Technology For User In Organization Essay

Question:

Dicuss about the Information Technology For User In Organization.

Answer:

Introduction

Industries involved in the production and processing of products either through generation of new items or value addition are referred to as manufacturing industry. These industries are in charge of big share of the industrial area in developed nations. The final commodity can either act as a finished product for sale to clients or as intermediate product used in the process of production. In this context, some of hardware devices, programs and applications and communication methods used in the manufacturing industry are discussed in details.

Hypothetical Manufacturing Industry

Manufacturing industry requires effective processing and selection of raw materials as well as use of technology to facilitate increased performance.

Eletto is the dominant manufacturer of electric-power machine, producing switch cases, breaker, and switch with a capital investment of 400 million. The firm is a supplement of Nitto Kogyo, Japan’s dominating manufacturer that extends nation-wide. Beside using technology and manufacturing expertise in electrical case and circuit breaker, Eletto employs various technologies of information communication to facilitate activities and management of business of Fujitsu system thus offering appropriate solution. Selected software solutions have been planned in partnership with Fujitsu. The plan was designed to learn the higher level of Eletto’s business functions so as to provide correct assessment on infrastructure of IT for highest effectiveness like production management Prones software, accounting system for Nirvana’s, and human resource management Computer Power. (Mo?ller, 2016)

Hardware in Manufacturing Industries

Hardware in a computer are the devices on which execution of operating system and software application is done and where attachment of peripherals like printers, mice and keyboard is carried out. Other examples of hardware machine include; storage devices, servers, and electronic security utilized in the centers of data of many organizations. Hardware components in the manufacturing industry are becoming smaller and smaller. This is because new technology enhances cost effectiveness in developing increasingly compact size of complex chips. The devices become thinner and lighter. Also convergence of these hardware is enhanced. (Gregory, Nollen, & Tenev, 2009). Some organizations are performing top-level structure, and letting other organizations perform production and more basic structure duties to cheaper labor. Some of the examples of hardware component used in the manufacturing industries include;

PCS- these are desktops and laptops. This hardware is mostly used in manufacturing and should high storage capacity, processing power and power management. These devices are very powerful to take the place of specialized workstations and to use for computer-aided structure, 3-D rendering and molecular modelling. (DiResta, Forrest, & Vinyard, 2015)

PERIPHERALS- A peripheral device is an external item supplemented to a computer like memory stick, new mouse, speakers, printers, monitors and scanners. Other peripherals are internal modem or 3-D video card which are connected into a computer.

SERVERS- servers are the large boxes that acts as glue that supports the internet together. Examples of servers include; web servers, local area network servers, mail servers, wide area network servers, database servers, file servers, among others. Server is involved when two computer devices (clients) join together.

Some of the hardware advantages include: high processing power, backup storage, integration with other manufacturing hardware. However, it has some disadvantages including high initial cost, very limited customization capabilities, needs regular monitoring.

Programs and Applications

With recent advancement in technology manufacturers are now installing software to help in automation of the production processes. Implementing systems that provides an integrated e-commerce, inventory, customer relationship management (CRM), warehouse management, order management, manufacturing execution, MRP (material requirements planning), accounting and financial management platform. Some of the programs and apps used in manufacturing industries include; NetSuite Manufacturing Edition-this program, Fishbowl Manufacturing, uniPoint Quality Management Software among others. (In Bryson, 2015).

These programs have several advantages including; customization of the product to meet manufacturer’s needs, supports customer, has detailed management of WIP, tracking multiple location of inventory and it eases training to the users since the modules are all developed the same. However, it has some disadvantages some requires other software for its execution, complex for small business and hard to use. In addition, terrible time tracking and it is highly costly since, requires an add on so as to integrate scanning of bar code, purchasing of an outside software is required to generate clients reports and lacks the ability to merge reports into single large report.

Communication Methods

Recent electronic systems of telephone switching are based on digital computers that are highly sophisticated and carry out activities like controlling many telephone lines, identifying which lines need service, digits keepings of every telephone number as dialing is performed, required connection set ups, transmitting signals that are electrical to ring the phone of the receiver, managing call continuity, and disconnection of call upon completion. (RAO, & RAJESH, 2009)

Some of the communication methods in a manufacturing industry include: e-mails, internet, mobile apps, mobile networks. (Ahmed, 2012)

Conclusion

In conclusion, use of computer devices in manufacturing industry is associated with several benefits which include; time reduction in production, increased accuracy, minimized human error, less cost due to less safety issues, safety is enhanced, and higher production capacity. However, it is also associated with some disadvantages which include; pollution, less versatility, unpredicted expenses, increased unemployment and initial investment is large.

Recommendation

For a manufacturing industry like ELETTO it is important for it to consider a lot of aspect when selecting hardware, programs, apps and communication methods to implement. For example, for hardware it should be powerful, that is, high memory capacity, processing power, and integration abilities. In addition, programs and apps should be meeting the industry objective for instance uniPoint Quality Management Software is appropriate for any product manufacturers in any mode of manufacturing. It assists in managing key operations like document control, to-do lists, non-conformances, customer service, preventive actions, devices management among others. Also communication methods should be convenient for all the employees from the top management to the low level employees. Choosing internet or e-mail as a form of communication may not be appropriate especially in times of crisis like power outage or internet disconnection. A method like using mobile networks will be convenient.

References

Ahmed, E., (2012). "Malaysia’s Food Manufacturing Industries Productivity Determinants," Modern Economy, Vol. 3 No. 4, pp. 444-453. doi: 10.4236/me.2012.34057.

DiResta, R., Forrest, B., & Vinyard, R. (2015). The hardware startup. Beijing : O'Reilly.

Gibb, A. (2014). Building open source hardware: Manufacturing for the DIY maker movement. Boston: Addison-Wesley.

Gregory, N. F., Nollen, S. D., & Tenev, S. (2009). New industries from new places: The emergence of the software and hardware industries in China and India. Stanford, Calif: Stanford Economics and Finance/Stanford University Press.

In Bryson, J. R. (2015). Handbook of manufacturing industries in the world economy. Cheltenham, UK : Edward Elgar Publishing.

Information Resources Management Association. (2011). Green technologies: Concepts, methodologies, tools and applications. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.

Mo?ller, D. (2016). Guide to computing fundamentals in cyber-physical systems: Concepts, design methods, and applications. Switzerland : Springer.

RAO, R., & RAJESH, T., (2009). "Software Selection in Manufacturing Industries Using a Fuzzy Multiple Criteria Decision Making Method, PROMETHEE," Intelligent Information Management, Vol. 1 No. 3, pp. 159-165. doi: 10.4236/iim.2009.13023.

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