Psychology: Ethical Issues Essay


Discuss about the Psychology for Ethical Issues.


Identification and Accessing the Ethical Issues

Ethics is an important and crucial part in the process of psychological counseling. Ethical awareness can be considered mainly as a process that is continuous and active in the process that deals with the involvement of questioning and the responsibilities that involve personally in the case of the questioning round of the counseling (Bom & Isbrand, 2013). Focusing and being aware of the codes of ethics here the legal standard that is one of the important factors in the cases of the psychological counseling.

It is also believed that the majority of the therapists it is conscientious, caring, empathetic, dedicated and committed to the behavior that focuses with the ethics (Welfel, 2015). Accessing the ethical questions, that mainly deals with the questions that are concerned with the self trusts, assumptions, and the action that are being planned to adopt. It is being non ethical if the psychotherapist considers themselves to be the perfect one and judge their clients based on their concept. Ethics can be accessed if the counselor can counsel his/her opinions, choices and the decisions (Fisher, 2014). It is their duty to respect the decision of the client, and guide them in the proper direction without under-estimating their decision or their choice, but modification of their decision can be done.

Key Issues

The main key issue in the given case is considered as the connection or the contact in the social networking site that too with the counselee and his partner to be the known as the former counselee of Kylie.

Being, a counselor, Kylie faces the dilemma of being friend of Jim or not, as the ethics of counseling, a counselor cannot be a friend of her counselee. The job of the counselor is to guide the counselee as per to the required pathway that he might have got confused due to the mental problems he is facing and make Jim understand the reality with empathy and direct eye to eye contact.

Compare and Contrast

According to the literature, the ethics of the psychotherapy can be considered to be the one in which counselor or the psychotherapy must incorporate the e-technology to their process of counseling. E-technology can be the new feature which can be included to the counseling technique. It will enhance the protocol during the counseling process.

But the contrasting feature as a counselor cannot provide any access to their personal social media, like face-book, instagram and few more due to the safety and security of the counselor. Social media sites are mainly for accessing the profiles that are generally being used for the personal entertainment. In the case of counselor, they might be harassed in the social media that are being used as their personal asset. Official and professional social media profile can be advantageous for the purpose of the counseling.

Ethical Responsibilities

“The Ethical Structure for Good Practice” in the field of advising is the moral code for guides, coaches, and chiefs in the directing field. It is likewise material to advising research, the utilization of guiding abilities, and the administration of directing administrations inside associations and organizations.

Principles of ethics emphasizes on the ethical responsibilities, with counselors for accounting any decisions. Ethical principles include (Wheeler & Bertram, 2015):

Fidelity (i.e. being trustworthy) – this is one of the fundamental for resolving and understanding the incongruence.

Autonomy – this principle that emphasizes the importance of respect and develops the ability of the counselee’s for self-directing.

Beneficence – reacting as per to the interests of the client, based on professionallism and working within the competence limits.

Non-maleficence – the responsibility for mitigating any injury to the clients.

Justice – focussing of any requirements and obligations legally and conflicts between the ethical and the obligations.

Self-respect – working towards self-awareness and taking care of the self. In other words, counselors need to apply all of the above principles to themselves as well as their clients.

Impact of E-Technology for Health Practitioners

In the era of 21st century, online sites are gaining more importance than the offline one. People are more concerned and dedicated to the online sites. They are comfortable on using e-technology, by sitting comfortably at home. E-technology enhances the passion for the counselor in counseling. It also helps for gaining extra knowledge in any particular cases. The effects of these technologies have a broader aspect in every field of and in the life of the mass of this century (Pope, K. S., & Vasquez, 2016). Psychotherapy or counseling also started developing under these headings. E-technology always has both positive and the negative ways in the field of counseling. Positive impact can be based on the accessibilities, which can help the counselee whenever they requires. Along with it, convenience, affordability also adds on the positive features of psychological aspect of the technology that is electronically designed. But the negative features exist in the broader aspect. The confidentiality and the personal life of the counselor may get exposed, which can be a negative effect on his profession. The main base of the counseling, the cue of the verbal communication remain absent in the case of the counseling session. Difficulty with the technology, the credibility of the therapists cannot be understood if e-technology is being used. However, technologies have rapid growth, but it cannot pose any such unique features or the possibilities for both the counselor and counselee.

Slippery Slope Argument

The slippery-slope argument is known to be the fallacy that an individual asserts for specific extension that will allow a particular incident to change inevitably on the basis of the question that may be asked. Most of the time, there are a progression of steps or degrees between one occasion and the one being referred to and no reason is offered in the matter of why the interceding steps or degrees will essentially be different journalists have grouped elusive incline contentions in various and regularly conflicting ways yet there are two fundamental sorts of contention that have been depicted as dangerous slant arguments (Volokh, 2013). One write has been known as The Causal slippery and the recognizing highlight of this sort is that the different strides driving from p to z are occasions with every occasion being the reason for the following in the sequence. The second sort may be known as The Judgmental Sleepy slope with the thought being that the "slant" does not comprise of a progression of occasions, but rather is to such an extent that, for reasons unknown, if a man makes one specific judgment they will judiciously need to make another et cetera (Jefferson,2014). The judgmental sort might be further sub-separated into theoretical dangerous slants and decisional elusive slopes.

Reference List:

AIPC Article Library | The Role of Boundaries in Counselling. (2017). Retrieved 22 April 2017, from

Bom, T., & Isbrand, V. E. (2013). Ethics of Psychology (Doctoral dissertation).

Fisher, C. B. (2014). Multicultural ethics in professional psychology practice, consulting, and training.

Jefferson, A. (2014). Slippery slope arguments. Philosophy compass, 9(10), 672-680.

Pope, K. S., & Vasquez, M. J. (2016). Ethics in psychotherapy and counseling: A practical guide. John Wiley & Sons.

Volokh, E. (2013). Slippery Slope Arguments. The International Encyclopedia of Ethics.

Welfel, E. R. (2015). Ethics in counseling & psychotherapy. Cengage Learning.

Wheeler, A. M., & Bertram, B. (2015). The counselor and the law: A guide to legal and ethical practice. John Wiley & Sons.

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