Religion is the basis of our lives and everyone try their best to follow religious laws and sometimes these laws create chaos in the society. Whether the tension occurs among Sikhs, Muslims and Hindus in India, or between Jews and Muslims in Jerusalem" . No major world religion can get rid of generating violence radical movements from within its ranks . This has been the situation "since time immemorial". Religion igniting violence is the stimulus for some people to call for the abandonment of religion altogether - it's not worth the risk to be taken. Religion fanaticism has bred the most fanatic individuals and cultures due to its intolerance of another gods and a general strictness on the beliefs but, other forms of religion also breed antisocial and violent individuals. Public review (in the USA) precisely rates Islam, Christianity and Hinduism as the most violent religions (64%, Religion continues to be related with violent fanaticism, as religion-inspired horror occurs with 9% and 4% said so); Judaism was rated last at 2% .
Three factors lead followers into uncivil behaviour. (1) The illogical belief and (2) the legitimization given to actions by beliefs in supreme authorities, without the teaching by anyone, analysing and skeptical way of judging between claims as to what those supreme authorities would like to have with themselves. For some people, voices in their heads are all that is required as long as they have faith in god(s) which have the right to speak to them. For others, including non-believer skeptics, such voices are sudden warning signs of imminent mental ill health. Thirdly, (3), an imaginary utopianism and fixation with the unlawfulness, badness or immorality of this world often throw groups into extreme aggregation where they cease to consider other religious people to be productive human beings. Both illogical and criminal behaviour are given free rein within religious systems of thought, as is suicide to leave this world and move on to the 'next', what the destiny has decided for us. Mass suicide, shoot-outs, gas attacks and other forms of cruelty have befallen groups whose main aim in common is self-isolation from wider society, and a be afraid of a generally Christian-themed apocalyptic judgement-day. Many such groups emerged from mainstream religious movements and gradually became more and more recusant over time. The main causes that allow this slip are vapid supernaturalism, poor education, dissident schooling and a lack of practical approach towards things and thinking.
Religious laws mention about ethical and moral codes taught by religious traditions. Examples are Christian canon law, Islamic sharia, Jewish halakha, and Hindu law.
1.1 Established Religions And Religious Institutions
A state religion (or established church) is a religious body officially ascribed by the state. A hierocracy is a form of government in which a God or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler whose decision is final and binding.
In both theocracies and some religious jurisdictions, dedicated objectors may cause religious offence. The opposing legal systems are secular states or multicultural societies in which the government does not officially adopt a particular religion, but may either curb all religious activities or administer tolerance of religious diversity.
1.2 Examples Of Religious Laws
Within the substructure of Christianity, there are many possible definitions for religious law. First is the Mosaic Law, also called the Divine Law or biblical law, the most famous example being the Ten Commandments. Another is the guidelines of Jesus of Nazareth to his followers in the Gospel (often referred to as the Law of Christ or the New Commandment or the New Covenant, in contrast to the Old Covenant). Another is the religious Decree of Acts 15, which is still appraised by the Greek Orthodox Church. Further is canon law in the Catholic, Anglican, and Orthodox churches.
In some Christian Eucharist, law is often juxtaposed with elegance, the contrast here speaks to attempts to gain salvation by assent to a code of laws as opposed to seeking salvation through belief in the expiation made by Jesus on the cross.
Mohammadian law, also known as Islamic law , is the moral code and religious law of Islam. Islam is derived from two first sources, the precepts set forth in the Quran and the example set by the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the Sunnah. Islamic jurisprudence clarify and extends the application of sharia to questions not directly addressed in the primary sources by including secondary sources. These secondary sources usually include the consensus of the Ulama consolidated in Ijma and analogy from the Quran and sunnah through qiyas. Shia jurists prefer to apply reasoning rather than analogy in order to solve difficult questions.
Muslim people believe sharia is the law of the God, but they differ as to what exactly it entails.8 Modernists, traditionalists and fundamentalists all hold separate views of sharia, as do supporters to different schools of Islamic thought and scholarship. Different nations, societies and cultures have varying interpretations of sharia as well.
Sharia assign with many topics carved by non-religious laws, counting crimes, politics and economics, as well as distinct matters such as sexual intercourse, hygiene, diet, prayer, and fasting. Where it has official status, sharia is strived by Islamic judges, or qadis. The imam has assorting task depending on the interpretation of sharia; while the term is mostly used to refer to the leader of communal prayers, the imam may also be a scholar, religious leader, or political leader.
The reintroduction of sharia is a established goal for Islamist movements in Muslim countries. Some Muslim minority countries in Asia (e.g., in Israel or in India) have endured institutional recognition of sharia to resolve their personal and community affairs. In western countries, where Muslim immigration is more new, Muslim minorities have commenced sharia family law, for use in their own disputes, with varying degrees of success. e.g., Britain's Muslim Arbitration Tribunal. Trial by Muslims to impose sharia on other people in countries with large Muslim population has been accompanied by controversy, violence, and even warfare .
2.Crime In Religion
Crime in religion is sadly an everyday fact that occurs around our world while millions of people are unaware of it. Religious crimes have been happening since time immemorial and they have been posing a global problem for mankind. Fortunately, there have been a lot of countries that have opened their arms and people have found refuge. Others, however, are the cause of this oppression due to the fact that their governments lack a system that would protect them from these crimes against religions.
