One of the most common problems now-a-days in the airports is blunders in baggage. Enormous and busy airports like Heathrow can handle several million passengers in a year. To handle this huge number of passengers airport authorities build more than one terminals of the airport. With this many passengers, a huge amount luggage come into consideration. Often it has been seen that airports are short-staffed for passenger and baggage handling. For that various problems arise. Passengers have to wait for long time to receive their luggage. This causes many problems for passengers who are arriving as well as departing (Cook et al., 2012). Other issues like in-experienced workers, faulty systems escalate the problems of the passengers further. Terminal 5 had been built by British Airways due to excessive congestion at Heathrow Airport, but the new state-of-the-art facility has faced several issues like baggage problems and others. The purpose of the following report is to find out proper solution to the problems according to the case study.
To understand various type of control the first thing that needs to be cleared conceptually is control. of various function linked with the procedure of monitoring over different activities to keep a check that whether all the activities are progressing according to the plan and to check for any digression of the activities from the projected path. The effectiveness of a control system can be measured from various viewpoints (Davies, Dodgson and Gann 2016). Goals of any organisation are achieved by maintain all the activities in a controlled way. A control system can only be said efficient if it is appropriate enough to complete the objectives of the organisation. More efficiently an organisation fulfils its targets, more efficient its control system is (Skorupski and Uchro?ski 2014). In this discussion three different types of control system have been discussed.
A specific type of control is feed-forward control which acts as a network for processing of signals between the source and the external environment (Graham 2013). In feed-forward control system the variables of control adjustments depend in the procedure information as a quantitative model structure along with the measurements of procedural disturbances (Grundy and Moxon 2013). This control system performs instantly with any disturbance in any process without waiting for any digression that can be occurred within the process. This control acts faster than the feedback control (Rawson, Duncan and Jones 2013).
Following the case study, the implementation of feed-forward control can be suggested primarily. This control acts rapidly before the actual disturbance is occurred. Terminal 5 has been built in order to release the congestion in the airport and diminish the fundamental baggage problems due to short-staffed workers (Britishairways.com, 2017). Terminal 5 of the airport is facing baggage problems even in the ninth day which will affect the reputation as well as profitability of the organisation (De Neufville 2016). Therefore, the problem needs to be sorted out at the earliest and feed-forward system can eliminate those problems faster than the others and diminish passenger frustration due baggage blunders.
Concurrent control is a specific control technique that generates within the procedures of activities. The technique employs the tools of monitoring and direct supervision on the work procedure to prevent the errors those are occurred during the procedure. This control can be identified as quality assurance (?str?m and Wittenmark 2013). This control system evaluates the current activities, incorporates rules and regulations for employee behavioural guidance. The system depends on the standards of performance. This control system can mainly be applied during the activity (Zhang and Wang 2014).
Another important control is feedback control or post-action control. This control evaluates the activities after the completion of the procedure. This control evaluates the end-services or end-products of any organisation as the major focus of this control system is the output of any organisation (Zhang and Wang 2014). The two types of advantages of this control mechanism are firstly, information about the effectiveness of planning and strategies of the manager and the benefits of those is provide through this control and secondly, feedback control supplies the report on the performance of the employees according to the objective of any organisation (El-deen et al., 2016).
Both concurrent and feedback control are not suitable in this case as Heathrow Airport is one of the most renowned airports in the world and the work pressure is huge. Therefore to maintain the reputation and productivity of the airport the problems need to be solved at the earliest.
Toronto Pearson Airport has faced similar kind of problems and neutralizes the problems applying various control measurements. These controls can be identified as concurrent of feedback controls as they are applied after the activity.
Corrective actions are the employment of several activities including the concepts of improvement and productivity enhancement that remove the basic reasons for undesirable or un-comforting situations in an organisation. Different sectors of an organisation need to be associated with this set of plans so that the issues of non-performance within the organisation eliminate quickly (Gil, Miozzo and Massini 2012). These non-performance issues are evaluated by systematic assessment of non-conformance generated due to the complaints from the consumers or clients. The procedures of an organisation are improved by the implementation of these actions (Skorupski and Uchro?ski 2014). Corrective actions are designed by organisation authorities including the members of quality assurance department.
