «You already are a man» (12). By showing that Santiago has bit more to instruct the child, this equality foreshadows the impending separation associated with two friends, as well as shows that this won't be a tale about a new boy learning from a classic man, but a tale of a vintage man learning the initial lessons for the autumn of life.

  9. 9

    Discuss the significance of the sense of sight towards the characters in novella.

    Hemingway peppers the novella with numerous sources to sight. We're told, for example, that Santiago has uncannily good eyesight for a person of his age and experience, while Manolin's new company is almost blind. Whenever Manolin notices this, Santiago replies just, «I am a strange old man» (14). Offered the analogy between Santiago's eyes plus the sea, one suspects that his strangeness inside regard has something regarding his relationship toward sea. This connection, though, is notably problematic as it might claim that Santiago would have success as a fisherman.

    Santiago's declaration that his eyes conform to the sunlight during some other part of the day furnishes another exemplory case of the importance of sight and artistic imagery in the novella. Santiago states, «All my life early sunlight has harmed my eyes, he thought. Yet these are typically nevertheless good. In the evening I am able to look straight to it without having the blackness. This has more force at night too. However in the early morning its simply painful» (33). Given the likening of natural time cycles to peoples age, e.g. September since the autumn of life, it is plausible to read this passage as a statement associated with edifying power of age. While it is difficult to find a person's method in the morning of youth, this task gets easier whenever carried out by those people who have resided throughout the day to the evening of life.

  10. 10

    How may be the figure of Joe DiMaggio accustomed stress Santiago's respect for nature?

    As he struggles from the marlin despite the discomfort he suffers, Santiago recalls the figure of Joe DiMaggio, identified at the start of the novella as a heroic paragon. «i need to have confidence,» thought Santiago, «and i have to be worthy of the great DiMaggio who all things perfectly even with the pain sensation for the bone spur in their heel» (68). Its strange, however, that right after valorizing DiMaggio, Santiago straight away diminishes the baseball player's success by thinking that the pain sensation of a bone spur could not be since bad whilst the pain of this spur of a fighting cock. He even concludes that «man just isn't much beside the great birds and beasts. Nevertheless i might rather be that beast down there in the darkness for the sea» (68). Nature, and also the marlin especially, is privileged above perhaps the best exemplars of individual endurance.

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