Relationship Between Education Crime Rate Essay

Question:

Discuss about the Relationship between Education Crime Rate.

Answer:

Introduction

Crimes or criminal activities can affect the well-being of the individuals and families in Australia at large. Crime policymakers need to consider few factors while formulating laws, rules, and regulations for eliminating criminal activities. It is essential to measure the crime rate so as to identify the number of criminal cases affecting the quality of life of the people in Australia. It has been analyzed that the high crime rates are attached with poverty, unemployment, excess use of drugs, problems related to family relationship and low education level (Lochner, 2011). It has been identified that there is a lack of awareness among the people or in the society due to which there is a rise in the crime rate. It has been identified that criminal activities are ranging from strike, theft, kill, assault, thievery, auto burglary and robbery. Various initiatives have been taken by the government of Australia so as to cope with the issue. Criminal education is an effective approach for making the society aware of the crime taking place and making them aware of their rights (Lochner, 2011).

This research program will discuss the crime trend in Australia so as to identify whether there is an increase or decrease in the crime rate of Australia. Information will be provided for analyzing the trend in Australia.

Project Objective

Research objectives are defined so as to guide the research program in the right direction. The research program is carried out to analyze the relationship shared between the crime rate and criminal education in Australia. The objective of the research is to analyze the crime rates and crime trend prevailing in Australia. It is vital for the government of Australia to reduce the crime rate. This research will focus on the concept of criminal education which will help in eliminating the criminal cases in Australia. Critical analysis will be done of the different articles for the attainment of the objective defined in the research.

Project Scope

Criminal activities are creating harm to the society which needs to be targeted. This research program will discuss the analysis of the relationship between the crime rate and criminal education in Australia. Different articles will be reviewed so as to critically analyze the different aspects of the research topic. This research will provide knowledge of the different aspects including crime rate, crime trend and criminal education and its importance in coping with the rising issue. Different approaches will be discussed which will provide support to the data collection process. The recommendation will be made regarding including the criminal education as a compulsory aspect for dealing with the criminal activities.

Literature review

Criminal activities are taking place in different forms which are creating an impact on the well-being of the society. Criminal activities are creating an impact on the society financially, emotionally, psychologically and physically. Criminal activities are creating a long-term impact on the life of the society. Fear of crime has created an impact on the engagement of the individual in the community and reduction in the trust towards others in the society. From the data collected from Rule of Law Institute of Australia (2016), it has been analyzed that there has been a decrease in the crime rate across Australia in the year 2014-2015. Policies formulated by the government of Australia has resulted in a decrease in the rates of crime in Australia. Different age groups or genders are suffering from the criminal activities. People of Australia in under an incorrect belief that there has been a rise in the crime rates in Australia (Machin, et. al., 2011).

According to Australia Bureau of Statistics (2010), criminal education has been considered as a tool for coping with the increasing crime rates and crime trend. It is possible to reduce the crime rates with the help of promoting criminal education. Crime is considered as a negative externality which comes with social costs. Including criminal education in the education sector will help the government in reducing crime. There are various reasons responsible for believing that education can create an impact on subsequent crime. Compulsory laws have been implemented by the government for the purpose of ensuring the safety of the society. Education creates an impact on the criminal decisions (Scott & Hogg, 2015). Education not only deals with the crimes but also promotes lawfulness in the society. The government of Australia is focusing on introducing different programs for promoting knowledge of the crime and its impact on the individual as well as on the society (Hjalmarsson & Lochner, 2012).

Education is considered as an effective approach for the purpose of discouraging crime. Youth need to be taught to be patient and to be aware of the adverse impact of the crime on their wellbeing. Australia has been considered as a safe country for stay purpose as the crime rate has been reduced due to the efforts of the government of Australia. Rates of crime in Australia are lower in comparison to the developed countries (Benier, et. al., 2016). For dealing with the rising level of crime in Australia, the government of Australia is focusing on preventing and detecting activities and increasing the penalties charged on people for committing a crime (Norton, 2011).

