The Glass Menagerie, by Tennessee Williams, is about four individuals that wanting to avoid their present real life by retreating to their separate globes. The Glass Menagerie is a memory play because it is told from memory of the narrator, Tom Wingfield. The visitors reside the story through Tom’s eyes, they see what he views and feel just what he seems. Both, the play’s style and content are motivated by memory.
In accordance with Williams, “nostalgia”..is 1st condition of this play” (manufacturing records). The employment of music, not enough realism and also the regular symbolism are because of its origins in memory. As it will likely to be illustrated in this paper, memory is a significant theme for the play because many characters are haunted by it. It will likewise display the many symbols of escape within the play, and exactly why some characters prefer to escape their everyday lives by staying in the last.
The Glass Menagerie is referred to as a memory play as the tale is drawn from narrator’s own memory, Tom Wingfield. Being a self-described memory ensures that it is somewhat removed from reality, the way in which it had been recalled rather than fundamentally the way in which it was. At the beginning of scene one, Tom dates back to the times as he ended up being a younger Tom and begins telling their form of the tale. To set the scene for all of us, Tom explains “I turn back time. I reverse it on quaint duration, the thirties” (Williams 5). Which means Tom is telling an account that long happened, and that he is recalling the main points to share with them to the market. Furthermore, he explains that what we are going to see is a memory, which probably the most realistic character is the gentleman caller.
Memory is an essential theme of play because in some manner the entire play revolves surrounding this certain theme. The play talks about the power of memory, and how some individuals retain their memories plenty that they can perhaps not move on using their lives. Through the entire play Tom covers exactly how every person in their family is longing to escape their current everyday lives. Tom, too, cannot await to be able to hightail it through fire escape and not get back. However, when he finally got the chance to escape by joining the marine, his memory of Laura could be the one thing that brought him back. It really is like his memories are chains around his neck that it is preventing him from respiration. For this reason, memory plays a major part n this play, as it may be the one thing that kept. the household people together.
The play is composed of many symbols and themes that serve the escape mechanism that most characters choose, in order to avoid the truth of their everyday lives. Williams utilizes several symbols to help the Wingfield’s are now living in their memory and escape their surroundings.
Mr. Wingfield, the absent daddy who's presented by a photo is the ultimate expression of escape. Their departure is just about the one thing that triggered the rest of the relatives to flee their life. His picture on the wall is a continuing reminder of this better times and times that went away. Their lack is the component that makes everyone despise their current and empty lives. Amanda makes several negative remarks about lacking him, yet his image is till on the wall. Tom additionally makes jokes exactly how his father “fell deeply in love with long distances” (Williams 5). This may be Tom’s protection system to ease the pain sensation of abandonment by changing his father’s action into one thing funny.
The fire escape presented in the 1st scene represents a “bridge” involving the globe in the Wingfield house and truth globe outside (scene 1). However, this bridge has another meaning to each character. For Tom, it is the was to escape the entire world of Amanda and Laura, and an entrance to the actual life. Amanda views the fire escape for gentlemen callers to enter their life. In terms of Laura, it is ways to escape the entire world exterior by hiding in their illusionary world of the apartment.
Another symbol could be the “Paradise Dance hall” that lies across the street form the Wingfield apartment (Williams 39). The name of the party hallway itself might mean that living with the Wingfield is much like a prison, or it is not even close to utopia, as Tom and Amanda have constant arguments day after day. Tom wants to watch the partners dance into the hall, in accordance with my estimation, he likes to watch the care-free partners dancing on music since he won't have a love partner of their own. In addition, the dance hall represent the longing feeling that Tom experience towards real life outside of the apartment.
Tom’s habit of going to the movies is another symbol of escaping on realm of truth in which he finds “a significant adventure” (Williams 33). Tom knows man needs for love and adventure. Having Amanda criticizing him if you are a “selfish dreamer” is the thing that produces Tom not able to leave (Williams 96). However, when Tom is fed up, he states that he's sick and tired of visiting the films, and that he is likely to move. This implies he ended up being utilising the concert halls to dream of a much better life also to avoid that harsh truth he has absolutely nothing, “no solitary thing” ( Williams 21).
The films were not the one thing that Tom always avoid their empty life, he also admired secret shows. His admiration within the specific ‘coffin trick’ resembles his captivity within the cramped, dinghy destination and much like a jail ceil apartment. Whenever Tom comes home home drunk through the films, after having a fight with Amanda, he informs Laura ” but the most wonder fullest trick of was the coffin trick”… These is a trick that could also come in handy for me personally for from this two-by-four situation” (Williams 27). This estimate involves Tom’s entrapment in their own spot, and exactly how he longs to go out of.
