Term Of Tourism And Hospitality Management Essay


Discuss about the Term Of Tourism And Hospitality Management.


Expected areas where customer service is above average

The organization achieves customer satisfaction by examining that its services are satisfying their requirements and anticipations and the possibilities to acclaim the organization to others. So, customer satisfaction has become a benchmark to measure the health of the industry.

Our Weakness

As China is the most valued customer of Australia in terms of tourism and hospitality, the Australian hotels need to upgrade themselves to meet the requirements of the Chinese customers. (Featherstone, 2015).There has been shortage of staff in the organization due to high penalty rates on weekends.

Strategies to turn best customer services into competitive advantage and minimizing the limitations

According to Dupeyras & MacCallum (2013), the main source of revenue is generated by the tourists who stay in our hotel. So, the main focus should be to attract more visitors by providing facilities which match the international bench marks.

Another policy to overcome the weakness is to develop resources which represent our culture in a creative form. This will enable the tourists to enjoy their stay in our hotel. Moreover, they would recommend others thereby improving our accreditations.

Personal characteristics the organization will seek in staff to deliver customer services at the desired level

One of the important aspects of providing good customer service is to maintain an amicable and cooperative atmosphere with the visitors .The staff should have good communication skills. It should ensure that the visitors should not face any inconvenience.

Elements the organization will hire such as versus elements as extras and add ons

The management aspiring to appoint the personnel for the organization should seek for additional qualifications such knowing various languages and having wide experience in handling international customers. Also, he must have technical knowledge and should be innovative in handling the problems faced by the management in its daily routine.

Attributes which helps the sustainable tourism organization to hire the right person for establishment

The organization seeks certain characteristics while hiring the employees such as good interpersonal and technical skills .They should be aware of the rules related to safety and hygiene as they serve food and services to people where they spend time.

Initiatives which are important for an employee to join the sustainable tourism organization

There are certain qualities which are mandatory to get hired in our organization such as the employees should be dedicated towards serving the customers. They should develop good communication skills. It will help in enhancing the relations with the clients.

Customer service provisions in travel and tourism organizations to meet the individual needs of different types of customers

The company should maintain the provisions to cater to the needs of the specific consumers. Some of them aspire for high standards of service while others want to enjoy the nature and culture of the country. (ACS Distance Education, 2018).


List of Requirements, Licenses, Support Info, Timeframes (Validity or due dates) and Penalties


Requirements & Contact

Food Business

Notification Form to the Council

Establishing a new business

Development Council

Release sewage

Application for approval to release sewage

Customers dinning outside


Sole Trader

Australian Business Number

For employing workforce

Australian Taxation Office, Return to Work SA & Revenue SA.


Music license for APRA/ AMCOS/PPCA


Application for Liquor license to Consumer and Business Services (Department of State Development, 2016).


According to Ali & Solaiman (2013), the penalty for breach of the legislations is $ 151.67 per unit. It is indexed yearly, so that it is raised with inflation.

Licensing, Legal Requirements and Permits identified for the Food Business

There are several legislations applicable to the food business. Some of them are:

(a) The regulations related to food industry in Australia are The Food Act 2001, Food Regulations 2002, Food Safety Standards. The laws which govern the food standards relate to the explanation and implementation of the food standards, the hygiene practices and the common requirements and those related to machinery and property.

(b) All the new establishments have to inform the Council’s Environmental Health Officers about their commercial and communication particulars and register it with Return to Work SA within 14 days .Once it is executed , a confirmation letter and Certificate of Registration ,which prescribes the class and code, the taxes applicable and the premium rate ,will be received .

(c) The Australian Taxation Office (ATO), levies penal punishments if proper accounts are not maintained.

(d) Several licenses regarding playing of music, liquor and food license are required.

Requirements to comply with the Food Act and the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code

According to Food Standards (2015), they set the requirements to put the label on the food which is sold either to a caterer or for retail sales. Furthermore, the name of the food and its ingredients are also required to be stated on its label. The suggestions, food manufacturing date, instructions for use and preservation, its components, the permitted level of contaminants used in the food, the edibles requiring pre market clearance and the permitted microbiological limits in the food are the main contents of the regulations.