Research questions

Research questions are constructed with a motive to form a base on the basis of which data collection process will take place. Research questions will help in gathering data related to the crime rate, crime trend and criminal education in Australia and link between the crime rate and criminal education in Australia. Research questions for the research program are stated below:

Primary Question

What is the relationship between the crime rate and criminal education in Australia?

Secondary Questions

Why is criminal education an essential element for dealing with the criminal activities in Australia?

What actions can be taken for reducing the crime rate in Australia?

Research Design and Methodology

Research methodology discusses the various methods or approaches which have been selected for the purpose of gathering data. In this research program, data will be gathered regarding the relationship between crime rate and criminal education in Australia. Data collection will be done with the use of different methods or approaches. Criminal education plays a vital role which helps in determining the manner in which crime rate data and information communicated to the public. It is vital to analyze the crime trend and crime rates in Australia so as to identify the contribution of criminal education in reducing the crime rate.

Qualitative research: explanatory research method has been chosen for this research program for assembling of the data. Explanatory research is being used with a motive to develop an understanding of the various reasons, causes and the effects of these reasons (Rahi, 2017). This approach chosen will help in providing a detailed explanation of the aspects. The motive behind using explanatory research in a research program is to identify the problem and developing a better research model (Baskerville & Pries-Heje, 2010). A research outline will be prepared for developing the research idea. This approach will help in providing in-depth information. The purpose of selecting explanatory research include increasing the understanding of the aspects, flexible and reliable sources and provides a better summary of the collected data (Subedi, 2016). There are few challenges which can be faced while using explanatory research approach. These challenges include Biasedness of data and ineffectual samples (Saunders, 2011). Criminal activities have affected the quality of life of people at large and it is essential to deal with this issue properly.

Quantitative research: quantitative research will be used for gathering numerical data which will help in providing a better understanding of the aspects of the research topic. In this research program, quantitative research will be conducted for the purpose of collecting data related to the crime trend and crime rate in Australia. This data will enhance the authenticity of the data collected. Calculated data will be used in the quantitative research for forming facts and disclosing the different patterns related to the research program. This approach is considered more structured in comparison to qualitative data collection methods (Quick & Hall, 2015). Numerical data will be gathered with the use of secondary data. Crime rates or trend is being analyzed with the help of the secondary data.

Data collection: data collection is an important activity on which research is dependent. Data presented in this research will be gathered with the use of data collection methods. Analysis has been made of the different sources available so as to choose the most appropriate one. Secondary sources of data collection will be assembled in this research. Secondary sources can be defined as the pre-collected data which has been assembled by other researchers and used in their research works. The motive behind collecting data using secondary source is to provide reliable and authentic data (Johnston, 2014). Secondary data will be assembled from the internet including articles, journals, notifications, and websites.

Procedures and techniques: in this research program, secondary data will be assembled so as to provide authentic data regarding the research topic. Secondary data will be gathered with the help of internet sources. For maintaining the reliability and authenticity of the data, secondary sources published or issued by the authentic authorities will be used.

Research strategies: an action plan has been prepared so as to conduct the research in a sequential order. It is vital to cover every aspect for the attainment of the objectives of the research. The focus will be on performing the research in a sequence so as to gather relevant data and presenting the data for developing the understanding or gaining knowledge.

Research timeframe: research program has to be conducted within the timeframe provided for the purpose of maintaining the relevance of the research. This research has been divided into different activities so as to cover every aspect properly. It is vital to complete the research program within the time period allocated for attaining the objectives of the course.

Ethical consideration: ethical aspects must be considered while conducting the research program so as to execute the research fairly. Ethical aspects play a vital role as they are norms or standards which are adapted for conducting the research by differentiating in the right and wrong. Ethical considerations have helped in differentiating between the acceptable and non-acceptable behavior. Principles or values which have been considered for this research are honesty, fairness, and confidentiality.

Research Limitations

There are few limitations which can create an impact on the process of the research program. These limitations need to be identified and dealt in a proper manner for presenting the data in a better manner and attaining the objectives. These limitations include:

  • Shortage of resources: there are various resources required for the purpose of conducting the research. These resources include human resource and finance which will be used for conducting the research.
  • Shortage of time: research program needs to be completed within the time period allocated. This will ensure that the research program is completed successfully.
  • Lack of access to the data: data will be collected with the help of primary and secondary sources of data collection. Lack of access to the data can affect the data collection process.

