Private schools are the independent schools that are not aided by the government and are funded totally by the students. There are some private schools, where a student might get access to education free of cost, but that mainly depend on the academic excellence of the individual students (Ruban 2012). In this paper a literature review has been provided exploring about different private schools across the world and why the Emirati families choose to send their children to private schools.
According to Ball (2017) government schools do not provide special facilities to the students in terms of education. Government schools sometimes do not have proper laboratory facilities for the science students. Since, government has to fund the entire spending for the school; all the aspects related to the infrastructure and advanced facilities might not be addressed.
Since government have to aid a large number of schools it becomes very difficult for them to reach the perfection. Furthermore, government schools provide education to different classes of people irrespective of the socio economic status of the students (Klugman 2012). Students coming from wealthier families might not find it suitable to mix up with the students coming from low socio economic background, which leads the parents to admit their children in the private schools.
Each and every parent want that their children to get the best, including success, safety, healthcare and love. Most of these parameters are based on good education. As per the bureau of Labor statistics, graduation rate is inversely proportional to the murder and the assaults rate.
Education can be perceived both from government funded institutions or private institutions. Nowadays the education is not cheap. According to the reports by Hvidman and Andersen (2013) public college education costs nearly $100, 00 for a student who are likely to attend public schools.
In spite of the increasing amount of financial burden, people are daunting towards the private schools with the hope of getting advanced education. Iqbal (2012) has argued that there is not much difference between the academic levels of the government schools and the private schools and has also cited examples that the eight grade math and the fourth grade readings were just a wash.
According to Klugman (2012) most of the effects of the private school education are influenced by the family decisions and motivations. According to Lubienski and Lubienski (2013) families of the students studying in the public schools can at least question the authorities regarding the licensing and the certification of the teachers, as most of the teachers are appointed on the basis of a level of teaching quality, whereas in the private schools there are no such rules regarding the appointment of the teachers (Lubienski and Lubienski 2013).
Private schools in the UAE
Most of the Emirati schools are bestowed with Islamic values other than the western culture. Emirati families can want their child to be acquainted with other cultures and thus choose to send their children to private schools (Hvidman and Andersen 2013).
The general, socio economic status of most of the Emirati families are quite good, which leads them to opt for private schools with better facilities. Some private schools have much advanced extracurricular facilities like provision for games such as soccer, basket balls, and dance classes, swimming classes, interactive clubs and more. It can be easily said that public schools will not be able to give their students with such a varied number of facilities other than studies (Mazawi 2017). The Emiratis often face problems with the English language as in most of the Islamic schools, Arabic is used as the medium of instruction and the curriculum is mainly based on the Islamic values (Mazawi 2017). Since, English is an accepted language all over the world and is the medium of instruction for all the official work, knowledge of this language is necessary. According to Ruban (2012) most of the Emirati schools are incapable of providing proper English education. Hence, this can be one of the important factors which drive the Emirati families towards private schools.
According to Mazawi (2017) private schools in Abu Dhabi had outperformed the government schools in several aspects. According to the reports, private school parents have a higher viewpoint about the school quality than the public school parents, in terms of school climate, student learning and school-parent relationships.
According to the study conducted by Mckinnon et al. (2013) the cognitive achievement scores of the students in comparison with the students from the public schools have been proven to be higher. In terms of math and science subject the achievement advantage is found to be higher in the private schools in UAE. According to the study conducted by Mckinnon et al. (2013) the cognitive achievement scores of the students in comparison with the students from the public schools have been proven to be higher. In terms of math and science subject the achievement advantage is found to be higher in the private schools in UAE.
The national statistics of UAE shows that private schools in UAE have increased from 168 to 473 since 1982 to 2011(Mazawi 2017). Reports show that in the last five years the number of students in the private schools has increased drastically. According to Mckinnon et al. (2013) the two factors that are driving the Emirati parents to admit their wards in private schools can be listed as
- The influence of the school ambience
As per the parent’s feedback, the private school climates are much healthier than that of the government schools as the parents donate a large amount of money as the tuition fees.
- Focus on the science subjects- Private schools generally follow an international curriculum that is accepted worldwide and generally emphasize on the pedagogy of science teaching. On the other hand the public schools are mainly based on Islamic teachings and virtues and focus less on science topics (Mckinnon et al. 2013).
It cannot be said that government schools are not capable of giving proper education to the students, as academic performances depend upon the merit of a persona and not on the type of the school. It can be definitely said that private school cater to the overall development of the child apart from the studies.
Ball, S.J., 2007. Education plc: Understanding private sector participation in public sector education. Routledge.
Hvidman, U. and Andersen, S.C., 2013. Impact of performance management in public and private organizations. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 24(1), pp.35-58.
Iqbal, M., 2012. Public versus private secondary schools: A qualitative comparison. Journal of Research and Reflections in Education, 6(1), pp.40-49.
Klugman, J., 2012. How resource inequalities among high schools reproduce class advantages in college destinations. Research in Higher Education, 53(8), pp.803-830.
Lubienski, C.A. and Lubienski, S.T., 2013. The public school advantage: Why public schools outperform private schools. University of Chicago Press.
Mazawi, A. ed., 2017. World Yearbook of Education 2010:" Education and the Arab'World': Political Projects, Struggles, and Geometries of Power". Routledge.
McKinnon, M., Barza, L. and Moussa-Inaty, J., 2013. Public versus private education in primary science: The case of Abu Dhabi schools. International Journal of Educational Research, 62, pp.51-61.
Ruban, N.A.B.H., 2012. United Arab Emirates. TIMSS 2011 Encyclopedia, p.961.