Federal Communications Commission is the organization, which regulates the communication system of United States of America. Apart from internet and newspaper most of the communications is under this organization. Most of the electronic means is under the category of telecommunications. Liberalization in the telecommunication industry in the United States has been from the year 1956 and granted in 1959. The major look out of the present study is the telecommunication industry. This includes the integration of the entire process along with the incorporation of the regulation by the regulatory authority (Belcourt et al. 2013). The study necessarily deals with the human resource management and the statistics of the industry. This includes the inclusion of the right ideas that would be helpful in fostering the sector shortly.
a) Literature review
The following points reflect about the literature review of the telecommunication sector in United States.
Telecommunication Regulation in the United States
The major aspect of the telecommunication sector includes two essential factors mentioned in the following:-
This is for the idea of proper surveillance and the implementation of the right techniques required in the industry. To control the local competition process, the most important aspect of the authority is to monitor properly. This helps in the integration of the entire system. The creation of the field is the most important work along with the regulation and the barriers to the entry. In this regard, Ulrich (2013) opines and reflects the idea that centralized authority is important to know about the status quo of the dominant organizations at the local level. To facilitate deregulation of the local organization and to enhance the regulatory edges of creating a homogenous rule the crucial aspect is to delay increased competition. In most of the cases, heterogeneous rules make the rise of issues within different levels of the organization.
Promotion and liberalization process-
Mitchell (2013) mentions that in liberalization the best process that is helpful in creating productivity in the use of rapid development process. With the advent of the liberalization process, it is crucial to note the fact that most of the internet access is one of the viable options, which helps in channeling most of the information around the world. This is one of the major aspects that have been helpful in understanding the state of the telecommunication system of U.S. most of the revolutionary change is due to the digitization. This has helped in fostering the prospect of the telecommunication industry of the country.
Technological change in telecommunication sector
Armstrong & Taylor (2014) refers technology has played the pivotal role in dealing with the reduction in the cost of transmission. With the help of computers and the integrated circuits, it is feasible to create the tight connection. The World Wide Web is one of the crucial areas that helps in the enhancing the interfaces. This is the result of the digital convergence, which helps in the competition, and the analysis of the telecommunication condition. Arbitrage of the prices is important to deal with the digitization and the implication of the transmission process.
Voice telephony and video conferencing are the prime areas in which technology and telecommunication have amalgamated the major ideas successfully. The changes of the cost incurred in the entire process have been one of the most important aspects to help the citizens of the country. The price has reduced drastically.
It is important to note that internet users in the world America constitutes a high percentage of the user. This is essential because of the process of liberalization and globalization. The most important aspect is to understand the service and dealing with the service effectively (Belcourt et al. 2013). The collection of the revenue over the years that is from 1959 has been one of the major aspects that led to the growth of the economy of the country. On the contrary, it is also important to analyze that the authorities and the centralized system has been mostly effective in channeling most of the prominent service in telecommunications (Davenport, 2013).
The 1996 Telecommunications Act And Its Impact And Its Impact
This has been one of the major acts in the history of the Unites States, which has been effective in reducing the process drastically. Pringle & Starr (2013) opines that this has been beneficial for the consumers along with the equipment manufacturers. The act was ropers with the key idea of changing the perception of the consumers and regulating the artificial barriers. This act has played the pivotal role in both the behavioral and structural goal of the organization. This act has been further successful in reducing the regulations, which is set in the competition and the entry. Cost-based pricing is the key idea, which was generated through The 1996 Telecommunications Act. This reduced the chances of discrimination along with the local markets in the telecommunication (Langston & Lauge-Kristensen, 2013).
b) Future possible shifts and Rationale
The future shifts in the telecommunication industry include the following:-
Integration in the Global ground-
The major shift in the sector includes ideas like cloud commuting. This has helped in the integration of the entire telecommunication process. Apart from this the major idea in the inclusion cheap information access in the sector. This helps in enhancing and fostering the local resources. The major association through the local control and assessment would help in enlarging the sector and reaching in the remotest part of the country. It is for the flexible idea of the connectivity that SDN and NFV are used in the telecommunication sector effectively (Jeston & Nelis, 2014). This would enhance the utility of the telecommunication sector largely.
The shift from the craft-based approach to the network design-
The flexibility of the sector is through the predictability in the QoE and the cost. It is the effective method, which helps in understanding the rapid changes and analyzing the cost of the failures. The concept of flexibility has been slow after the immediate advent of the communication system. However, after the liberalization and the improvement in technology the conceptual and the technical foundation have been strong (Griffin, 2013).