Time Schedule (Research Plan)

Sequence

Activity

Initiation date

Duration (Days)

Completion date

Description

A)

Choosing topic of the research

04 January 2018

1

04 January 2018

In this activity, the topic for the research will be selected.

B)

Construction of the plans

05 January 2018

3

07 January 2018

In this phase of the action plan, plans will be prepared so as to lay down a way for completion of the research successfully.

C)

Execution of the plans

08 January 2018

7

14 January 2018

In this phase, plans will be put into actions for the execution of the research successfully.

D)

Selection of the data collection methods

15 January 2018

2

16 January 2018

In this phase, methods for the collection of data will be selected. Different methods of data collection are available which can be used for the assembling of the relevant data.

E)

Collection of the data

17 January 2018

9

25 January 2018

Data will be collected with the help of methods of data collection chosen.

F)

Analysis and evaluation phase

26 January 2018

5

30 January 2018

Data gathered will be analyzed and evaluated for extracting meaningful data.

G)

Conclusion and recommendations

31 January 2018

1

31 January 2018

Data analyzed and evaluated will be used for drawing a conclusion and making recommendations for the research.

Gantt chart

Conclusion

Thus, from the above discussion, it can be concluded that crime education is an essential element which contributes towards a reduction in the crime rate. Crime rates are increasing which are resulting in negative impact on the society. Criminal education needs to be provided to the youth so as to spread awareness among the society. Criminal education will help in making the society aware of their rights and explaining the harms criminal activities are creating to the quality of life of the people. It is important for the government of Australia to make criminal education compulsory part of fighting against the criminal activities taking place in Australia. Consequences of the criminal activities need to be explained to the society for overcoming this major issue.

References

Australia Bureau of Statistics, 2010, “Crime in Australia”, Australia Bureau of Statistics.

Baskerville, R. & Pries-Heje, J., 2010, “Explanatory Design Theory”, Business & Information Systems Engineering, Volume 2, Issue 5, pp. 271–282.

Benier, K., Wickes, R. & Higginson, A., 2016, “Ethnic Hate Crime in Australia: Diversity and Change in the Neighbourhood Context”, British Journal of Criminology, 56(3), pp.479–496.

Hjalmarsson, R. & Lochner, L., 2012, “The Impact of Education on Crime: International Evidence”, University of Western Ontario.

Johnston, M. P., 2014, “Secondary Data Analysis: A Method of which the Time Has Come”, Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries, pp. 619 –626.

Lochner, L., 2011, “Education Policy and Crime”, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 465-515.

Lochner, L., 2011, “Non-Production Benefits of Education: Crime, Health, and Good Citizenship”, Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp. 183-282.

Machin, S., Marie, O. & Vujic, S. I., 2011, “The Crime Reducing Effect of Education”, The Economic Journal, Vol. 121, 463–484.

Machin, S., Marie, O. & Vujic, S., 2011, “The Crime Reducing Effect of Education”, Economic Journal, 121, pp. 463-84.

Norton, A., 2011, “Does higher education reduce crime?”, Andrew Norton.

Quick, J. & Hall, S., 2015, “Part three: The quantitative approach”, Journal of perioperative practice, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 192.

Rahi, S., 2017, “Research Design and Methods: A Systematic Review of Research Paradigms, Sampling Issues and Instruments Development”, International Journal of Economics & Management Sciences.

Rule of Law Institute of Australia, 2016, “Crimes rates in Australia”, Institute of Australia.

Saunders, M. N., 2011, “Research methods for business students”, Pearson Education India.

Scott, J. & Hogg, R., 2015, “Strange and stranger ruralities: Social constructions of rural crime in Australia”, Journal of Rural Studies, 39, p.171.

Subedi, D., 2016, “Explanatory Sequential Mixed Method Design as the Third Research Community of Knowledge Claim”, American Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 4, No. 7, 570-577.

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