The History, Pros & Cons Of WhatsApp Essay


History: 2009-2014· Founded by two Americans: Brian Acton and Jan Koum in 2009.· They both were previous representatives of Yahoo! and were rejected by Facebook.· Acton induces five ex-Yahoo! co-workers to put $250,000 in seed financing, and is allowed fellow benefactor status.· WhatsApp 2.0 released on the App store on august 2009.· In December 2009, WhatsApp was updated and allowed to send pictures.· August 2010, WhatsApp made available for android users.·

August 2102, WhatsApp messages were encrypted in the latest variant.· By December 2103 WhatsApp guaranteed that 400 million dynamic clients utilized the administration every month. 2014-Present· On 19, February Facebook reports its procurement of WhatsApp for US$19 billion, its biggest securing to date. Facebook pays $4 billion in real money, $12 billion in Facebook shares, and an extra $3 billion in confined stock units conceded to WhatsApp’s founders.· November 2014, WhatsApp provides an update that includes a feature called read receipts which informs the sender when the message was read. Soon afterwards WhatsApp add an option to disable this attribute.·

21st January ,2015 WhatsApp dispatches WhatsApp Web, a web customer which can be utilized through an internet browser by matching up with the cell phone’s association.· March, 2016 WhatsApp enables the client to send PDF documents with their contacts.· 10th May, 2016 WhatsApp adds another feature by introducing it to Windows and Mac working frameworks. · September 2018 in the latest update WhatsApp included a group voice and video call.

Growth of WhatsApp

The graph clearly shows that there has been a massive increase throughout the period in the users of WhatsApp; Starting from 600 million users in January, 2106 to 1.3 billion users in November,2017.Working of WhatsAppWhatsApp utilizes a customized version of the open standard Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP) upon installation. WhatsApp automatically looks at all the telephone numbers from the gadget address book with its focal database of WhatsApp client to naturally analyze all the phone number from the gadget address book with its central database to consequently add contacts to the users WhatsApp contact list.

Working of WhatsApp

What is extensible messaging and presence protocol (XMPP)The extensible messaging and presence protocol (XMPP) is an application profile of the Extensible Markup Language (EML) for streaming XML information in near constant between at least two or more system. The address format for XMPP substances was initially created in the Jabber Open Source Community in 1999. It works between or among servers, and facilitates near-real-time operation. The Protocol may inevitably enable web clients to send texts to any other person on the Internet, paying little mind to contrasts in Operating frameworks and programs.

XMPP Working

End-to-end encryption. … WhatsApp end-to-end encryption guarantees just you and the individual you’re speaking with can read what’s sent, and no one in the middle of, not by any means WhatsApp. Your messages are anchored with locks, and just the beneficiary and you have the uncommon keys expected to open and read your messages. Downloading and installation· We can download the application from play store for android users and from apple store for IOS users. Or we can simply go to .· Install the application and click on launch for the application to open.· Then enter your mobile number with the country code provided.· After this, a verification code will be sent to the number we provided which will then get registered with your own SIM number.

Advantages and Drawbacks


Available on android, IOS and window phones. 1. Is bounded by the use off internet (no offline mode).

Allows unlimited messages and calls. 2. Backing up data takes a lot of time.

Easily notify when the message is delivered and read by the recipient. 3. The group size is limited to 256 members.

Can send audio and video files up to 16 Mb. 4. Support only smart phones.

Provide security bs end-to-end encryption. 5. Images and videos may eat up all the device storage.

Can share the customer location with the help of GPS. 6. The profile picture is visible to every person in the contact list.

It can work without the Sim card if the number is registered once. 7. You need to share your personal mobile number in order to communicate.

