Sociology: Governance Of Biodiversity Conservation Essay

Question:

Discuss about the Sociology for Governance of Biodiversity Conservation.

Answer:

First Task:

ManagementManagement tries to conserve the wildlife diversity of the forest. The protection of forests is significant issue, as the forests are more than a collection of trees. They are the home to majority of the terrestrial biodiversity and the forest ecosystem encompasses complex organisms and living beings. They are extremely diverse and complex habitation, which provides shelter to a large number of living beings (Ormsby, 2013). They also act as a carbon sink and protect the earth from the climatic changes. However, presently the forests are being destroyed and degraded at a very high rate. The deforestation undermines the current biological environment (Gu?ze, 2015). Therefore, it is important to protect the forests from exportation. The lack of space and urbanization is leading towards deforestation. Therefore, wild panda aims to protect the forests at any cost. ‘Wild panda’ realizes that the ancient cultures and civilization gives high importance to trees and forests. The people from these tribes used to worship the forests and respect them. It was derived from the ancient values that forests are necessary for the human survival. Wild panda wants to inculcate the same values to the people.

Mission Statement

The mission statement of the organization is to protect the wild places and forests of the earth. Other than that, the organization also strives to foster the sense of responsibility so that the human beings practice the use of Earth’s ecosystem in a responsible manner. The organization also aims to educate the people to protect and restore the quality of the human environment for the sustainable development (Brockington & Duffy, 2011). It also aims to popularize the values of ancient cultures, wherein people worshipped environment and aim to protect it.

Vision

The vision of the organization is to make the world a better place, so that our future generations can live with the same comfort and natural resources. It strives to create a sustainable and positive environment for the future generations. It also aims to control the environmental changes and the pollution on the earth.

Value

Forests are important resources of the earth. There are a large number of people; living in forest as well as the livelihood of these people is also dependent on the forests. The forests also provide habitat to plants, animals and other natural habitats. Forests are also essential in maintaining the natural cycle, maintaining the water shed and maintaining the supply of the oxygen to the living beings (McBeath & Leng, 2006). Wild panda tries to achieve a balance in the present lives, so that thee human beings can maintain their natural resources. In the following section, the values of the organization and the initiatives to maintain these values have been discussed:

  • Achieving proper solutions, which can limit the speed of climate change:
  • The organization promoted the transition to the clean energy
  • It promote in maximizing the energy efficiencies in different industrial sectors
  • Protecting the natural resources including the land, water and wildlife
  • Protecting the forests and the natural resources so that he earth can withstand the climate changes and the rate and endangered species can be protected
  • Protecting the land, water and the forests from pollution. The organization also strives to increase knowledge for sensitive land use and urban design so that healthy environment can be established.

Second task:

First Theme

In the current times, the deforestation is a major issue. The natural habitation, animals and all the human beings are suffering due to decline in the forests. The forest cover is removed; it deprives the wildlife of their natural habitation. Some of these species are not able to survive the changes. It results in loss of biodiversity, which also increases the fragility for other species. However, despite the negative consequence of deforestation, forests are being cut down for economic benefits. In ancient times, culture has a high impact on the protection of the forests. It can be analysed that the sacred sites are source of biodiversity. Various old cultures and religion emphasize on the protection of biodiversity. It is acknowledged that protection and conservation of biodiversity is important for the long term sustainability (Rajesh, 2016). The ancient cultures have various conservation polices, which are more than just the scientific knowledge. Different cultures have distinct views regarding the protection of environment and the natural resources. However, in the urban environment, the relationship between the human beings and the natural resources has been deteriorated (Parotta, Yeo-Chang, & Camacho, 2016). The human societies accept that there are short terms and marginal negative impact of their lifestyle on the environment; however, it should be acknowledged that the magnitude of global and regional disturbance is limited. The cultural values imbibe the values of forest protection to the people. Therefore, it is important to identify, how cultures imbibed the value of environment protection to the people. The research questions for the organization are:

  • How culture can enhance the sense of environmental responsibility?
  • In the present context, how a conservative culture can be developed?
  • How conservative purposes and rules can be used to protect the environment?

Wild panda can use the principles and techniques of these ancient cultures to protect the environment. It is important to inculcate the principles of environmental protection to the future and the upcoming generations.

Second theme

The correlation between climate change and biodiversity has long been established. The climate always impacts the ecosystems and the species; however, rapid changes in the climate affects the species’ abilities to adapt to these changes. The changes in biodiversity and climate affect the food chain in diversified ways. It impacts the food chain, water resources, medicines and other resources. The biodiversity responds in different ways to the climate change. The scientists and the decision-makers can identify the potential risk to the future and can develop proactive strategies to reduce the impact of climate change on the biodiversity (Bellard, Bertelsmeier, Leadley, Thuiller, & Courchamp, 2012).

There are several components of climate change, which can affect different levels of biodiversity. The climate change can impact the genetic diversity of the population sample as it results in migration of different species. Eventually, it impacts on the resilience of ecosystem. When some species are affected by the climate change, it will eventually impact on other species which depend on them. The climate change can also impact on the species’ food and habitat requirements. There have been several predictions of the climate change such as increased temperature, severe draughts, rise in sea level, decreasing rainfall and lack of water. In the past, there has been significant impact of the climatic changes on the Earth; however, recent changes are more drastic because earth’s ecosystem is stressed by the activities of the humans (Heller & Zavaleta, 2009). The species living near climate niches, species which cannot migrate to new habitats and living in specific climatic conditions are affected by the temperature change. The Wild Panda will explore the changes in the environment and provide strategies to address them. The research questions framed for the research are:

  • What are the diverse impacts of climate change on the biodiversity?
  • How can the impact of these changes bee reduced?
  • What are the strategies, which can be used to control the climate change?

References

Brockington, D., & Duffy, R. (2011). Capitalism and Conservation. John Wiley & Sons.

Gu?ze, M. L.-G.-M.-G. (2015). Shifts in indigenous culture relate to forest tree diversity: a case study from the Tsimane’, Bolivian Amazon. Biological Conservation, 186, 251–259. .

McBeath, G.A., & Leng, T. (2006). Governance of Biodiversity Conservation in China and Taiwan. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Ormsby, A. (2013). Analysis of local attitudes toward the sacred groves of Meghalaya and Karnataka, India. Conservation and Society, 11(2):187-197.

Parotta, J., Yeo-Chang, Y., & Camacho, L. (2016). Traditional knowledge for sustainable forest management and provision of ecosystem services. International journal of biodiversity science and ecosystem services management, 12(1-2):1-4.

Rajesh, B. (2016). Sacred Groves: Floristic Diversity and their Role in Conservation of Nature. . Forest Research, 5:161.

Bellard, C., Bertelsmeier, C., Leadley, P., Thuiller, W., & Courchamp, F. (2012). Impacts of climate change on the future of biodiversity. Ecology letters, 15(4), 365-377.

Heller, N. E., & Zavaleta, E. S. (2009). Biodiversity management in the face of climate change: a review of 22 years of recommendations. Biological conservation, 142(1), 14-32.

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