Terrorism Is Considered Act Of Violence Essay

Questions:

What is the effect of terrorism on the political scenario of Australia?

What is the effect of terrorism on the immigrant of Australia?

What steps are being taken by the Australian Government in order to prevent or counter the attack of terrorism?

Answers:

Introduction

The report is based on the effects of terrorism. Terrorism is considered as an act of violence that results in the loss of life and damage properties. It is an unlawful attack on the citizens of a country in return for certain demands made. Usually, these demands are in the form of money or in the protest of some acts done against a particular individual or country (Jongman 2017). It causes a panic situation among the people and leads to the loss or lives creating mental trauma among the people. Over the years, several reports have been made on the acts of terrorism. Countries around the world have fallen victim to terrorist attack and that has caused a serious concern for the Government in these countries. Recent terrorist attacks have been seen in the United States and France for which newspapers and media played a vital role in keeping the world aware of the attacks. The evils of terrorism can at times destroy the economy of a country as the damage was done by this act can lead to a lot of repairing cost. The report focuses on the effects caused by terrorism in Australia. The effects of the terrorism on the attitudes of the Australian people form the basis of the analysis of the report. The report is based on information collected from news journals that highlights the significant points relayed to terrorism and provides a proper insight into the effects it can cause on the lives of the people of Australia.

Methods

In order to conduct the research in an effective manner, the researcher has used a secondary source of data collection. The researcher has gone through various news articles and journals that provide a complete detail about the effects of terrorism in the world and in Australia. The research has been done by checking websites that provide detailed knowledge about the procedures and solutions that need to be done during an act of terrorism. The secondary data of analysis is done in order to get complete details about the topic. Primary data collection has been avoided as most people remain reluctant to talk about the ill effects of terrorism. After gathering the data for relevant websites such as NewsComAu, the researcher expects to analyse the data by comparing old and new facts. The comparison is made in order to understand the ways by which terrorism have evolved over the years. This can help in providing suggestions about the ways by which the Government of Australia can prevent the attack of terrorism in the country. While collecting the data, the researcher had to face certain ethical issues. These issues need to be abided by in order to cond uct the research in an ethical manner. Some of the issues include avoiding collection of information in a forceful manner. Many websites required an access permission in order to view the contents. Some websites remain blocked in order to maintain the confidentiality of information. Adopting unfair means to derive information from these websites is an ethical priority was needed to be considered by the researcher.

Analysis

Based on the research questions and the data collected by using secondary sources, the analysis is done in order to understand the effects of terrorism in Australia. The act of terrorism all over the world has resulted in an increased interest in the matter. The threat of terrorism is a new phenomenon in Australia. However, in the recent years and in the past, countries around the world have witnessed the destruction and terror that are caused by terrorism. Some of the examples of terrorist attacks that have made an impact in the lives of the people include the 9/11 attack on New York, the Paris attack, the continuous attack on Israel. Kellner (2015) stated that an individual or a group of people causes terrorism. In order to create mass impact in a country a considerable amount of research is required. Pietsch and McAllister (2012) stated that one of the major reasons behind terrorism is the fact that smaller countries tend to gain power and control over the larger dominating countries. Other scholars suggest that terrorism is an act of revenge that is inflicted by members of one country in order to create fear in the mind of the people of other countries (Canetti et al. 2014). Both these causes indicate to the political turbulence that exists between the countries and within a particular country.


Nacos (2016) stated the example of Thailand where terrorism occurred against the Government due to matters related to politics and religion. In the case of Australia, it is the attitude of the Government against terrorism that needs to be addressed. The Australian Government is of the view that the country is free from the immediate danger of terrorism. This is because most of the terrorist attacks in the past one year have resulted in the Western countries like the UK or USA or France. The scenario in Australia is such that it is ranked 59th in the list of most impacted countries in the world (NewsComAu 2017). The country lies in the middle of the table and is affected less by the impact of terrorism in the global world. The ranking of the country is not a factor that needs to be worried about but the impact of that may be caused due to the sudden act of terrorism may have a severe impact on the country.

In this regard, it is necessary that proper precautions be taken by the Government in order to prevent the attack of terrorism. In the present scenario, such actions are not taken by the Government owing to the low level of threat that the factor possesses on the lives of the people in the country. Laqueur (2016) stated the general cause of terrorism is an entry of people from different nations. It has been evidenced from past terrorist attack that people entering a country as immigrants have formed a terrorist group and attacked that country. This group is caused due to political or ethical issues that are protested by the people in a violent manner. As evidenced by the words of Combs (2015), a sudden attack of terrorism in Australia can be caused due to a large number of immigrants in the country. However, a positive factor in this regard is the fact that the Government conducts a thorough background check of the people that are been given migration certificates.


People visiting the country for an educational and professional purpose are also checked in order to understand the background. This can help the country to remain free from terrorism activities (Hunter, Bennett and Robbins 2016). Based on the evidence it can be said that despite a proper background check, the act of terrorism cannot be maintained in an efficient manner. This is because certain sentimental and grave factors trigger the idea of terrorism in the mind of people. Factors such as religion or racial abuse can lead to an act of terrorism. An example can be sorted based on this statement. In 2015, two people due to some racial or religious context gunned down a local police officer of New South Wales. However, both the teenagers were ultimately caught and a shootout led to the deaths of the people. This incident caused panic in the mind of the people and the Government and the local police checked every immigrant from a particular ethnicity thoroughly. According to Yap (2014), this act proves that background check of the people is not a feasible option for the prevention of terrorism. Hence, proper prevention techniques are needed in order to combat such activities and maintain the peaceful nature of the country.