Change from the supply driven to demand driven industry- This is the shift, which is for the betterment of the current process along with the future prospect of the sector. Speed is the major criteria these days as it is with the speed ensure customer retention. Not only supply but the demand and the service have to be as per the expectation of the customers. The features and the configuration of the sector have to be perfect. This essentially deals with enabling the services in the right direction (Knapp, Hall & Horgan, 2013).
There is certain shifts, which are required in case of monopoly of the organization that is the structure of the service, nationalization of the infrastructure, taxpayer issues, high bills, stagnation and issues in the digital economy (Miller, 2014). The infrastructure in the telecommunication sector includes the idea of dealing with the cheap information access. This is the platform, which ensures the consumer to proceed in their respective field. This is also beneficial for the large-scale organization as the information could be transferred through easy and feasible means. Affordability has helped not only in the private scenario of the users but for the organizations, which needs to deal with the large-scale production process (Cullen & Parboteeah, 2013).
Rationale behind such shifts
What is the issue – The major issue of the sector is at times the lack of service. This has been enhanced but there remain certain glitches in delivering the right service. In the issue, the service is one of the major issues. In most of the centralized authority, there are certain issues with the flexibility. In most of the cases, it is important to note the fact that most of the issues in the public policy spectrum.
Why is it an issue – It is an issue now as even after liberalization there are certain issues in the sector. America is trying to improve their condition more with transportation system of the sector. The telecommunications issues include public safety, regulation related to transportation, spectrum, homeland security and energy and the environment.
Why is an issue now - It is an issue now as there are certain troubles faced in ITC infrastructure and terms of the social policy, environment and economic benefits. Telematics is one of the key ideas, which require intelligent transportation system, privacy, security and traffic safety.
The current study sheds light on – This study sheds light on the fact about the statistics, which would help in generating the views. The research would find the loopholes of the sector along with the channeling of the proper process. Qualcomm OmniTRACS is a network telephone service, which entails the use of the Service in the process of retail service. The prospect of technology and telecommunications is the major issue, which needs smart technologies.
c) Information for HR Planner
There are different types of information available for the respective HR planner. The HR planner can try to channel the best in the organization with the implementation of the statistics. He/she can make use of the information and the loopholes in the rationale. This highlights the negative aspect of the sector. The HR planner can analyze and understand the issues and problems to solve theme effectively. The most important information according to Holsapple (2013) is the list of the sector and the subdivisions of the sectors. This includes the idea of analyzing the list of the subdivision and the growth in these sectors over the years. The necessity to find HR planner can make use of this information and recommend the best for the organization of or the sector. The analysis entail to find the exact issue and to help in dealing with the loopholes effectively (Jeston & Nelis, 2014).
D) Information fits to Succession planning
The next planning of the Human resource must include the following aspects. This includes the idea of the incorporation of the right strategies at the same time to enhance the services in the years to come.
Digitization process in business- This is the process, which is helpful in creating a core business. The help is derived from the cost savings, consumer satisfaction and enhanced revenue streams. Service automation is the most important aspect along with the straight processing and efficient legacy and architectural implication. The crucial aspects in the planning are to enhance the business and lessen the cost in the organization. The core business management includes attributes like security, safety, scheduling and troubleshooting of the organization (Castells, 2013).
Building the digitized ecosystem- This is one of the key processes, which foster the growth of the organization with the incorporation of the system of acquisitions, joint ventures, and Rand D as part of the internal system. Synergistic and complementary services could be a part of the succession process with the implementation of the digitalization. Like most of the well-known organization in the world most of the organizations need to build the required amount of range for multimedia, communication, shopping, financial offerings and entertainment (Haddow, Bullock & Coppola, 2013).
e) Importance for organizations to identify their requirements for personnel
It is of great essence for an organization to identify every requirement for each personnel existing within the respective organization. The major requirements of the entire process of the ecosystem include the idea tailoring most of the important work. This is the idea of the using the beta-level products along with the secured service and customer demand in business. The planning of the incorporation of digitalization helps in fostering the most important telecom operations. The use of the statistics and fostering the business with the right strategies could be helpful in the importance of the requirements. The authentication and the identification process would enhance the safety of the organization. In the years to come along with the implementation of the technology, the authentication process would be enhanced properly and effectively (Storey, 2014).
Hence, it might be concluded that telecommunication in The US is one of the sectors which has grown over the years. Apart from this, the growth has been important to build the right perception of the customers and the organizations around the world. The right partnership is the pivotal idea along with the increase in the competitive area. It is the digitalization process, which helps in dealing with the growth of the telecommunications effectively.
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