Exploring the beginning of human civilization we come across two factors that have always played a significant role. Those two factors are crime and religion. Man, since we can recall, must realise that it has the power to rule everyone. That is why when a group of people decide to put men’s beliefs aside and follow a religion or a deity of their own, conflict emerges as fast as explosive granite. For this reason, at present we have so many crimes related to religion because some people are in opposition of others who have a different point of view. People feel the need to be accepted and when that cannot be accomplished they go to utmost ends to reach their goal. It is a pity that we must see crimes in every facet of our lives. Even when we think that religion can be the solution to vindicate humanity and make it peaceful, the total contrasting takes place. But this is not the worst part. Sometimes religion contributes to violence since some religions preach the concept of self sacrifice and force people to go in that way. In our world we have observed this in many occasions; such as suicide bombers who kill instantly hundreds of people. A perfect example of this is the 9/11 incident when the hijackers who were responsible for killing over 2",000 people were following their Al- Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden’s religious teachings. It is very appalling to see how religion and crime go together like salt and pepper. That is why for the benefit and well being of humanity we must put an end to all this violence, especially tormenting human beings because of religion.
Beginning from Islamic to communist countries, all over the world there are constant religious crimes. Direct state oppression, which means persecution by the government, is seen in Saudi Arabia where any non- Islamic or dissident Islamic religious expression is prohibited (Marshall, 1998). Christian meetings are banished, worship services are extremely cracked. Any Saudi person who seeks to abandon the Islam faith adepts the real prospect of death (Marshall, 1998). One would not think that in the 21st Century we would still have countries where their own governments are the ones in charge of religious oppression. Saudi Arabia for example, has a hierocracy which means that it is actually a religion that masters the ways of that country, and if one is not a part of it, one’s own life would be in hazard. Unfortunately and seriously, this is not the only country in the world where religion faces persecution. This goes back to the questions asked before, how can those crimes be prevented if the government is doing all this. These are the problems that are going on in our world and millions of people don’t what this is all about. It is incredible that more than 200 millions of people in over 60 nations are being refused their basic human rights for only one reason: they are Christians. The world cannot keep tolerating this. People must be familiar with what is going on regardless of whether they have belief or not. The justice system in those countries must stand up, garner their civil laws and let basic human rights take place.
If there was a way to end religious crimes, then much worldwide chaos could be avoided. Fortunately, there are many organizations that attempt to make a change and have done what all of us should have done. We start off with the United Nations which of course has had an participation in putting an end to religious oppression. There are three major problems that the U.N. has listed in their section of religious crimes. According to the U.N.’s current section of religious persecution we see that a Catholic former Portuguese colony was expropriated by Islamic Indonesia shortly after its independence, for support to the Palestinian people. A discussion of the report of the special committee was held to investigate Israeli practices affecting the human rights of the Palestinian people and other Arabs in the occupied territories. Lastly, the crisis in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the war crimes Tribunal to the former Yugoslavia Republic have also been crime components. These are many examples of current issues that mankind should not be facing. As time proceeds, technology gets better, science advances, new governments are being ameliorated, and wars are breaking out due to religious persecutions. It is a shame that with the finite power the U.N. has, it hasn’t been able to fully solve the issue of religious crimes. One of the biggest aspect the U.N. states for religious persecution activities, are culture aspects. As mentioned before, sovereignty of the state plays a major role in how religion is seen.
In nations where a theocracy is the way of life, there is not much a citizen can do but follow the rules its government and its religion. Political debate can appear as a result of religious oppression, as mentioned by Castelli (2007). Besides the U.N. contribution to end religious oppression, there are a million of other institutions that help out too. Out of those thousands institutions, a recognizable one is the Voice of the Martyrs or VOM as is more generally known throughout the world. This is a Christian institution that raises understanding about the hundreds of thousands of humans who are tortured, killed, thrown in prison, and harassed each year worldwide simply because they are Christian. Many Christian churches worldwide take part in missionary activities hosted by VOM. The most fascinating fact regarding VOM is that it was establish by Richard Wurmbrand. When the Soviet union took over Romania in 1944, Mr. Wurmbrand was imprisoned for 14 years, just for sermonize. In jail he was extremely touched for what had happened to him and decided to start this organization to help out the persecuted. Every time one hears, reads, and sees these stories it just breaks one’s heart. Mr. Wurmbrand’s passion led him to create a very knowledgeable institution that has very much touched the lives of millions of people who are committed to reading the articles, in order to obtain a global perspective on what is going on in the world regarding crime and religion. It helps to look into a window that is very disputable and needs worldwide awareness.
After these religious crimes have taken place and human lives have been greatly influenced, a lot has to be done to revamp them. Religious persecutions do not just take place in a particular area but around the world. In the U.S., it is considered very privileged to have religious freedom. This country was endowed by people searching for religious freedom because they were being oppressed in their own country. Thankfully this country has maintained its religious freedom as one of the most significant principles in the constitution. Unfortunately, since we do not have a immediate experience on religious persecution in this country, many fail to recognize that there are countries out there suffering from these problems. Because the U.S. is such a great nation people take for granted what they have and do not have a global approach of what is happening in the world. As people, we shall not let this happen to us. We must get archived and informed on global issues.. One attempt to curb religious crimes is by implementing in our school system a curriculum that teaches heartily to future law enforcement officers the basic rights of humans and making religious freedom one of the essential rights of the US, in order to eliminate religious persecutions. As written by Mr. Doerr, “to enlist schools throughout the world, to eliminate intolerance and discrimination based on religion or belief would promote protection and respect of religion and strengthen peace, understanding and tolerance among individuals, groups, and nations with a developing respect of human rights” (Doerr, 2002). If these opinions and ideas could be implemented in every school system worldwide there would probably be world peace and people would not have to be worrying about the aftermath of what to do after these crimes have already taken place. By training law enforcement officers we are preparing them for the future and building a better society, free of religious crimes. A better way to stop religious persecution completely would be by making people around the world more aware of what is going on and by aiding those who have been gravely affected by