Stakeholders In The Construction Industry Essay

Question:

Identify the involvement of the stakeholders in the Construction Industry and the knowledge mapping of these Stakeholders at the each phase of the Construction.

Answer:

Introduction

Construction industry projects are the most difficult projects that need skilled teams in the execution of these projects. This report outlines the knowledge map oof the Stakeholders in the construction project as well as the self assessment of the project teams. Stakeholder management is a very important to for the effective communication as well as for the sharing of the knowledge and the skills. The objective of this study is to identify the involvement of the stakeholders in the construction industry and the knowledge mapping of these stakeholders at the each phase of the construction. Stakeholder refers to an individual or a group of people or the organization who is affected by or affect or pretend to be affected by the other activities In the project. Stakeholders of the construction project include many people, like project managers, designers, architects, builders, property owners, suppliers, competitors, shareholders and other professionals (Yun, 2008).

In the construction projects, there are two types of the stakeholders – internal and external stakeholders. The internal stakeholders refer to the team of the project that involves designers, contractors, managers , programmers. etc, whereas the external stakeholders are the suppliers, competitors, government bodies, labor unions as they are not directly involved in the construction project.

Project scope

The scope of the this project is wide as this is based on the promotion of the Australian institute of the building and the career opportunities in the construction industries. The Australian based construction industry aims at the knowledge mapping of the different stakeholders in the construction projects. There are many functional roles are played by the different stakeholders and the success of the construction is highly dependent on their roles and the effective communication between them.

Identification of the Stakeholders

The following table represents the process of identification of the stakeholders for the construction projects. The following table is an IPO program that indicates the input , process and output that involves the number of activities (Lee & Lin, 2004).

Inputs

Process

Output

Brainstorming

Market research

Environmental factors

Organizational process assets

Meetings

Procurement documents

Identification of the Stakeholders of the AIB (Australian institute of the Building)-

Designers

Customers

Property owners

Contractors

Project managers

Stakeholder registration

Growth of the Construction Industry

Assessment information generated

Stages of the construction projects

There are 4 stages in the construction projects of the AIB and all these stages have different aims and goals. A diagrammatic presentation of these stages is shown in the below diagrams (Guerin, 2012). These stages include Feasibility stage, Pre construction stage, construction stage and the handover stage.

Feasibility stage


Pre construction stage

Construction stage

Handover stag

Project management team

The project management team of the construction projects of the Australian institute of Building includes the following memebr4s-

Project Manager: - The project manager is the key person in these types of projects as they are the people who have the responsibilities to manage all the activities performed by the other members in the construction project.

Employees: - The employees of the Australian institute of Building (IB) need proper training to perform their tasks. The training is must educate them with regard to their tasks and their duties towards the work assigned to them (Munns & Bjeirmi, 1996).

Customers: - Every customer want the quality services from the construction industries that add value to their money.

Property owners: - Every construction industry needs to communicate with the property owners with regard to the planning and profits on the investments. The knowledge sharing of the plans and the processes is very important between the construction industry and property owners.

Shareholders: - The need of the shareholders is to have the full knowledge about the operations of the Australian institute of the building (AIB) so that they will be able to understand about the current situation of the business as well as to calculate the profits on the investments.

Environment: - the internal and external environment of the construction industries needs full attention as the main focus is on the waste management and the proper utilization of the resources (Anyanwu, 2013)

Knowledge Mapping

Before entering into the knowledge mapping, it is very important to understand the needs of the company and then identify the knowledge that is available in the construction industry and missing knowledge.

There is a two types of the knowledge in the construction industries and all this available knowledge need proper management as these are an important part of the knowledge mapping. Explicit knowledge refers to the information related to the external environment of the stakeholders whereas the implicit or knowledge is the internal to the environment (Azevedo et al., 2014). This knowledge is related to the employee communication and cognitive skills. It must be duly shared with the members of the construction project for its successful execution.

The information or the relevant knowledge, if not shared, then it will create the knowledge gaps which affect adversely the performance of the construction projects.

Functionality of the Construction project management team: The functional roles are played by the team members according to their skills and experience (Azmy, 2012). The activities of the project management team of the AIB are management of the knowledge, scheduling of the project, utilization of the resources, costs and budgeting, controlling of the documents and orders tracking etc

Best Role- Project manager

As per my personal view, the project manner is the person who can lead the team as he have all the skills and the expertise to handle the activities of the project. It is the responsibility of the project manager to coordinate and communicate with all the members of the project for the successful implementation of the construction projects. The Australian Institute of Building opens a many career opportunities for the project managers for their growth in the future. The project manager has the responsibility to share all the relevant knowledge with the design team, shareholders, property owners and its employees (Fionda et al., 2016). The knowledge sharing and the communication strategies need to be implemented by the project manager and these are the two main aspects of the construction project management.

Conclusion

As in this report I have analyzed the knowledge mapping and the role of the stakeholders in the construction industries. The project manager is the person who has all the qualities and required skills to lead the team of the construction projects. All the leadership qualities and risk taking qualities of the project managers make them capable of being a leader of the projects. However, it is concluded that the communication between the stakeholders is must for the successful implementation of the construction projects as well as for the positive outcomes of these projects. All the stakeholders, project managers, employees, designers, architects, property owners and local authorities have the different task assigned to them as per their skills and knowledge.

References

Anyanwu, C., 2013. The Role of Building Construction Project Team Members In Building Projects Delivery. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM), 14(1), pp.30-34.

Azevedo, R., L, E. & Jungles, E., 2014. A Review of Risk Management in Construction: Opportunities for Improvement. Modern Economy journal, 5, pp.367-83.

Azmy, N., 2012. The Role of Team Effectiveness in Construction Project Teams and Project Performance. Iowa State University, Available at:

Fionda, V., Gutierrez, C. & Pirro, G., 2016. Building knowledge maps of Web graphs. Artificial Intelligence, 239, pp.143–67.

Guerin, D., 2012. Project Management in the Construction Industry, Available at:

Lee, M. & Lin, Y., 2004. The Application of Knowledge Map in Construction Knowledge Management, Available at:

Munns, A. & Bjeirmi, B., 1996. The role of project management in achieving project success. International Journal of Project Management, 14 (2), pp. 81-87.

Yun, G., 2008. The Utility Of Knowledge Mapping As An Approach To Improving Corporate And Project Performance: A Case Study Of A Large South Korean Consulting Firm, Available at:

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