The research used a survey questionnaire whose structure was subdivided into three parts to enable the respondents to give adequate data. To determine the variations in the divorce rate among different, the first part of the questionnaire required the respondent to give information regarding their gender. The questionnaire was made easy to understand and answer by providing multiple choices from which the respondent was to choose the most appropriate answer to address the question (Vignoli & Ferro, 2009). For instance, the respondent was required to mark in the provided boxes with five pre-defined choices including; “Agree,” “Strongly Agree,” “Disagree,” “Strongly Disagree,” and “No Comment.”
The survey questionnaire was designed in a manner that enabled the research to answer to answer the research questions which included;
What do you think is the main reason behind the increasing rate of divorce among couples?
Does the number of years the couples have been in marriage affect the chances of divorce?
What is your opinion on divorce?
It was discovered that indeed, the rate of divorce is on the rise in the present society as compared to yester years. The respondents registered varied reactions on the validity of divorce with some supporting it especially where cases of unfaithfulness arose while others regarding it as an evil that leads to the suffering of the innocent children. It was discovered, that among those who were divorced, a large percentage of men moved on and got married again than their female counterparts who in most cases were observed to be living single lives. Moreover, among those who were divorced, the research observed that the divorce cases were higher among employed women who were financially stable than their counterparts who had no jobs and relied on their husbands for financial support (Hendershott, et al. 2009).
It was discovered that children who were embroiled in the divorce caucus were psychologically Management affected and registered low performance in academic performance. A good number of couples who had divorced were observed to be engaged in alcohol drinking while at the same time, many of these couples especially women admitted that they were still in love with their couples and would wish to move back to the marriage if the spouses apologised and changed. On the other hand, a considerable number of divorced couples especially those from abusive marriages regretted getting married and admitted never to fall in love and get married again (Halford, et al. 2008).
A mong those who were still in marriage, a good number admitted that they were not happy in the marriage and could wish to divorce. However, they admitted that they were held into the unhappy marriages due to reasons such as concern for their children as well as lack of financial capabilities to support themselves away from their spouses (Reimondos, et al. 2011). Unfaithfulness among couples was recorded as the biggest reason behind most divorce cases. The other reasons that were cited as being behind the increasing divorce rate were gender freedom, economic reasons, urbanization, social support, religion, legal systems, Babies as well as cultural factors.
Regardless of whether marriage is built on the foundation of love or is arranged, all marriages entail compromise and understanding. It was discovered during the research that the main reasons behind divorce revolve around the general lack of compromise and understanding among couples. For instance, couples become unfaithful to one another because they fail to compromise their sexual feelings for the sake of their marriage, couples divorce for economic reasons because they fail to understand the economic situation of one another and the situation is similar to all the reasons behind divorce (Narayan & Smyth, 2007). The widespread gospel of women empowerment across the world is also plays a significant role in the rising rates of divorce in the present society.
The institution of marriage is based on tolerance, perseverance, submission and understanding. These are the tools that held marriages for a long time in the traditional days. However, today, with the gospel of women empowerment Management, women have assumed a different role. Most have misunderstood the concept of being equal to men and assume that being submissive means being subdued by men and as a result many easily do no preserve challenges and will simply walk out from their spouses in the name of gender freedom. Economic situations also play a significant role in the rate of divorce in the modern society. Divorce is a socioeconomic phenomenon heavily dependent on the economic growth, cultural support, available labour opportunities as well as career mobility (Booth & Kee, 2011). Lack of the capability of the couple to provide for the needs of the family leads to high chances of divorce among such families. Cases of divorce are higher among the rural, uneducated populace of Australia where there is a high rate of unemployment.
The high rate of divorce in the present days is also attributed to urbanization. In the towns, people tend to mix with friends and colleagues from varied cultures. Through the cultural interaction and exchange, they tend to embrace divorce as opposed to the other conventional ways of domestic conflict resolution. Moreover, urbanization leads to the disintegration of the social fabric. For instance, as a result of a spouse being posted to work in the urban areas, the family social support is reduced as one spouse may be left to fend for themselves without proper guidance and counselling hence raising the chances of divorce. This research also established that religion is also one of the factors affecting divorce (Heard, 2011). It was discovered that divorce rates were high among couples who did not belong to the same religion. On the other hand, among the couples of the same religion, divorce cases were low.
This is because religion provided a platform for the couples to sit down and be guided and counselled on marriage issues. Similarly, through religious doctrines, the couples could easily understand and respect the institution of marriage hence reducing the chances of divorce. Furthermore, babies were cited as one of the reasons behind divorce. Varied opinions among the couples on the issue of babies, for instance, the number of babies to have as well as the inability of one spouse to bear children is also a major factor that contributes to the high divorce rates in the present society.
Marriage is an important institution that shapes the existence of society Management. However, due to poor priorities that drive marriage in the modern days, cases of divorce are on the rise. For instance, marriage in the western countries such as Australia is founded upon sex than in the east. As the couples grow older, sex becomes less engaging and as a result cracks beginning forming on the relationship hence the reason behind the high cases of divorce among older couples in the west.
The biggest casualty of the rising cases of divorce in the present society is the child who is innocent and does not deserve the predicament that comes as a result of the separation of the parents (Burns & Scott, 2013). High are the cases of neglect as a result of the parent indulging in alcoholism as a way to release the stress of having lost a loved one through divorce. The children also are forced in many circumstances to change the learning environment as well as the living area which affects the overall performance of the child. For the sake of the children and the entire society, measures should be put in place by both parents to ensure that cases of divorce are reduced.
Measures have been put in place to reduce the rampant cases of divorce in the present society. However, much needs to be done to reduce the consequences of divorce to the society. Some of the measures to be put in place include;
- Adequate sensitization to make the public informed on the effects of divorce.
- Legal restrictions should be put in place to reduce divorce rate and ensure that the interests of children are taken care of in the event of divorce.
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