The Growth Of Social Media Essay

Question:

Discuss about the Growth of Social Media.

Answer:

Literature

The subject of the following paper is to discuss about the social media on the world politics and the impacts that the growth of social media has left to this world. Social media has come to be a very important and significant force in the modern days since the politicians use this platform to talk about the several relevant issues in the world (Gerbaudo, 2012). The steps that the global leaders take are always on the lookout by the global media. The various things like the growing importance of the social media platforms like Facebook, YouTube, Linkedin, Google+, web blogs and others have helped the political leaders to stay active in front of their followers and grow their popularity to gain more power (Nam, 2012).

The evolution of the digital disruption and the new revolution through using the social media tools have become a very common matter (McQuivey, 2013). The invention of the latest digital technologies, computers, laptops, new innovative methods, smart phones and other devices has aggravated this process. The politicians are not also behind this and the face of politics has been changed completely due to this. A radical political change is overtaking the entire world and this has become quite a controversial topic in the recent times (Howard & Parks, 2012). The digital activism of the politicians can be addressed by discussing case studies of different topics. The political volunteers can be used by the different social media platforms. Various political things like the Presidential elections in USA, the Brexit, the decisions initiated in the world summits and many more can be associated by use of the social media (Dhingra et al., 2012). The most powerful and influential global political leaders like US President Donald Trump, the former President Barrack Obama, Russian President Vladimir Putin and many more are very actively present in the social media where they spread their messages to their followers and the latest decisions of the government are also displayed.

Case study

In order to address the concerned topic of this paper, it is indeed important to draw up one topic from the recent political issues around the world. The political issue that has been selected in this course of study is the one that took very recently about the Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar and they were rendered to be homeless by the Myanmar government and Aung San Suu Kyi (Brinham, 2012). She is the considered to be the first State Counselor of Myanmar and her recent actions have been very much derogatory for the welfare of the youth. She has been a very popular figure in the Burmese politics but her recent actions that are against the refugees of the Rohingya Muslims have been outrageous. This has been a burning issue in the whole world. It has been stated that about 340,000 people have been rendered to be homeless and they are living a life of despair in the camps of Bangladesh (Parnini, 2013). Violence and utter hunger have been the serious consequences the refugees have been facing. It is known that the democracy and preservation of the human rights have been the primary purpose of the Suu Kyi’s life. Her father was a reform politician and she had fought her whole life to establish the political democracy in her country of Myanmar. She was imprisoned for 15 long years and made her way out and then established her popularity to gain the national power (Parnini, Othman and Ghazali, 2013).

At the beginning, it is important to give a brief introduction about the Rohingya Muslims. They are a Muslim minority who live in the northern Rakhine State that is very close to the border between Myanmar and Bangladesh. The problem lies in the fact the majority of Myanmar population are Buddhists (Brooten, Ashraf & Akinro, 2015). They have attracted the international media about their deterioration of conditions in the recent times. This is to state that the social media platforms are also buzzing with this. The problem lies in the fact that the Opposition leader of the country, Aung San Suu Kyi has been very much silent about this entire incident. The situation has become so critical that United Nations had to interfere into this matter to save the millions of Rohingya refugees. The top social media sites like Facebook, Google+ has been very much in contact with this issue for several times now. The international human rights committee has began to ask questions about the silence of Suu Kyi because she has been believed to be voice of the people. It can easily interpreted that the main reason for which Suu Kyi has been remaining silent may be the Buddhist-Muslim relationship within Myanmar (Brooten & Verbruggen, 2017). The relationship is not quite strong so the political benefits are very much involved in this scenario. The history of Rohingya community has affected this relationship as well and this is why Suu Kyi, as a part of the NLD has remained silent. Suu Kyi has been very vocal about the ethnicity in the people of Myanmar. These critical political environments have led Suu Kyi to be very silent (Kipgen, 2013).


The complexity of the ethnicity and religious constraints will have to be understood to address the situation that has risen in Myanmar. The Rohingya community has found themselves to be persecuted and completely helpless. The complexity of religions is quite high in this country since the most of the country’s population are ethnic people of Burma. The ethic Barmars are Theravada Buddhists in nature. They are the dominant power in the country and a major force to determine where the politics of the country should evolve. The social media has a major role to play in showcasing the political weather of the country. The political scenario came to be in connection to the fact that the Rohingyas who lived in Rakhine state were not considered to be as part of the population counting or census in the year1983. It has been stated by the media that about 4% of the population of the country is Muslim (Mahmood et al., 2017).

There are certain factors that could be explained in order to Suu Kyi’s silence on the Rohingya refugee factor. This goes with the facts of the policies of the domestic election process and the conflict between the Buddhist and Muslim population. Another important thing is the concepts of Suu Kyi herself on the minority factors. The notable fact in this aspect is that Suu Kyi has been very much silent in case of the Rohingyas only but she had not been that much silent in case of the other issues about minority communities. The probable reason for the less popularity of the Rohingyas lies in the age old rivalry between the conflicts between the different groups in the Rakhine state. Suu Kyi is also very conscious about the fact that her actions should not be harmful for her party. She may lose the votes if she stands in support for the Rohingya Muslims.