WhatsApp BANS

CHINAIn 2017, security specialists reported to The New York Times that the WhatsApp benefit had been totally obstructed in China. WhatsApp is possessed by Facebook, whose fundamental internet-based life benefit has been blocked in China since 2009. IRANOn May 9, 2014, the legislature of Iran reported that it had proposed to obstruct the entrance to WhatsApp administration to Iranian inhabitants. “

The purpose behind this is the supposition of WhatsApp by the Facebook originator Mark Zuckerberg, who is an American Zionist,” said Abdolsamad Khorramabadi, leader of the nation’s Committee on Internet Crimes. In this way, Iranian president Hassan Rouhani issued a request to the Ministry of ICT to stop the WhatsApp services. Turkey Turkey briefly prohibited WhatsApp in 2016, after the termination of the Russian representative to Turkey. Uganda Legislature of Uganda restricted WhatsApp and Facebook. Users are to be charged 200 shilling as per the new law set by parliament.

SrilankaWhatsApp, a standout amongst the most initiated informing applications alongside other online networking systems, for example, Facebook and Instagram were briefly blocked, prohibited and had been inaccessible for around two days (7-8 March 2018) in specific parts of the nation to kill mutual violence’s particularly the counter Muslim riots. This was probably the first and last case when the social media network was obstructed and shortly afterwards the ban was lifted on 14th march, 2108 across the country.

Brazil On March 1, 2016, Diego Dzodan, Facebook’s VP for Latin America was captured in Brazil for not coordinating with an examination in which WhatsApp discussions were asked. On March 2, 2016, Dzodan was discharged in light of the fact that the Court of Appeal held that the capture was unbalanced and pointless. On May 2, 2016, versatile suppliers in Brazil were requested to ban WhatsApp for 72 hours for the administration’s second inability to coordinate with criminal court orders. Indeed, the square was lifted after an interest, after almost 24 hours.

Related technologies

Facebook messengerFacebook messenger usually known as messenger was initially created as Facebook chat in 2008 and discharged its independent IOS and android application in 2011. Clients can send messages and trade photographs, recordings, stickers, sound, and documents, and additionally respond to other clients’ messages and connect with bots. The administration likewise bolsters voice and video calling. The independent applications bolster utilizing various records, discussions with discretionary end-to-end encryption, and playing amusements.Messenger had 600 million clients in April 2015, developing to 900 million in June 2016, 1 billion in July 2016, and 1.2 billion in April 2017.

Snapchat is a mixed media informing application utilized all around, made by Evan Spiegel, Bobby Murphy, and Reggie Brown. One of the central highlights of Snapchat is that photos and messages are accessible for a brief span before they end up difficult to reach. The application has developed from initially concentrating on individual to-individual photograph sharing to directly including “Stories” of 24-hour.As of February 2018, Snapchat has 187 million every day dynamic users.

WECHATWECHAT is a Chinese multi-reason informing, web-based life and portable installment application created by Tencent. It was first discharged in 2011, and by 2018 it was one of the world’s biggest independent versatile applications. Depicted as one of the world’s most ground-breaking applications by Forbes, it is otherwise called China’s “application for everything” and a “super application” due to its extensive variety of capacities and stages.WECHAT has more than 1 billion clients and approximately 902 million dynamic clients daily.

Comparison with WhatsApp. User Comparison

This pie chart shows us the diversity of the social media application users throughout the world. It clearly shows that the most people around the world prefer WhatsApp (35%) and Facebook messenger (35%) rather than WECHAT (20%) and Snapchat (10%).

Differences between social applications Serial No Features WhatsApp Messenger Snapchat WeChat :

End-to-end encryption

Group Calling


Friend status and updates



WhatsApp is an application making comfort for correspondence, sparing time and cash. Be that as it may, whenever utilized inappropriately, it can make reactions, for example, compulsion and prompt medical issues or even drop of scholastic and social aptitudes.WhatsApp contends with various Asian-based informing administrations (that starting at 2014, were administrations like WeChat (468 million dynamic clients), Viber (209 million dynamic users and LINE (170 million dynamic clients, WhatsApp dealt with ten billion messages for every day in August 2012, developing from two billion in April 2012, and one billion the past October. On June 13, 2013, WhatsApp reported that they had achieved their new every day record by handling 27 billion messages. As per the Financial Times, WhatsApp “has done to SMS on cell phones what Skype did to global approaching landlines.


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