Corrective actions can be classified into two categories, which are basic corrective action and immediate corrective action (Lavin 2013). Basic corrective actions investigate the roots of the problems and fixe those from the basic level of correction (Airways and Williams, 2017). On the other hand immediate corrective actions provide methods for quick fix of the problems that have arrived during any procedure.
In this case study, the implementation way of immediate corrective action is to hire additional staffs in baggage handling at terminal 5. Improved check-in services, updated computer system that can sort out the baggage are the immediate corrective actions. Errors in the computer system must be removed (Grundy and Moxon 2013).
The basic corrective plans that can be applied in this case are to change the way of management of passengers for the flights arriving and departing (Lavin 2013). The procedure of baggage handling needs to be remodelled (El-deen et al., 2016). The staffs need to be properly trained in their departments of work, especially luggage handling. The whole computer system of the terminal should be updated and scanned as no malfunctions can happen.
Baggage problems have occurred at Gatwick Airport due to failure of technical department as well as human errors. The problems have been solved after a certain period of time which places the control activities of the airport in feedback control group.
The controls applied bi British Airport Authority could have been more effective utilizing proper strategies. Terminal 5 is built to reduce the congestion at Heathrow Airport and to give the passengers comfort by improved services (Britishairways.com, 2017). However, the functional design did not align with the objectives. The controlling parameters failed quickly during the first few hours and continued proving the in-effectiveness of the actions and strategies of British Airways.
The fundamental thing that should be done before opening the terminal is to check whether each department is properly staffed and whether the staffs are well trained or not. The computer system should be checked accurately before opening. For this, British Airways should have involved the top IT experts around the country (Davies, Dodgson and Gann 2016). The field testing of software as well as human performance should be done in the other airports so that the authority can understand the impacts and weaknesses and prepare back-up plans (?str?m and Wittenmark 2013). A few other problems that have been noticed are malfunctioned escalators and doors, non-working hand driers and some workers who did not have sufficient knowledge about their work. These issues point out the drawbacks in facilities and in planning British Airways Authority. A test run should have been implied to the terminal to check the pressure handling capacity of the terminal (Gil, Miozzo and Massini 2012). Employees should be distributed into different departments according to the requirement.
There are certain factors that other organisations can learn from this situation like information controlling, benchmarking, control of customer communication and some other. Information controlling is a factor that provides appropriate information, both qualitative and quantitative, to the managers of the organisation about various procedural problems faced by passengers (De Neufville 2016). Managers can have a clear idea about the events those are occurring at the terminal and can understand the deviation in the activities those are following the objectives.
Customer interaction is another major factor. From this case study, a brief overview of the effects of passenger dissatisfaction on the reputation and profitability of British Airports Authority has been obtained (Airways and Williams, 2017). Baggage handling issue is not only the problem, inexperienced staffs, issues in maintenance and technical systems are also key problem factors. Due to various performance issues passengers have faced time delays and several other problems, which affected the overall reputation of the organisation (Rawson, Duncan and Jones 2013). Quality assurance of any organisation depends on this communication with the customers. This interaction should accurately follow the objectives of the organisation (Cook et al., 2012). This communication helps any organisation to find out the drawbacks in its strategy or performance and the organisation can enhance its performance by preparing plans to eliminate the drawbacks.
Benchmarking is another factor that can be determined from this case study. It provides the result of comparison of the business and performance of any organisation with its competitors in order to evaluate the planning process and productivity of the organisation (Graham 2013). This is a performance measurement tool using various indicators and other organisations for comparison. This tool helps the managers to select better techniques to prevent problems in the organisation.
Therefore, from the discussion, baggage blunder issue at terminal 5 of Heathrow Airport is understood. Due to short-staffing, lot of activities in an organisation are subjected to troubles. From the case study, it can be said that the experience among staffs helps an organisation to perform its activities properly and to generate customer satisfaction, which increases the reputation as well as profit of the organisation. It is also seen that for proper working of any sector of an organisation, that sector is needed to be field tested, so that the estimations can be backed up with appropriate data and the organisation can make comparative action plans to eliminate any problems before, during and after an activity.
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