Architectural critic Paul Goldberg discusses in this passage no less important significance of the internal space than the external form and design. The form creates for what we need architecture, it’s a shelter, habitation, an internal space and the emotions it can bring to a person with the help of light, materials, circulation can be an uncounted amount. Goldberger does not offer an integral theory of architecture, he rather conveys his own professional experience.
“Space is “nothing” – a simple negation substance. That’s why we often do not notice it. But even when we do not give ourselves an account of its availability, Space affects us and is able to determine our state of mind. The architect sculpts from space, as a sculptor – from clay. he works over space, as over a work of art, that is, it seeks with its help to create a definite the mood of the one who goes there” – Jeffrey Scott.
Architectural space is an aesthetic category that characterizes the properties of space, artificially created with the help of architecture. Architecture not only provides a place for shelter and shelter from bad weather, but it is also a reflection of social ideals, historical events and culture of the time. In addition, the architecture, according to the author, is able to exert an emotional and intellectual impact on a person. Light, wall color, flooring and interior details make a person move or stand still, and also cause deep emotional experiences.
The decision to choose as comparison McLaurin Chapel and St Mary’s Church was made for a deeper consideration of the question of how the interior can surprise and how different emotions can evoke, in for seemingly understandable purposes places as a church or chapel. The McLaurin Chapel designed by Gummer Ford and Partners which belongs to University of Auckland was sponsored by businessman Sir William Goodfellow in 1947, as a chapel in memory of his son Fleet Air Arm Pilot Lieutenant Richard McLaurin. The chapel locates on the property of The University of Auckland campus with accesses through the Princes Street or Waterloo Quadrant.
The entire block of this part of the university is fenced with a fence or trees, not striking passers-by, the territory of the university is like a small park among the trees, you can see the Chapel hiding around the twisting branches and lush trees. The main entrance is on the west side and in combination the most prominent for the public part of the whole chapel. Coming to the chapel you can see concrete building divided into two parts, a one – storey part where are study rooms and a kitchen separated by a through the entrance and exit with about a two-storey chapel itself. The chapel is hexagonal with curtain wall windows at the full height of the walls. The use of materials and layout plays a very important role in the impression that shows the exterior appearance of the building. Due to the concrete walls and frequent metal mullions of the windows the structure feels heavy, thorough and monumental even been a small-scale building. As a result of the Chapel to be immersed in trees, the effect of openness and transparency is not observed, which in fact makes it more interesting to see what is inside. Going inside the chapel you immediately find yourself in a through the passage and on the left side behind the glass sliding doors you see a huge and light space in front of you, this is the case when the impression of the exterior different from the interior. Looking at the Sketch 1, sixteen-faced canopy decorated with slightly dark wooden boards seems to soar above you, lightly painted walls and huge windows, contrasting with the floor and the dome create a transparency effect in walls, it feels like you are in the outside under the shelter of a gazebo. Rays of light bite into the windows piercing the space through and through it give warmth and joyful sensation. Paul Goldberg opinion was that space can be organized so that it’s not necessary to move to understand it, this is exactly what happens in McLaurin chapel, you do not want to discover all the space, the volume is on your palm you just have to enjoy it. The organ placed on the pulpit behind the seats it keeps focus on the apse, even organ mostly is the main pride of the cathedrals or churches, in this chapel placing it behind is only benefit, it keeps the space pure and weightless without any heavy distractions.
This chapel, nowadays, meant to serve as a place for students where they can rest morally, pray and study in a relaxed atmosphere, in my opinion, this interior is suitable for these needs. The author said that the building is created in order to limit space, but it is interesting how internal and external sensations swaped because of its materials and trees around makes you experience that you are almost undercover in an enclosed space when the interior makes you feel an absolutely opposite feeling of freedom and space.
In comparison with McLaurin chapel is used the Gothic Revival St Mary’s Church by Benjamin Mountford. In 1860 the Church of St. Mary was founded, but it was small. In 1886 the old church was demolished and the construction of a new church began on site and completed in 1897.The landscape of St Mary’s Church is different from McLaurin Chapel, its located in the open area as a part of Holy Trinity Cathedral in the middle of the busy suburb, nothing prevents the view to this impressive cathedral. The Church flaunts on the street of Parnell, Gothic windows with a stained glass all over the perimeter: long, fully wooden structure which regarded as one of the finest wooden buildings in the world, painted in a light color that is not typical for this style. Entrance portal is from the north part and immediately from the entrance the interior struck by surprise, you enter a large, completely dark church.
The whole cathedral interior and “skeletal system” framework is finished with kauri wood with a red carpet throughout the nave passage, there are not much of a daylight penetration through the stain glass windows that creates glare all over the hall.
This building causes a big contrast in the sensations of a monumental, but bright and quiet exterior, and a sharp, angular, dark interior can be seen referring to the Sketch 2. Feelings experienced inside were controversy, this beautiful and impressive building is fascinating, but at the same time, the combination of colors and design leads to a bit of sadness and melancholy. However, when entering the church, something seems to push you through towards the apse, you want to walk through the nave, turn to aisles looking at the details of the windows and roof ribs parts, see what is going on in each corner of the cathedral that makes staying inside enjoyable adventure to the past years.
After examining McLaurin Chapel in Princes Street and St Mary’s Church it can be noticed that they are absolutely different in relation to the emotions that they evoke in people but the main reason over which the Paul Goldberg reasoned that the interior space is very important and can create a completely different effect in comparison with exterior appearance is observed in both buildings mentioned above. In both buildings, fundamental changes were made with light, materials, use of aperture and circulation, which rascally changed the perception of the buildings entering the interior. However, the importance of the facade and the entire exterior design is undeniable as it is the first thing you see, the exterior makes you decide do you want to follow up and explore more of the building or you will just pass through.
Thus, summing up, I agree with the author that the internal space is capable of affecting a person and introducing him into the state that was conceived by the creators. Giving the great importance to the exterior appearance of a building people do not notice that the feelings that they experienced and their state of mind were created from the inside, from the “soul” of the building which is an important meaning of the architecture. I will draw a line on the fact that all aspects are crucial in the creation of architecture and not only, the interior cannot exist without exterior, just as people can see and feel, therefore it is vital to bring beauty to the outer appearance for our eyes.