This research shows how therapist’s interest drawn to the utilization of spirituality into therapy, and consideration is expanding in counseling sessions. The study uncovers how the application of spiritual values persuaded the therapist into the counseling session after the research carried out to explore the spirituality of nine therapists and to understand the ways in which their spirituality influences their practice., while others take consideration to that educating, training and integrating spirituality in therapeutic work thought productive to clients. Numerous clients who come to the therapist for counseling today want to discuss their spirituality in the counseling session openly. The several therapists have found that combining spirituality into the counseling session profitable and valuable. The author furthermore highlights the significance of spirituality in personal therapist life to improve self-care and the direct influence of therapist spirituality on therapeutic work.
n this article, the author advocates the multicultural and social justice approach in clinical practice rather than just presenting theories and model to improve the field of counseling and psychology primarily among the marginalized and oppressed groups. The multiculturalism-social justice perspective provides a solution to clinical problems that practitioners may not able to resolve in individual office settings; thus, this approach can enhance the effectiveness of counseling and clinical psychology by providing a global approach to mental health, while also supporting needed social change. The author endeavors to expand the definition of multiculturalism, emphasize multicultural and justice perspective as the core principles of counseling and psychology and supports this approach for improving the counseling field.
The results of the survey report the necessity to incorporate spiritual care in healthcare systems. The research was conducted among the 115 Lebanese cancer patients admitted to Hôtel-Dieu de France Hospital (HDF) to observe the impact of spirituality on the quality of life, depression, and anxiety. The results manifested the better emotional and cognitive functioning in spiritual patients who have a higher meaning, peace, and faith. Additionally, the observation found that anxiety, as well as depression, was significantly correlated with all spiritual well-being factors. This research reports that spirituality can improve quality of life and decrease the incidence of anxiety and depression in cancer patients.
The article addresses about the importance of spirituality and religion examine in the academic literature, advances awareness and brings numerous fundamental ideas in the academic research. The research incorporates a summary of the religious diversity that exists in the world, with specific accentuation in the United States and Canada. Spirituality is a person’s association with God and influential in conceiving and forming one’s beliefs and values than race, sex, class, or sexual orientation. The author’s research is based on group discussion which includes Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, Mainline Protestants, Evangelical Christians, Pentecostals, Latter-day Saints, Seventh-day Adventists, Orthodox Jews, Conservative and Reformed Jews, Muslims, Hindus, and Buddhists. […]. This discussion covers content on each tradition’s history, distinctive beliefs and practices, and suggestions for working in a culturally sensitive manner with members of the culture. The book concentrates mainly on discussing religious traditions that clinicians commonly encounter in North America. The author who identifies as psychological therapists has given valuable substance has a reasonable application to social work professionals, particularly those in clinical practice. Indeed, the goal of the research is the importance of the study of spirituality and religion that will be useful to all readers interested in working with individuals from a various religious background.
The article by Robertson portrays the Spiritual Competency Scale which is used by ASERVIC (Association for Spiritual, Ethical and Religious Values in Counseling). The article examines how spirituality is being used more in counseling than at any other time, and the requirement for spiritual competency is vital. After the experimentation conducted with members from ASERVIC, either factor structure of the spiritual competence scale would be supported. The survey concluded that counselors with spiritual belief were more effective in talking about spirituality with clients. Furthermore, all counselors of all levels of spirituality can profit by spirituality training in expanding spiritual conference.