Food Act at state and local levels

As per Australian Institute of Food Safety (2016), the establishments should adhere to the state legislations to comply with the requirements of the Food Safety Act. It mentions certain food safety programs, application to the local council and comprehends the food safety laws to ensure the safety and health of the consumers.

Procedures and Requirements to extend a Liquor License

The licenses are renewed by 31 December of every year regardless of when they are permitted. It can be renewed till 30 June. The owners of the licensed establishment, the mortgagee of the licensed premises and any person who is influenced by the inability of the licensee to pay the renewal fee are some exceptions to this rule. It is applicable only from 1 July to 30 September. After 1 October, the owners have to apply for a new license for supplying liquor.

Legislative Requirements for Liquor License

For obtaining liquor license, the prior approval by the Consumer and Business Services has to be obtained through an Application for Liquor License (on the establishment).

All types of Insurance which the organization will require

There are different types of insurances such as Asset and Revenue insurance which covers:

  1. Vehicle Insurance
  2. Third party Insurance
  3. Building Insurance
  4. Theft Insurance
  5. Stock Insurance
  6. Farm Insurance

Legal Tax Obligations and Penalties which apply for failing to comply with these


Tax Obligations

Wages below $ 50,000 per month

The super guarantee paid is 9.5 % of the Ordinary Time Earnings to Australian Taxation Office (ATO).

The worker’s compensation should be % of the salary/ wages. It should be paid to Return to Work SA.

Wages above $ 50,000 per month

The Payroll Tax registration and worker’s compensation should be the % of salary/wages. The Payroll Tax registration is computed above the limit. It is paid to Revenue SA.

Superannuation guarantee should be 9.5 % of their ordinary time earnings and it is paid to the ATO.

Requirements to comply with the National Employment Standards and EEO aspects considered while recruiting staff

The NES has prescribed certain rules for the organization such as Maximum weekly hours, Annual leave, Maternity leave, Compassionate leave, Long service leave, Public holidays, termination procedures and Fair work Information Statement.

Equal Employment Opportunity and Anti-Discrimination

The Australian Human Rights Commission and the Fair Work Ombudsman has provided certain guidelines for the employers and employees on averting discrimination on the work place. So, there are prescribed guidelines such as employing staff fairly, prohibition on discrimination and equal employment opportunities etc. (Fair Work Ombudsman, 2018).

WHS requirements for establishment

Work Place Health and Safety Standards are guidelines regarding the health, safety and compensation services.

Areas requiring the provisions for risk management and identifying the areas which require specialist legal advice.

According to Food Standards (2013), Food Standards Australia New Zealand Risk Analysis in Food Regulation (FSANZ) prescribes the Codex risk analysis framework in the context of nutrition which evaluates, manages and exchanges data about the risk to the various stakeholders.

The areas requiring legal advice are investigation of the food related public health and safety hazards and continuous vigilance of the food production processes and analyzing the level of hazardous contents such as lead, mercury in it.


ACS Distance Education (2018). Special Interest Tourism. Retrieved from

Ali, A., N., M., A. & Solaiman, S. M. (2013). Food Safety Offenses in New South Wales, Australia: A Critical Appreciation of Their Complexities. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety.13.

Australian Institute of Food Safety (2016). Laws & Requirements. Retrieved from

Australian Trade and Investment Commission (2016). Literature review –tourism and hospitality careers international benchmarking. Retrieved from

Department of State Development (2016). A guide to starting a restaurant, caf? or take-away. Retrieved from

Dupeyras, A. & MacCallum , N. (2013). Indicators for measuring competitiveness in tourism: A guidance document. OECD Tourism Papers, 2013/02. OECD Publishing.

Fair Work Ombudsman (2018). National Employment Standards. Retrieved from

Featherstone, T. (2015). Is Australian tourism in danger of missing a boom. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved from

Food Standards (2013). Risk Analysis in Food Regulation. Retrieved from

Food Standards (2015). Food Standards Code. Retrieved from

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