Discuss About The Resource Management And Employee Relation?
In the present scenario, bullying at the workplace has emerged as one of the most significant problems in front of organizations and their management. Furthermore, such practices are threatening for companies as they directly result in increasing the rate of employee turnover and developing a negative working environment within the workplace. In simpler terms, bullying at the workplace can be defined as practices in which employees or staff members are being mistreated in a way that is health harming (Van den Brande, Baillien, De Witte, Vander Elst, & Godderis, 2016). It is also considered a situation wherein verbal comments are being passed to employees by a particular group of staff members within the organization. Nowadays, the government and other regulatory authorities force companies and corporations to ensure that practices such as bullying are not entertained in any case. Over the past few years, it has become quite challenging for businesses do deal with the issue of increasing harassment at workplace. However, it can be critically argued that there is a fine line between bullying and strong management which needs to be taken care by organizations (Tr?panier, Fernet, & Austin, 2015). For example, some people considered an expression of different opinion as bullying, and this is not correct. In addition to this, offering constructive feedback to people at the workplace cannot be treated as an act of bullying at workplace.
Impact of bullying on employee
In the modern era, management within New Zealand companies should take workplace bullying as a serious issue and need to take corrective measures to deal with the same (Francioli, H?gh, Conway, Costa, Karasek, & Hansen, 2016). Bullying at regular intervals can also have grave consequences on overall health and well being of staff members. For example, vomiting or nausea during or before work, severe sweating, and increased blood pressure are the common symptoms which reflect that a person is a victim of bullying at work (Lewis, Megicks, & Jones, 2017).
Apart from this, staff members also start losing their concentration in their work and also results in hampering their overall job performance. The decline in health, well being and increasing anxiety are some other impact of bullying. On the other side of this, it can be argued that the overall brand image and market share of companies can be affected in case if employees file lawsuits against company for carrying out bullying practices.
Bullying within companies in New Zealand
Bullying at the workplace can be classified into various categories such as prejudicial bullying, sexual bullying, cyber bullying, relational bullying and verbal bullying (Samnani & Singh, 2014). The overall rates of bullying practices are increasing at a very rapid pace within companies operating in New Zealand. Furthermore, different businesses cases can be taken into consideration to understand the same. For example, the case of Conaglen v The Vice Chancellor of Auckland University  can be referred to gain insight into the concept of bullying because of emotive words (Findlaw New Zealand, 2017). It can also be explained that bullying practices are costing Kiwi companies millions of dollar which they need to pay the claims. In addition to this, the government of the country is also under high pressure to deal with this issue and derive the best possible solution.
Bullying practices have also been witnessed among companies such as Bank of New Zealand. The financial worker union within New Zealand has explained that very high level of bullying exists within the banks of the country (NZherald, 2004). It can be stated that different measures have been taken to reduce or eliminate such practices from the workplace but still desired results are not achieved. For example, Workplace against Violence in Employment (WAVE) has been developed with an objective to reduce bullying practices at workplace. The data and information collected on workplace bullying in New Zealand reflect a shocking fact that one out of every four staff members are the victim of bullying practices. It can be argued that bullying at the workplace is a serious issue and management should consider such practices as a significant threat (Spence Laschinger & Nosko, 2015). Furthermore, corrective measures should be taken by managers and top management as such practices adversely affect the overall productivity of staff members.
Companies in New Zealand have developed zero tolerance policy against bullying, but still today these policies are not able to produce the expected outcomes (Nielsen, Einarsen, Notelaers, & Nielsen, 2016). Even companies such as Westpac and The National Bank have witnessed the challenges of rising bullying practices at workplace. On the contrary of this, it can be argued that National bank took this issue very seriously and it has implemented effective policies against bullying and harassment at workplace (Salin, 2015).
Different types of bullying at workplace
Workplace harassment is considered as one of the most common forms of bullying. Furthermore, bullying at workplace also occurs in the form of verbal and physical behaviour, and this is quite threatening for employees. Increasing stress, turnover and lawsuits are considered as the major consequences of workplace bullying. Furthermore, prankster, sabotage, critics, loud voices, gossips, etc. are considered as some other form of bullying at workplace. On the other side of this, practices such as humiliation, victimization or threatening a person on a regular basis are also treated as the form of bullying at workplace.
However, workers are required to understand the difference between bullying and strong management at the workplace. Sometimes employees are being threatened in the form of job loss, and this can be considered as a clear case of workplace bullying (Reknes, Einarsen, Knardahl, & Lau, 2014). The employee working in different food companies of New Zealand also explained that they had been a victim of bullying several times during their work tenure.
For example, some seniors used to interfere in their every task, and this has affected their overall productivity to a great extent. In addition to this, they were also treated differently as compared to their co-workers (Ritter, Matthews, Ford, & Henderson, 2016). Such practices resulted in developing a feeling of dispersion among them, and the employees also explained that they have suffered from insomnia because of bullying at workplace. The overall productivity and performance at work also started declining because of such practices.
