"road test" Movie Review Essay & Film Analysis

That with sufficient breadth and depth to describe the genesis of military cinema alone Soviet period is not enough for a lifetime. All kinds of films on this subject have already appeared countless, but the idea has not yet been exhausted, and the picture of the Second World War continue to go out with enviable regularity, but, alas, are gradually losing in quality. The point, of course, not only in the fact that the Second World is a key historical event of the past century, but also in the fact that it is an original substance, form of being, enveloping man like a stifling fog, strip off the last all the skins in order to expose itself its deepest essence, truth, veiled guise of false routine.
in 1971, having reached a landmark 33-year-olds director Alexei German decided to reveal a new facet of the war and redirect the vector of development of the Soviet war films in the existential th channel. However, with a satirical film called "Operation" Happy New Year! "Did not fit into the context of collectivist ideology and, according to the then representatives of the Ministry of Culture, leveled the heroism of Soviet partisans. The picture was banned and lay in the recesses of more than fifteen years. However, like the protagonist tape with a talking name Lazarev, in 1985 she had a chance to rise again from the ashes, though under a different name "Checking on the roads».
story is based on, according to the author is not the best, the story of Yuri Herman, the director's father. In the center of the narrative destiny collaborator Alexander Lazarev, who is no longer able to deal with her conscience, decides to surrender to partisans. Naturally, among the unit is waiting for him not a warm welcome. The head of the guerrilla Major Petushki looking for an opportunity to get rid of the traitor, on which precious food translated vain. However, the prisoner stands up for the experienced and aged commander Ivan Lokotkov, who is trying to make out behind involuntarily (sic!) Worn Nazi form the true essence of Lazarev. However, Petushki, angry at everyone apostates who killed his family and Aware of his son, who preferred captivity heroic death, sees the situation in their own way and utverzhaet that "the former traitors" can not be. Lazarev, unable to bear the burden of a betrayal, making a suicide attempt. In the literal sense of the word, since the light draws its Lokotkov and sacrificing both his reputation and position gives him a second chance, charging hero to penetrate the Nazi camp and capture the train with food. "And die Lazarev, it is impossible, and missing the gulf is also impossible."
Note that until 1971, the theme of "traitors" was considered taboo. However, Herman boldly puts it at the center of the narrative, unfolding truly cosmogonic canvas of 'War and Peace' in the human soul. We can say that the linear system of coordinates of the classic war films of the USSR, characterized by the dialectic of heroism and cowardice, strength of will and weakness of spirit, fairness and inhumanity, in the tape for the first time Herman is removed and integrated into a higher order
War -. It is an existential maze from which you can exit only by death, but even this is a saving loophole blocked when a person becomes a traitor, and his death automatically becomes as meaningless and absurd went on, like life. The worst happens - the very existence crumbles to dust, lost a life attitude, and suddenly death in a hail of bullets presents the highest reward. It is difficult to understand the depth and position of despair Lazarev, suddenly found himself learned that his essential being - this being a traitor. Hero gradually descends to the bottom of despair, but suddenly comes salvation ... in the face of Ivan Egorovich Lokotkova.
Lokotkov is the representative and spokesman both folk wisdom and profound morality of the Russian people, rooted in the fog of a thousand years of Christianity. He does not live according to the laws of war, not according to the ordinance, and not even on the insistence of reason, and according to the highest principles of humanity. He is able to see the hidden meaning, the essence of each individual, hidden under the cover of visible objective relations. That is why he is constantly forced to cover the scope of the law and the subordination of dry, personified in the form of major Petushkova. While the latter, guided by the state ideology, willing to sacrifice the lives of thousands of traitors voenoplennyh for the job, Lokotkov can not destroy, and one because he clearly understands that everyone - it is a separate world, a huge universe. Is his behavior antigeroicheskim and Christian compassion, and forbearance from condemnation near contradict actual realities of the time? It is unlikely we will know. However, it is impossible to argue with Germany, when he indirectly makes it clear that it is the common people, keeping fidelity to the law, often contrary to the dominant ideology, has made a decisive contribution to the victory, what Lokotkov, delves into the fate of each, rather than mass executions special squad team NKVD save souls neighbors, bringing them out of the rock labyrinth of war, both spiritual and material. Ivan Ye is not the shepherd, because this word is too vulgar and jaded, and, of course, far from being a saint, a very ordinary person who can meet you on winding roads of heavy fate and simply save your very being.
worth saying few words about the technical side of the picture. film style tends to dry documentary and almost brutal realism. Herman dilutes the war all the pathos, grandeur and epic, tending to her "chamber" version, individual representation. The director shows death in the most ordinary and unheroic situations - that a farmer removes the frozen sheets and die from grenade shrapnel, that's partisan chasing his cow and drops dead from a gunshot wound in the heart, but the soldiers after the battle scours fascist and gets shot in the back of the ' resurrected 'enemy. In accordance with the general orientation and shootings are far from those to which many are accustomed from Hollywood movies. Time becomes eternity, and death lurks in the coming moment when the hero lies, his face buried in the snow and cold believes cartridges issued by the enemy. It was then that the viewer understands the simple truth - to kill even one with a gun clumsy fascist occupation for the whole day and not the fact that it is an enemy dies. It is worth noting chilling winter nature landscape photography Russian hinterland. Sometimes, covered with snow and zavolochennaya thick fog, it resembles a kind of twilight zone and acquires awesome mystical tinge. The scene with the release of the impenetrable veil of black pieces with machine guns shot just filigree. At the same time these notes surrealism manages to brilliantly combine with almost no archival footage of everyday life of refugees and guerrillas.
Overall, this is definitely a very significant picture for a military film, marks a new stage in its development. German, ahead of time, embarking on the research areas still untrodden and undeveloped. It should be assumed that all their never will learn, because people like the war itself (a product of his spiritual life activity) - an endless abyss, in which great suffering eternally at war with the great hopes.

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