Theessay below was a tremendously strong essay answering the question aboutReconstruction. It was a genuine essay (sentence after sentence) published by one of many studentsin class. It received 28.5 highlights of 30. This is an excellent essay; concerning the onlycomment i'd compose had been that the thesis inside introduction could have been alittle more direct:
As a nation, America went though manypolitical changes throughout the woman lifetime. Leaders attended and gone, all ofthem having various goals and plans money for hard times. As history takes itscourse, though, many all of these “revolutionary movements” visited a conclusion. Onesuch movement had been Reconstruction. Reconstruction was a time duration in Americaconsisting of numerous leaders, goals and accomplishments. Though, like all thingsin life, it did arrive at an end, the resulting outcome has been labeled both asuccess and a deep failing.
Whenever Reconstruction began in 1865, a broken America hadjust finished fighting the Civil War. In every respect, Reconstruction wasmainly that. It absolutely was a time period of “putting straight back the pieces”, as peoplesay. It absolutely was the main point where Americaattempted to be a full running nation once more. This, though, had not been aneasy task. The memory of massive death had been nevertheless within the front of everyone’smind, hardening into resentment or even hatred. The south wasvirtually non-existent politically or economically, and looking desperatelyfor a means back. Along side these specific things, now residing between the populationwere nearly four million previous slaves, that has no concept making an income ontheir own. That they had been freed by the 13th amendment in 1865, as well as in the futurebecame an excellent concern to many governmental leaders. Still, it had been no secret thatsomething must be done. Therefore, as usually occurs, governmental leaders appeared onthe stage, each holding unique plan of Reconstruction, each specific theirideas were the best ones. Among the first those who created ablueprint for Reconstruction was the president at that time, Abraham Lincoln.The “Lincoln Plan” had been a really available one, stating that after certain criteriawere met a confederate state could come back to the union. To rejoin, a situation hadto have 10 percent of voters both accept the emancipation of slaves and swearloyalty to your union. Additionally, those high ranking officers associated with the state could nothold workplace or carry out voting legal rights unless the president stated therefore.
Well, unfortunately enough, Honest Abe had been assassinated at FordsTheatre on April 14th, 1865, before he could place his intend to the test. Afterhis death, other governmental leaders emerged with plans at hand. Thesemen had been of the Republican Party, and so they called on their own Radicals. TheRadical Republicans that arrived on the scene to relax and play after Lincoln’s death had two main goals totheir cause. First, they certainly were mad within south, blaming them the Civil Warthat had simply ended. Ergo, they desired to punish them while making them pay.Secondly, they wished to help all the near four million slaves have been nowfree males following the war. They felt these “men” required security, therefore wastheir work to take action. There were three main Radical Republican leaders. These menwere Thaddeus Stevens, Charles Sumner, therefore the formally inaugurated presidentAndrew Johnson. Thaddeus Stevens was a tremendously political guy, holding a place inthe House of Representatives. His priority was the economic opportunity forslaves. He desired them to be able to earn an income independently, rather than dependon the “white man” while they had done all their life. Thinking almost on thesesame lines ended up being Charles Sumner. He was a senator who fought mainly for politicalrights for African People in the us, as well as for their citizenship. He felt thatthe “all guys are created equal” the main constitution should hold upfor everyone. Well, for guys which. Finally there was clearly President AndrewJohnson. Probably due to the fact that he had been Lincoln’s vice president, Johnson had in minda Reconstruction plan that almost mirrored the previous presidents. Lots of theRadicals did not accept of Johnson’s plan, though. They felt he went over thelimit with 13,000 pardons, and that he had beenn’t spending enough attention to themajor issue, the rights of slaves. In 1868 Andrew Johnson was impeached. Allthough he was maybe not taken from workplace at the moment, he was fundamentally withoutauthority.
It had been at this time that Congress really stepped in using their own plan of Reconstruction. The Reconstruction Actfinally passed by congress had two details to it. First, troops wererequired to move in and take up residence in confederate states of thesouth. Next, any declare that desired back to the union ended up being just allowed todo when if they changed their 14th amendment. They had to concur that allmen created into the U.S.were residents, and that because of that they wereguaranteed equal therapy by the law. Later, in 1870, black colored males were alsogranted the vote…but this might come later on.
Now, the Reconstruction Act seemed great written down, butas frequently occurs in politics someone rocked the motorboat. The shake up tookplace in 1876 presidential election. The 2 males operating had been DemocratSamuel Tilden, and Republican Rutherford B. Hayes. As a result of closeness of therace, a small grouping of guys called a “commission” ended up being put up to be able to figure out anoutcome. In the end, the effect was the Compromise of 1877. Inside compromise,Hayes was announced the winner, and also this was agreed upon by both events. The realkicker had been another stipulation, though. The army career of thesouthern states was put to a conclusion. No big deal, right? WRONG! Without militaryforce to back them up, the freed slaves living down there were without security.There ended up being absolutely nothing to keep consitently the southerners from taking advantage of the freedmen, and this is precisely whatever they did. Comprehending that they couldn’t directlydisobey the law, many southerners put up their rules, or black colored codes, thatput difficult restrictions on African Americans. So, despite the fact that security lawswere in position, they did little good with nobody to enforce them. Only at that pointReconstruction finished. The laws had been in position, and though they didn’t alwayswork, some people felt which was enough, they'd done their jobs.
It’s hard to state without a doubt whether or not Reconstruction had been successful or a deep failing.Since the time it started people have been debating that question.
Actually, I believe its a toss-up. I believe that thoughit had beenn’t a complete success, it was at least one step within the right direction.Granted, laws that were create weren’t followed strictly. Nevertheless, about lawswere being designed to protect African American liberties. I am talking about, they were nowformally called citizens, and received the right to vote. Though maybe not a hugeleap, it absolutely was a significant step. If that doesn’t persuade you, consider it this way.Without Reconstruction and 14th and fifteenth amendments, another team may havenever got the courage to fight because of their legal rights. This group is ladies. Manysuffrage leaders would later look at this point in African US history asa hopeful sign they, too, might someday be recognized. So, wasReconstruction successful? Yes. It was a success with exceptions.