Employees are required to different actions and adopt various strategies to deal with the issue of bullying at workplace. For instance, bullying results in manipulating staff members emotionally and thus, workers are required to ensure that they do not get emotional in such situation. Furthermore, it is more efficient to stay calm and compose in such circumstances. It can be recommended that companies operating in New Zealand should emphasize on developing and promoting a positive culture within the workplace (Kwan, Tuckey, & Dollard, 2016).
The leaders and managers need to ensure that practices such as workplace harassment and bullying are not entertained in any situation. In addition to this, strict actions should be taken against the workers who are indulged in such kind of practices. Managers and leaders at workplace should hold meetings with employees at regular intervals and should inform them about the kind of employee behaviour is permitted and acceptable at workplace.
It can also be recommended that the complaints and grievance within workplace should be investigated and taken seriously by the management. It can be considered as one of the most convenient ways to stop bullying at workplace. Complaints and rumours linked with bullying at the workplace should not be neglected by companies in any case. In the case when such complaints are received, immediate action should be taken by management. This will result in developing a strong sense of satisfaction among workers and will also restrict employees to get indulge in bullying practices in future.
Training and development programs can be organized by companies at regular intervals to deal with and overcome the issue of increasing bullying practices at workplace. Training sessions should emphasize more on enforcing the laws and policies related to bullying and harassment. Apart from this, discussions should be carried out on the topic such as how bullying practices can be identified and the ways to deal with the same (Devonish, 2013). Encouraging zero tolerance policy is another effective way through which bullying at the workplace can be reduced. Bullying results in affecting the overall health and productivity of workers. Thus, it can be recommended that the management should try to understand the key reason behind increasing bullying practices. Here, managers and leaders are the ones who need to take the lead and initiate such actions.
It can be expressed that the biggest mistake which organization make is that they do not want to acknowledge or accept the fact that bullying practices are carried out within their workplace. It acts as a motivational factor for people or employees who are indulge in such kind of practices. Such level of negligence directly motivates them to continue bullying of other workers in the future also. It is suggested that instead of waiting for claims and lawsuits, management should initiate the action of finding out the key reasons of bullying at workplace.
Employees working in organizations should emphasize more on educating themselves and should learn almost everything about bullying at workplace (Chiu, Yeh, & Huang, 2015). This strategy will help them to handle and deal with this issue in more efficient manner. Staff members can develop knowledge about different forms of workplace bullying. The rationale behind this is that such strategy or knowledge will assist workers to become aware of the right and responsible way to report such behaviour.
Development and implementation of anti bullying practices are other practical strategies which can be taken into consideration to overcome the issue of raising bullying and harassment practices. It is suggested that companies should encourage more and more open communication channels with the workplace. Furthermore, employees should be motivated to discuss their issues and concern without any hesitation.
The leaders and managers should ensure that employee should not feel shy in reporting such kind of behaviour within the workplace (Catley, Blackwood, Forsyth, & Tappin, 2015). Furthermore, it is the responsibility of leaders to review the procedures and policies linked with harassment and bullying at frequent intervals. This will support them in identifying the gap in the existing systems and take corrective measures to fill these deficiencies. Processing the grievance and complains of employees is another key responsibility which managers and leaders are required to accomplish in the best possible manner. All form of aggression and concern of workers within workplace should be addressed by the managers and supervisors, and immediate actions should be taken against the same.
It is the duty of employees to report such kind of behaviour and communicate the same to the concerned person on the priority basis. The management should also emphasize on building self-confidence and capacity among all staff members. The rationale behind this is that competent and highly productive employees are less likely to be bullied as compared to the workers with fewer competencies and experience level. Another way through which workplace bullying can be eliminated is by managing risk and stressors at the workplace.
From the above carried out literature review, it can be concluded that bullying is a severe issue and it should not be neglected by management and employees. Over the past few years, harassment and bullying in the workplace have increased to a great extent. Many companies operating in New Zealand have witnessed such issues, and several lawsuits have been filed against the same. It can also be inferred that it is not an easy task for organizations operating in the country to deal with such issues and different types of corrective measures are required to be taken regarding the same. It has also been identified that every one out of four employees has been a victim of bullying at workplace.
An organization such as Workplace against Violence in Employment (WAVE) has been developed ways through which such practices can be reduced, and a safe working environment can be executed. It can be concluded that bullying has the direct impact on health, well being and productivity of employees working in the organization. Furthermore, high rate of turnover, lack of concentration and absenteeism are some other consequences of bullying at workplace. An employee can become a victim of different types of bullying, and it is the responsibility of the worker to report such behaviour against him/her on a priority basis. The best possible solution to deal with bullying at the workplace is enforced strict policies and practices against harassment and bullying. At the same time, strict actions should be taken against the workers or staff members who indulge in such kind of practices.
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