The article shows the centrality of individual self-actualization observed in individual’s spiritual identity, as described through a case study of the spiritual/religious background of 49-year-old male tax accountant in the counseling session, who was referred to counseling by his physician. The article investigates how the process of identifying and self-actualization development occurs in individual life, and it is meaningful in counseling. Individual life experience is comprised of various dimensions of life, yet spirituality is the center of the interaction, a key element to lead an individual to the pathway of self-actualization and axis among all of these five aspects of life such as psychological, moral, somatic, social andspiritual element to construct individual identity. The author also defines self-actualization as an instinctual need of human to make the most of their abilities, and innate capabilities to be the best they can be in the path toward individual fulfillment which originates in one’s spiritual values and identity. Self-actualization leads to someone’s spiritual growth. In seeking to adhere to a humanist orientation in the delivery of counseling service, this article has offered that the path toward individual fulfillment, defined as self-actualization, originates in one’s spiritual values and identity. Moreover, the article outlines how the journey to self-actualization progress and identity development happen when one series of needs stage is fulfilled, leading to the next stage across the lifespan. As the 21st-century counseling profession qualifications necessitate the consideration of clients’ spirituality in therapy or counseling, individual spirituality has been perceived as a significant social variable, furthermore the issue of integration of multiculturalism in counseling practice. In summary, all the counselors today must require having an in-depth understanding of the development of spiritual and religious identity to work with clients. The counseling profession shouldn’t overlook working to integrate spirituality into the counseling practice setting to aid the counseling effectiveness and meet the needs of their clients.
The article “Spiritual but not religious respondents in contemporary studies” reviews several studies completed on in the US, Great Britain, Austria among the people group who self-distinguishes as spiritual yet not religious since mid-1990 in the USA and Europe. The group first noticed among people born after WW2 because of an aversion of the religious institution and development of individualism principle in western society. Moreover, studies find that group usually is independent, no shared notion of spirituality, constructs own worldview blending eastern and western religions, new age, and secular sources yet the most common cause for the birth of this group is distrust of religion. Presently this group and the word spirituality have been gaining and developing notoriety on political, media, and scientific levels.
The article “An “afterthought”: Counseling trainees’ multicultural competence within the spiritual/religious domain” investigates concerning the practical preparation of counselors to be competitive clinically not merely academically. The research conducted with eight trainee participants of diverse spiritual/religious, age, gender, race, ethnicity and sexual orientation, five males, and three female participants. This research has found the integration of spiritual and religious issues in therapy is not fully and successfully integrated despite all efforts due to many factors. Finding also reveals that there is multicultural training on the theoretical level to make counselor knowledgeable, skillful and aware, yet there are significant gaps exist in counseling trainees’ practical preparation for spiritual/religious competence and lacks skills and awareness essential to enter into the entry-level spiritual and religious competency. Finding revealed that trainees’ desire for improved training and preparedness in the field of spirituality and religion, thus necessary of a discussion of spirituality/religion in coursework and clinical training experiences to develop to advance clinical training and research to empower capacity advancement and expanded mindfulness. Furthermore, the author suggests the urgency of improving clinical practice and more research on the topic of religion and spirituality.
The article by W. Burton highlights a survey conducted to find out the views on spirituality and religion as synonymous terms or separately. Among these candidates for the study were six hundred and thirty-three representing a 59 % response rate, three hundred and thirty-five (54 %) of male respondents; 446 (75 %) born in the USA; 563 (89 %) who attended medical school in the USA; 211 (34 %) an Associate or Full Professor; 357 (57 %) an Assistant Professor; and 506 (81 %) spent at least 25 % of their time teaching medical students. During the survey, 32.5 % of respondents self-identified as ‘both spiritual and religious,’ 30.6 % were ‘spiritual, not religious,’ 4.4 % were ‘religious, not spiritual’ and 32.5 % were ‘neither spiritual nor religious.’ In medicine spirituality and religion is viewed as same though Social sciences see spirituality and religion separately. This result has found some distinction between spiritual and religious, yet further qualitative studies are needed to clarify the finer difference. In summary, these findings advise that medical school curricula need to be made more specific to enhance reflection and self-awareness of this distinction and its influence on behavior and attitudes.
Summing-up, research unveils the fact that there is more urgency for multicultural competence counselor to serve the various growing minorities in the USA and demand of counselors from diverse backgrounds.