System Development Methodology: Information Technology Essay


Discuss about the System Development Methodology for Information Technology.



This report helps in guiding an information technology professional, so that he can gain a better understanding of several technologies which are relevant for the software development methodologies or system development methodologies. In this study, research is done to find out the best or suitable platform for software development methodologies.

Selected platforms

(ASD) Adaptive Software Development, created by J. A. Highsmith, provides an agile and versatile way to deal with rapid as well as high-changing programming ventures. It is generally difficult to arrange effectively in a quick moving and erratic business environment. In the ASD platform, static plan-outline life cycle is interchanged by the dynamic life cycle (Chandra, 2015).

Extreme Programming platform (XP): XP stage ought to have a customer on the location, who decides and sorts out work for a group, and additionally, who can unquestionably answer the inquiries whenever they emerge. XP platform is effective as it stresses consumer loyalty. It helps in delievering the services as and when required rather than on some date for the future use and hence this procedure provides the software to the clients as and when required.

Scrum: Scrum is an incremental, iterative procedure for building up any item, as well as, dealing with any sort of work. Scrum platform focuses on how colleagues ought to work in order to adapt to the continuously changing environment. Toward the end of each iteration, it creates a potential arrangement of functionality (Gonzalez-Perez, McBride and Henderson-Sellers, 2005).

Features and advantages Comparison


Key Points


Identified weakness


Adaptive culture, coordinated effort, mission-driven, iterative growth and development

Organizations are surely seen like adaptive framework. Helps in deaking with an emergent order out of the network of interconnected people.

ASD platform is more about the culture as well as concepts than a software rehearse practice.


XP platform is client driven development, very small teams, and daily builds

the progressing upgrade of the framework to enhance its execution as well as responsiveness to the change

While singular practices are appropriate for some circumstances, general perspective and administration practices are being given less consideration.


Scrum is independent, short, selforganizing advancements and development teams, thirty-days release cycles.

Uphold an outlook change from the repeatable and characterized to the innovative item improvement perspective (Loftus and Ratcliffe, 2005).

Scrum:While the scrum details within the particular how to oversee the thirty-days release cycle but integration as well as acceptance tests or experiments are not definite.

Industry sectors and segments

XP platform was likewise established to solve the issues of the task or different dangers of projects. If the organizations clients require another framework by a particular date the chances are high for projects breakdown. As more commercial enterprises move from diminishing the projects and expanding the return situations and conventional programming administration practices will be deficient to meet the test requirements. From a reasonable point of view, ASD depends on complex versatile frameworks hypothesis, which is used to reform the comprehension of material science, advancement, as well as, financial aspects (Pfleeger, 2000). XP platform designed like a collaborative effort between organizations and their clients, XP platform brings together a suitable design ideas, security, as well as, flexibility of the organizations relational database, as well as, XP platform creates the platform that will expand with organizations future. Scrum platform is utilized in the industry segments where the meetings is initially attended by clients, users, management, as well as, Scrum Team members where the set of objectives, as well as, functionality are decided on.


XP platform has advanced from the issues created by long improvement cycles of conventional advancement models. The XP platform procedure can be described by short improvement cycles, incremental arranging, constant criticism, dependence on correspondence, and transformative outline. With all other qualities, XP software engineers react to changing environment with a great deal of more fearlessness. Scrum platform does not need any particular programming advancement strategies or practices to be utilized. Rather, it requires certain practices and methods of management in various cycles of Scrum for avoiding all types of confusion and complexity. ASD platform concentrates more on results, as well as, their quality than the procedure utilized for delivering the outcomes (Sachdeva, 2016).


There are few recommendations for new platform implementation:

  • There is a need for constantly deliverable first-rate esteem to the cash. Therefore for implementation of new platform deliverable, first rate esteem cash is utilized.
  • There is a need to focus on dynamic consumer investment.
  • For implementation, each LD procedure needs to be collaborated.
  • There is a need to determine the innovation for the implementation.
  • The LD should never be pushed beyond the limits.