As stated earlier, the mere background check of an individual is not a reliable method for preventing the act of terrorism. The Government need to formulate strategies that can help in preventing and countering the violent act. In this regard, certain laws are established that punish the people indulged in the act of terrorism (Dunn et al. 2016). These laws are formulated by the Government and constitute the punishments that need to be imposed on the people. However, it is necessary to identify the act of terrorism before implementing the punishment. The offences that may lead to the identification of terrorism include the plan and preparation of terrorism act, providing or receiving information from terrorist gangs and so on. Committing these offences willfully or under the influence of others can lead to the breach of Criminal Code Act of 1995. Under this, a person may be sentenced to death or receive lifetime imprisonment for violating any of the above restrictions. Bader and Berg (2014) suggested that this law could help in creating awareness among the people of the country in lieu of the act of terrorism. The anti-terrorism act also focuses on other suspicious movements that may lead to the loss for the country. According to Jackson and Hall, (2016), it focuses on identifying any organisations that are set up for the sole purpose of indulging in terrorism, cyber crime terrorists and financial terrorists.

Gaibulloev, Piazza and Sandler (2017) stated that it is the Role of the Australian Federal Police to investigate these matters and ensure that the country remains safe from such acts. Preventing the use of the laws on a person is the primary necessity of the Government. In this regard, the background check of the individuals is required before providing citizenship of the country (LaFree, Dugan and Miller 2014). This can help prevent terrorist or people suspected of being a terrorist to enter the country. Hence, the laws and the roles played by the Australian justice system can help in the prevention of any terrorist attack in the country. It is for this reason that the possibility of terrorist attack is as low as 4% in the country as compared with countries around the world (Byman 2014).

Conclusion

Hence, it can be concluded that terrorism is a brutal act that causes political, economic and environmental damage to a country. The political attitudes and the attitudes on immigrants are changed due to the cause of terrorism. Australian Government needs to adopt the methods in order to prevent any damage caused by the act of terrorism. Reports suggest that with the increase in technology, terrorist gangs gave an easy access to the knowledge required to gain access in a country. This is a major concern for the people as technology is an important part of the modern world. The data provide a clear understanding of the impact of terrorism and the ways by which it can be prevented or countered. However, while conducting the research, the researcher had faced certain limitations. One such limitation included the inability to access protected and restricted websites. Due to the ethical consideration, the researcher was unable to derive information from these websites. Another limitation faced by the researcher is the lack of primary data. Secondary data does not always give a full detail or a firsthand account of an individual. In order to understand the effects on a practical level, firsthand information was required from the people witnessing such attacks. The research also needed a lot of expense as the purchase of books and use of websites needed financial assistance. Despite these limitations, the research was conducted successfully and the facts presented in the report are genuine.

Reference

Bader, B. and Berg, N., 2014. The influence of terrorism on expatriate performance: a conceptual approach. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 25(4), pp.539-557.

Byman, D., 2014. Attitudes Toward Political Violence: Religion and Terrorism.

Canetti, D., Russ, E., Luborsky, J., Gerhart, J.I. and Hobfoll, S.E., 2014. Inflamed by the flames? The impact of terrorism and war on immunity. Journal of traumatic stress, 27(3), pp.345-352.

Combs, C.C., 2015. Terrorism in the twenty-first century. Routledge.

Dunn, K.M., Atie, R., Kennedy, M., Ali, J.A., O’Reilly, J. and Rogerson, L., 2016. Can you use community policing for counter terrorism? Evidence from NSW, Australia. Police Practice and Research, 17(3), pp.196-211.

Gaibulloev, K., Piazza, J.A. and Sandler, T., 2017. Regime types and terrorism. International Organization, pp.1-32.

Hunter, L.Y., Bennett, D.J. and Robbins, J.W., 2016. Destabilizing effects of terrorism on party system stability. Terrorism and Political Violence, pp.1-21.

Jackson, R. and Hall, G., 2016. Talking about terrorism: A study of vernacular discourse. Politics, 36(3), pp.292-307.

Jongman, A.J., 2017. Political terrorism: A new guide to actors, authors, concepts, data bases, theories, and literature. Routledge.

Kellner, D., 2015. Media spectacle and the crisis of democracy: Terrorism, war, and election battles. Routledge.

LaFree, G., Dugan, L. and Miller, E., 2014. Putting terrorism in context: Lessons from the Global Terrorism Database. Routledge.

Laqueur, W., 2016. A History of Terrorism: Expanded Edition. Transaction Publishers.

Nacos, B., 2016. Mass-mediated terrorism: Mainstream and digital media in terrorism and counterterrorism. Rowman & Littlefield.

NewsComAu. (2017). Australia’s light red shading on this map should give us pause for concern.. [online] Available at: [Accessed 28 Aug. 2017].

Pietsch, J. and McAllister, I., 2012. Terrorism and Public Opinion in Australia. Identity, Fear and Governance in the 21st Century, p.79.

Yap, G., 2014. The moderation effects of political instability and terrorism on tourism development: A cross-country panel analysis. Journal of Travel Research, 53(4), pp.509-521.

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