Some other issues can be highlighted in this scenario in New Zealand. In the recent years, the growth of social media has been very effective in the political context. The political communication has been growing in these circumstances to help the members of the party to stay connected in good frequency. The new trend in this context can be shown as that of the online electoral campaigning, showing the public the development programs that the Government is undertaking recurrently. Social media tools like Facebook have become a revolutionary force in mobilizing the public opinion to the favor of them only (Rainie et al., 2012). The scenario that can be discussed in this segment of social media and politics is the introduction of the e-democracy process. The political parties have launched their own mobile application that helps the followers of the party to stay connected with each other. The political websites have much catered to the knowledge of the people in common. The issue that was discussed in the previous section has become a burning issue in the world and many people have posted their opinions about this case quite often (Rainie et al., 2012). These steps are taken to understand why and how the people are politicized. The manipulation process can also be done by this politics through social media as well. The politicians in different countries have approached to these things in positive manner that will be beneficial for the political parties to get the votes.

Social media has also grabbed the focus of the public in a greater way that will be vital for them to understand what the political parties want. The common people can put in their thoughts in the posts of the political leaders. The difference between the active and moderate users has to be understood. The domain of the political communities has been initiated by the social media platforms that would help them to gain more members. However, the main focus of the topic can be on the disheartening condition of the Rohingyas (Turner, 2014). If the political factors are socialized by the social media platforms, the reality of the current political framework would be disclosed. The social media platforms would be gaining the trust of the public as well as these platforms can bring out the inefficiencies of the political leaders to expose their worth as well. The Rohingyas have been living in the Arakan area for many centuries now. These conflicts have driven the ethnic groups to collide with each other and they will be very much important for the historical impact on the ethnic communities of Myanmar (Taylor, 2015).


The citizens of Myanmar and other big countries have been losing their interests in the dealings of politics within the country and the global context as a whole (Turner, 2014). The governments, political parties and the political institutions are all engaged in manipulating the common people. They want to revitalize the democratic process in the countries and check for the faults within the system. As this is the web 2.0 era, the social media platforms offers the people and the political leaders to stay in connection with one another. This is called the socialization process. If the political parties can stay connected with each other in all the countries, the conflicts between them surely decrease (Grusec & Hastings, 2014). The common people can understand what these political leaders are trying to express and they will be guided towards the truth by interaction between the different parties and their followers. The people who use the internet facilities for the politics will be greatly benefitted. The election campaigns can be done very effectively by the use of the social media itself. The interactive social media tolls will be very helpful to communicate to the people of the area and reach to them. The more number of users in of smart phones and social media are the young generation members. Co incidentally, the younger generations does not have much respect or interest in case of the politicians or the political parties. Barrack Obama had used the various social media platforms for his presidential election campaigns. The younger generations have a special affinity on the social media over the traditional media. However, it is important to understand that those people should be targeted for the votes because they are the futures of the world and their thinking process and opinions must be respected.

Conclusion

This paper can be concluded by saying that social media and politics are greatly interconnected with each other. The various ways that social media has acted as a catalyst in solving several social issues has been elemental to put more focus on its importance. Millions of people are active in social media nowadays and they can follow the whereabouts of the political leaders in detail by seeing the posts on social sites like Facebook, MySpace, Twitter and some others. The case of tye Rohingya Muslims refugee campaigns have been upheld here to make connection about the silence of Aung San Suu Kyi. She has been a very important factor in determining the ways of life in Myanmar and she has remained very silent about these unwanted incidents and the Rohingya refugees being rendered as shelter less. The buzz in the social media about her silence has been addresses as well.

References

Brinham, N., 2012. The conveniently forgotten human rights of the Rohingya. Forced Migration Review, (41), p.40.

Brooten, L. & Verbruggen, Y., 2017. Producing the News: Reporting on Myanmar’s Rohingya Crisis. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 47(3), pp.440-460.

Brooten, L., Ashraf, S.I. & Akinro, N.A., 2015. Traumatized victims and mutilated bodies: Human rights and the ‘politics of immediation’in the Rohingya crisis of Burma/Myanmar. International Communication Gazette, 77(8), pp.717-734.

Dhingra, S., Ottaviano, G.I., Sampson, T. & Reenen, J.V., 2016. The consequences of Brexit for UK trade and living standards.

Gerbaudo, P., 2012. Tweets and the streets: Social media and contemporary activism. Pluto Press.

Grusec, J.E. & Hastings, P.D. eds., 2014. Handbook of socialization: Theory and research. Guilford Publications.

Howard, P.N. & Parks, M.R., 2012. Social media and political change: Capacity, constraint, and consequence. Journal of communication, 62(2), pp.359-362.

Kipgen, N., 2013. Conflict in Rakhine State in Myanmar: Rohingya Muslims' Conundrum. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 33(2), pp.298-310.4

Mahmood, S.S., Wroe, E., Fuller, A. & Leaning, J., 2017. The Rohingya people of Myanmar: health, human rights, and identity. The Lancet, 389(10081), pp.1841-1850.

McQuivey, J., 2013. Digital disruption: Unleashing the next wave of innovation.

Nam, T., 2012. Dual effects of the internet on political activism: Reinforcing and mobilizing. Government Information Quarterly, 29, pp.S90-S97.

Parnini, S.N., 2013. The crisis of the Rohingya as a Muslim minority in Myanmar and bilateral relations with Bangladesh. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 33(2), pp.281-297.

Parnini, S.N., Othman, M.R. & Ghazali, A.S., 2013. The Rohingya refugee crisis and Bangladesh-Myanmar relations. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, 22(1), pp.133-146.

Rainie, L., Smith, A., Schlozman, K.L., Brady, H. & Verba, S., 2012. Social media and political engagement. Pew Internet & American Life Project, 19.

Taylor, R., 2015. Refighting Old Battles, Compounding Misconceptions: The Politics of Ethnicity in Myanmar Today. ISEAS Perspective, 12(2).

Turner, A., 2014. Saving Buddhism: The impermanence of religion in colonial Burma. University of Hawai'i Press.

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