Chosen Platform

XP platform: This platform is the lightweight platform for system development, however, has some special elements. The most important or special component is the ability to postpone the coding until the experiments have been created first. XP platform strategy likewise utilizes audits or examinations. Sometimes, pair writing computer programs are utilized with XP platform, however, not very often. Nature of the programming of XP, which is system development methodology is a noteworthy objective of the XP strategy. The fundamental objective of XP platform is to bring down the expenses of programming necessities. With conventional framework and advancement techniques, similar to the Waterfall Methodology, the necessities for the framework are resolved and frequently "solidified" toward the start of the system development methodology with the help of XP platform. This implies that the expenses of changing the prerequisites at a further stages in the tasks of system development is something that is exceptionally high in this present reality (ZHOU, 2005). One of the primary difference in the distinctive platforms of system development methodologies is a range of a development group. XP platform and Scrum platform concentrates on little groups and ideally have team of maximum ten designers. ASD platform is fit for up to hundred engineers. When software development group size gets bigger, documentation amount is prone to expand, in this way making the task "less agile". At the point when development team of organization surpasses the twenty engineers, agility' must put an incredible arrangement into taking care of correspondence issues.

Reasons Extreme Programming platform is most suitable as compared to other platforms:

Small releases: An XP platform can be released quite often with various enhancements that come gradually with time.

Metaphor: With the help of single metaphor, the developers and software engineers can forsee as to how the project will come out to be in future.

Collective possession: In XP platform, any individual member of the project can modify the coding at any step of the project as long as the rest of the steps get completed.

Coding standard: Formats, as well as, styles of coding, should be similar with a specific end goal to empower all the project memebers. The reason behind this is thatmodification in any piece of coding is possible by any member at any time.

Simple design: Unlike ASD and Scrum platform XP platform always search for framework usage that is as simple as could be allowed for execution of the framework yet meeting all requiremets.

XP platform is an incremental, as well as iterative process. the tasks are isolated into littler "small activities" which bring about an addition to usefulness, the purported discharge. A discharge is a form of the arranged framework that bodes well. All components that are a piece of the discharge are actualized totally. XP platform venture makes the frequent releases keeping in mind the end goal to pick up criticism early, as well as regularly. Consequently, the discharges incrementally build the craved usefulness. Therefore, pricing for the XP platform is much more feasible than the other two platforms (Loftus and Ratcliffe, 2005).Further, as indicated by the William, XP platform colleagues spend a couple of minutes on programming, couple of minutes on venture administration, a couple of minutes on configuration, a couple of minutes on input, and a couple of minutes on group building commonly every day. The expression "compelling" originates from taking these judicious standards and practices to amazing levels.


In this study, it has been recommended that the XP platform is the most suitable software program that is intended to improve programming and responsiveness according to the changing buyer necessities. This study recommends XP platform advocates constant "discharges" in the brisk improvement cycles, therefore, it should enhance profitability and present checkpoints at which new client necessities can be received. Over the span of XP platform activities, each group part must adapt the parcels. Therefore, XP platform exists in the dispersion of data all through the team. The XP practices are set up to reduce the danger and improve the probability of success. For the product advancement group, in any case, that isn't generally simple. On an extensive scale extension, a noteworthy movement in client interest can infer real recording endeavors. XP is an endeavor to handle these issues utilizing a blend of best works by concentrating on transit programming in the working environment. In spite of the way that the arrangements and practices are not new, they are used in a significantly more strict style. This is specifically credible for the Pair Programming, Refactoring and Unit looking. It is more noteworthy and better than a "routine" technique, mainly because of strong accentuation on cooperation, discussion and helping each other. It has been concluded that it is important to adopt XP platform in the genuine venture as to completely comprehend, as well as, assess it.


Chandra, V. (2015). Comparison between Various Software Development Methodologies. International Journal of Computer Applications, 131(9), pp.7-10.

Gonzalez-Perez, C., McBride, T. and Henderson-Sellers, B. (2005). A Metamodel for Assessable Software Development Methodologies. Software Qual J, 13(2), pp.195-214.

Loftus, C. and Ratcliffe, M. (2005). Extreme programming promotes extreme learning?. SIGCSE Bull., 37(3), p.311.

Pfleeger, S. (2000). Adaptive Software Development [Books]. IEEE Spectr., 37(5), pp.10-14.

Sachdeva, S. (2016). Scrum Methodology. International Journal Of Engineering And Computer Science.

Zhou, Z. (2005). Perfect Ball in Nature—On Software Development Methodologies for Distributed Systems. Journal of Software, 16(12), p.2166.

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