Safety Performance Of Construction Companies In Australia Essay

Discuss about the Safety Performance Of Construction Companies In Australia.

Answer:

Emergency lighting and exit signs

In accordance to the Australia building code both class 2 and 7A building just as Hamilton project requires emergency lighting and exit. The provision requires that the lighting system has to be placed:

  • In each stairway, ramp or corridors of fire isolated places
  • In every class 2 and 7A of a storey building that has an area more than 300m2 of floor area.
  • In every single passageway or corridor and room with a floor with more than 120 meters square in a patient care unit for a class 7A health care building.
  • In every single room with public access in a class 7A with floor area of more than 20m2of a storey building.

Exit signs

The building code state with clarity that an exit sign in class 2 and 7A of a building such as Hamilton Project must be in a place that can easily be seen by everyone (Zhang et al, 2013). This should be either on top or beside of every door to or from an enclosed stairway or passage and balcony serving the purpose of an exit.

Smoke detection

The Australian building code part E2 and G3 provide various guidelines on smoke detection and alarm for a class 2 and 7A building and where they are supposed to be placed within Hamilton project plan. It state that the smoke detector should be designed in way that it give the occupant time to evacuate the building safely (Teo & Ling, 2012). The provision state that for domestic dwelling the smoke detection should on the ceiling wherever applicable and wherever not applicable should not be placed more than 300mm from the ceiling. The AS3766 further state that for buildings that has no bed rooms the smoke detectors should be placed on the path of travel of people of any a storey building so as to ensure that the smoke detector alarm is sounded before it makes its way on the people’s paths. The Hamilton project plan, being a class 2 and 7A should thus adhere to the above provisions.

Fire hydrants

For a building whose floor is not more than 500m2, a fire hydrant has to be installed in accordance to the Australia building code (Sacks, Radosavljevic & Barak, 2012). The fire hydrant in whichever the case has to be relevant for it purpose. In accordance to AS 2419.1 the fire hydrants are essential to give access for fire fighters and for storey building, they has to be placed on every floor of the Hamilton project plan. Buildings can share external fire hydrant but where they cannot serve wholly the buildings require an internal fire hydrant put in place to cover the remaining part.

Fire hose reel

For Hamilton building project permits to be activated, the BCA clause E1.4 (b) and (c) provide that fire hose reel is needed in accordance with the type of system which is most relevant to it purpose in the building (Lin & Mills, 2015). The provision EP1.1 of the BCA state that the fire hose reel should be placed where the dwellers of the given building should be able to easily reach it before the fire spreads and be able to first attack the fire. The clause ep1.1 provides that the fire hose reel be installed in accordance to AS2441-2005 of the BCA.

Access

Stair construction

For class 2 buildings just as Hamilton project, the building code of Australia provide not more than 18 and less than 2 risen for every flight and should have at most 3 winders of a quarter landing lieu and at least 6 in every half. The tables below clearly stipulate the landing as per the BCA regulations (Hinze, 2016).

Handrails

According to the BCA D2.17 the handrails in Hamilton project should be put in place to adhere to the acts as per stipulated with reference to AS1657 which say that the rails have to be placed on one side of the ramp or staircase (Lingard & Rowlinson, 2010). But In a situation where the staircase is larger than two meters, the handrails are to be placed on both sides of the staircase and at 865mm at the least in line with the BCA standards. Furthermore the handrail is needed to go along in a continuous manner along the staircase. The primarily purpose for the handrail is for the safety of the users of the staircase.

Disabled access

Part D3 section of the BCA clearly stipulates and outlines the bare minimum requirements for the Hamilton building project as far as the access and movement of disabled individuals within and to the building is concerned. Sanitary facilities access to the disabled within the building is also outlined in line with part F of the CBA disable access. The CBA standards require the Hamilton building project design plan to be in line with the section D3 of the guidelines.

Reference

Hinze, J., 2016. Construction safety. Prentice Hall.

Lin, J. and Mills, A., 2015. Measuring the occupational health and safety performance of construction companies in Australia. Facilities, 19(3/4), pp.131-139.

Lingard, H. and Rowlinson, S., 2010. Occupational health and safety in construction project management. Routledge.

Sacks, R., Radosavljevic, M. and Barak, R., 2012. Requirements for building information modeling based lean production management systems for construction. Automation in construction, 19(5), pp.641-655.

Teo, E.A.L. and Ling, F.Y.Y., 2012. Developing a model to measure the effectiveness of safety management systems of construction sites. Building and Environment, 41(11), pp.1584-1592.

Zhang, S., Teizer, J., Lee, J.K., Eastman, C.M. and Venugopal, M., 2013. Building information modeling (BIM) and safety: Automatic safety checking of construction models and schedules. Automation in Construction, 29, pp.183-195.

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