TEENAGE DEPRESSION: CAUSES AND PREVENTIONS
Most of the people feel sad, it is mostly seen in teenagers. If the extreme sadness occurs, so that hopeless, helplessness worthless –ensue for many days or weeks and ends in life – DEPRESSION.
The individuals in the age group of 10 -19 belongs to teenage. As a teenager it is too tough to maintain the situation. There are a lot of changes taking place in the body and brain that builds a huge problem in learning, thinking and behaviors. It is crucial to notice that behavior of unhappy teens might varies as comparing with other non-depressed teens.
It is different from adulthood and childhood depression .Teenage depression is one of the highest of all psychological disorder as increasing in worldwide .In this research we had focused on international students in 1st year whom all are studying medicine at TMA in TBILISI.A recent survey conducted by Mental Health America in 2016 indicate that 1 out of 5 teen is suffering from clinical depression .The girls are the highest risk of this disease. Teenage depression are of four kinds: 1) Bipolar depression. 2) Major depression 3) Adjustment disorder 4) Dysthymia. Depression is not caused by one cause and one single medication is not enough helpful to overcome from that deadly one.There should be some preliminary and error practices so that it is easy to determine which one performance in an appropriate and effective manner.
While conducting this research, we will come across the following research questions:
1) Do you feel that, you have depression?
2) What are the causes that make you depressed?
3) In your opinion how you can manage that?
The research used articles and reports that they fulfill criteria- causes and prevention of teenage depression, diagnosis and different treatments.
Do you wonder whether you are bad tempered or unhappy teenage, might actually experiencing teenage depression? Teenage depression faced by International students is a serious issue, but it can be helped you to know the causes and remedies. In teens signs of depression are much more irritable and they feel a sense of sadness, body pains such as headaches or stomachaches, unable to take criticism and withdrawal from some of their peers or even change their circle of friends and family members. Unrealistic academic, social, or family ambience can make a strong feel of deterioration and can bring about strong disappointment. When things go wrong at college teens usually overreact .Most of 1st years are always in a depressed mood. Thus we had observed mostly those came from India .But those students from other countries like Nigeria, Iraq shows only less depressed as compared with India. Many of them feels that life is unfair or that things "never go their way." They feel tensed and confused. In order to generate stuff worse, students are swamped by conflicting messages from parents, friends and society. Teens see more of what life has to offer — both good and bad — on social Medias. They are also compelled to read about the hazard of AIDS, even if they are not sexually active or testing drugs. There are variations taking place in their body and brain that can affect by virtue of what they grasp, think, and behave. And if they are facing difficult or stressful situations, it is normal to have emotional ascending and descending.
Primary causes of depression among mostly in 1st year students are due to keeping distance from family, parental conflict (with or without divorce)poor social skills, friends (too much intimacy and criticism)",peer pressure, sports, changing hormonal levels in developing bodies and personal life. Its sign includes perception of weakness and despondency, lack of interest",consolidation problems, yearnings and weight changes, anger and anxiety .These students are under the risk of loneliness, alcohol and drug abuse, health complications ",suicide pursuit .While coming to college most of them are engaged in dating, junk food and drinks, over use of drugs and alcohols .Mostly in girls overuse of beauty products ",acne creams are also added in changing hormonal balance that leads to depression.
What to do? When concerned , discussing with them and teachers among colleges ",however both of these groups needed more training in diagnosing this deadly disorder .If there is valid concern, searching help from psychological health specialists is a good idea for treating them, so that most of them can overcome from depression. We have analyzed three different pathways to treat depression .Here as follows:
1) Using cognitive behavioral therapy (recognizing and changing negative thoughts).
2) Using antidepressant medication Prozac.
3) Used combination of medication and CBT.
At last 3 out of 4 (girls and boys from INDIA) are treated by combination medication. So that 80%girls showed changes from situation of moody and cheered up.
Recent study of National Survey of children health 2003, 2007. : Prevalence of current anxiety increased between surveys 3.5 (2007), 4.1% (2011-12).By comparison, prevalence of current depression showed no significant change; 2.5 % and 2.7% [Publisher Kluwer, Apr 25 2018].
When unhappy students admit the demand for aid, they have seized a primary footprint close to rehabilitation. Yet, recognize that petty of them pursue aid on their manner. They may use inspiration from their companions and guide from concerned adults to pursue aid and chase medication instructions. Occasionally, they touch so tensed that may leads to ending their lives. Every year, virtually 5",000 young people, ages 15 to 24, poison themselves. The amount of suicide for already stated age gang has approximately tripled since 1960, accomplishing it the third dominant element of mortality in teenagers and the second prominent element of mortality among college-age youth.
Studies explains that suicide pursuit encompassed by them can be stationed on lifelong dilemma produced by a precise case. Suicidal ones may prospect a transitory position as a perpetual status.The perception of annoyance and sufferings connected with excessive regret may lead to spontaneous, self-disastrous acts. Although students are in moody stage (depressed), they have tenacious pace presuming that their attitude cannot improve. But specialist medication could bring a vivid shock on their lives. It can lay them back on path and make them concern for the future.
• Thus we had analyzed our own most effective ways such that decreased depression in students. Try to make unique companions. Healthy communications with peers are basic to teen’s self-respect and provide an important social mobility.
• Participate in sports, job, school programmers or funs. Staying busy helps the teens to focus on positive activities rather than negative perception or behaviors.
• Join associations that contributes certain activities for teenagers. Special programs that cheers up to the needs of adolescents aid to develop extraordinary interests.
• Ask a trusted grown up (adult) for guidance. When problems are too much to handle alone, teens should not be scared to demand for aid.
https://nsportal.ru/ap/library/drugge/2012/05/08/problems-of-teenagers-in-russia-and-english speaking- countries.