Last but not least, is pretty well-known expression, Laura’s glass menagerie. Her cup collection represents a safe destination that serves the girl shyness to cover through the real-world. The activities that eventually the woman glass collection throughout the play affect her emotional state. Whenever Amanda asks Laura to practice typing, she rather plays with her cup selection (Williams 10). Tom accidentally breaks a few of the glass on his way to the films. The shattered glass could represent Laura’s comprehension of Tom’s have to leave the house (Williams 24). The most crucial bit of cup to Laura could be the unicorn because they both get one part of typical, both vary. Laura varies because of the woman physical disability and the woman shyness, as the unicorn differs through the other animals due to the horn. Laura tells Jim that “the unicorn doesn't whine of being different” (Williams 83). This symbolizes Laura’s acceptance to be various. When Jim breaks from the horn regarding the unicorn, Laura points out that now he could be like remaining horses, in the same way Laura can start overcoming her shyness too.
The memory theme is presented not merely through Tom, the narrator, but through other different means… the concept conveyed inside play is memory versus truth.
The usage of the screen unit in the wall surface helps to set the mood of figures, permits us to come right into your head of narrator, their internal ideas and feelings. According to Williams, the goal of this product had been ” to give accent to certain values in each scene” (Production Notes). These images or titles supply the market a sense to relate with the characters, to endure what they are going through. Sometimes the screen is used to emphasize the significance of one thing described by the characters, as when the image of blue roses appeared in scene two whenever Laura ended up being discussing her crush on a higher school boy.
The use of music is another accent to stress specific thoughts. The recurring tune of “The Glass Menagerie” is employed many times to “give psychological emphasis to suitable passages. Laura makes use of her old documents to retreat inside her own small world. Whenever Tom began telling their tale at the beginning of scene one music began playing into the back ground to offer a feel of the sad, empty life that took place after the departure of Mr. Wingfield.
The Lighting, based on Williams, isn't practical, “consistent with the environment of memory, the stage is dim” (Production Notes, xix). Considering that the play has a tremendously sad melodrama mood, the light is quite dim throughout the play. Whenever Amanda and Tom were talking about inviting Jim to supper to meet up with Laura, and Laura had no active part, the light had been on her figure. In this manner the viewers might have Laura in your mind whenever listening to Tom and Amanda’s plan, and sympathize with her when they see the girl shadow.
Since it was noted that each and every character has a method to escape its life, we have to realize why some of the characters prefer to inhabit the last. Tom demonstrably sees his life with his household and his task during the warehouse as a prison. Also, the responsibility which he has towards their mom and their cousin makes him feel cramped and suffocated. The fire escape haunts Tom because the start of play, where at the end he follows the footsteps of his daddy. Amanda everyday lives in denial since her spouse abandoned the girl. Since she has been living in recalling ‘the glory days’ whenever she had seventeen gentlemen callers in Blue Mountain. This is a time for Amanda when she ended up being popular, rich and focal point. She likes to deny the fact this woman is one mother with a crippled child and unsuccessful son. For Laura, she loves to are now living in her shell behind the glass menagerie to avoid contact with the people on the planet exterior. Her real infection scares the woman of experiencing any social life. If her own dad left her behind, why would strangers wish to have any experience of her? Jim, too, is escaping their life although he is the main one practical character into the whole play. As Jim was the senior school hero, he wound up being a member of staff in a warehouse. The situation of Jim and Amanda is rather comparable, because both had high hopes for themselves in addition they ended up with a life they never ever imagined.
All people seem to always look right back regarding ‘glory days’ to relive this glory. Everyone prefer to recollect memories, presuming their delighted ones, and also them back again. The play, the same as our life, is full of feasible escapes. Each character attempts to escape form their life but wind up tangled inside their issue. Williams uses the theme of memory and escape throughout “The Glass menagerie” to show the hopelessness and despair of each character’s aspirations together with inescapable failure of these escapes. Could this be Williams means of suggesting that solving the issues could be the right way to go?
Memory, having said that is an extremely strong aspect in the play, and everyone’s life. Many individuals try to escape their memory hoping to move on using their lives. Tom, just like anyone people, experimented with escape their memories but failed. Another suggestion by Williams might be that memories are what exactly is making a few of the figures unhappy, i.e. the memory of Mr. Wingfield, Tom’s memory of Laura.