The health policies in food claims will help take decisions and plans in order to reduce the risk for a disease which is affected by total diet and lifestyle pattern use of the individual food. It will require the proper advertising and labeling of the food to prevent the etiology and the progression of the food associated chronic diseases. With the help of leadership of WHO policy statement, they will able to provide the most effective approach in the public health services.
The first policy of the Public Health Association of Australia resolves by undertaking the following actions management. They are well established to advocate the people by promoting the equitable food claims. They try to reduce the risks in food by marking the claims of the food. They make the anticipation of marking the best quality food and try to influence the behavior of the consumers in order to make them aware of the usefulness and the bad affects of the food that they are consuming. The main weakness of this policy is that it currently does not provide guidance as to the roles of the claims of food in provision (Sallis, Owen, and Fisher 2015). They also do not encourage the education regarding the public health nutrition issues. Public also debate the food labels and the standard of the foods they refer. Thus most of the regulations are not well funded. The main strength of this policy is that the outcome of the policy will be further monitored and evaluated by The Food and Nutrition Special Group. The information will be well updated on the basis of the health claims and health impacts. They will also try to permit the warning labels that link the individual foods that are associated with the disease outcome.
The second policy is related to the statement of WHO that addresses the food claim policies will follow the global strategy diet and physical activity policy. The strategies here are based on the available research on the food that is associated with the major cause of the non-communicable diseases. The strategies are based on the politics factors. They will enforce the role of the government which is crucial in achieving in any change of the public health (Knai, et al 2015). WHO public health strategies mainly target the governments of the country to encourage and build structures to address the problems associated with the aspects of diet, nutrition, and physical activity. They will also encourage the respective ministers to imply laws based on the food claims. The governments are required to label the nutritional values with respect to the codex guidelines on Nutritional labeling. The consumer's interest in health will grow, WHO thus adopts a national and political based policy statement to increase the attention of the consumers. As mentioned in the health claim statement, such a statement must not be misled. One of the major weaknesses of the statement is that it does not encourage the research to be carried on improving the health policies
A policy which is similar with the PHAA is the Public health and nutrition policy which is related to the Australian liberal. The document of the policy mamagement suggests that the food manifestation in quality is the most important in maintaining the health safety (Perkins et al 2015). The issue that is addressed with this policy is that there is a global market which is controlled by the small number of companies that delivers cheap food to the country. Most of the foods that are sold lack the nutritional values and have lead to the leading cause of the consequences like diabetes, coronary heart disease, and other food-related diseases. This policy will help argue and approach the public health nutrition in food through the medium of public health promotion. This policy will aim to address wider issues of who controls the food supply. They will thus fulfill the quality control and quality assurance of the food that is consumed (Brownson et al 2017).
Since the developed world is experiencing the nutrition based diseases like obesity and type 2 diabetes. All of these are mainly associated with the diet, food, and lifestyle., The nutrition transition is related to the urbanization. There is food globalization that will include the free trade liberalization. It also possesses the cultural and ideological aspects. In Australia, most of the adults and children are being affected by the poor nutrition diets. This policy will kill the emergence of the ‘food deserts’. It will label the best quality nutritious food and that too must reach all the people. It can reach all the people by making use of the policy that will provide affordable food. The neo-liberal policy of Australia will help the globalization of the nutritious food in the competitive international world. This policy will help in fiddling and fix the ingredients of the processed foods. Thus health claims will require a draft of the new legislation that will be regulating the food industry. These are the major strengths of the policy (Zipf et al 2013). However, the weaknesses as stated includes that it has no provision for research on the quality of food. It does not seek any social infrastructure that will be conducive to healthy decisions about food.
The differences in the policies with regards to the influential forces, principles and strategies
It is known that PHAA provides a forum of discussion for the public health in Australia. It tries to influence the behavioral aspects of the people which is mostly required in the implication of any policy. The influencing strategy that they follow is the publication of the reports like the preliminary assessment report and other journals they publish will influence and change the behavior towards the food they consume. The journals and reports will be giving the regulations on labeling foods and all the health related claims.
The global strategy adopted by WHO that influences the people is by providing a very strong claim of the foods. To increase the interest and trap the attention of the consumers they follow a very comprehensive strategy based on Codex guidelines of the nutritional labeling. They promote the health related messages by ensuring the safety and the nutritional values and needs of the food. The government is encouraged to facilitate the adoption of the agricultural policies with the national food policies. They very well state the sustainability of the claim of the nutritional values of the foods that the person will be consuming. They also encourage for the promotion of the food products. Thus with their statements, they have also increased the interest of some governments to take active steps in increasing the health claims (Watts et al 2015).
For public health and nutrition policy, they make promotions and ensure people of the growing risk with the wrong consumption of food and diet. They also highlight the leading cause of the globalization diseases lies Type 2 diabetes and enforce the governments to make promotions on the right nutrition food that is to be used (Bombak 2014.). They also claim for the sale of high quality food. This will capture the attention of the people (Tulchinsky and Varavikova 2014). Relationship between the political ideology, social determinants and strategies in each public health policies
The main political ideology followed by the Public health Association of Australia is that it is a government policy management that will provide the roles and the education to promote public health. PHAA is not free of equity. It has been found that PHAA does not reach or followed by all the sections of people. It has been found that the Aboriginal and the islanders are mostly deprived. WHO provides a global strategy for the health policies, however, the government in many cases may be following the social determinant rules and might not develop plans that will reach equally to people. In the neoliberal policy of Australia, Public health and nutrition policy very rarely it abides the rules of equity (Brownson et al 2017). They follow a politically neutral intervention in the policy analysis. They rely on the implicit linear model of political ideology in the policy outcome for the health benefit.
The policy statements will be adopted in such a way that it will have a huge outcome on the change in the consumer’s behavior. The success of the policies is measured with the magnitude of the indicators like change. They will impact through the changes in awareness, knowledge, and skills. They must not only impact any individual only but also the entire community capacity. Thus the policy will improve and prevent the diseases due to food.
Bombak, A., 2014. Obesity, health at every size, and public health policy. American Journal of Public Health (ajph).
Brownson, R.C., Baker, E.A., Deshpande, A.D. and Gillespie, K.N., 2017. Evidence-based public health. Oxford University Press.
Knai, C., Petticrew, M., Durand, M.A., Eastmure, E., James, L., Mehrotra, A., Scott, C. and Mays, N., 2015. Has a public–private partnership resulted in action on healthier diets in England? An analysis of the Public Health Responsibility Deal food pledges. Food Policy, 54, pp.1-10.
Perkins, G.D., Jacobs, I.G., Nadkarni, V.M., Berg, R.A., Bhanji, F., Biarent, D., Bossaert, L.L., Brett, S.J., Chamberlain, D., de Caen, A.R. and Deakin, C.D., 2015. Cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation outcome reports: update of the utstein resuscitation registry templates for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a statement for healthcare professionals from a task force of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (American Heart Association, European Resuscitation Council, Australian and New Zealand Council on Resuscitation, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, InterAmerican Heart Foundation, Resuscitation Council of Southern Africa .... Resuscitation, 96, pp.328-340.
Sallis, J.F., Owen, N. and Fisher, E., 2015. Ecological models of health behavior. Health behavior: theory, research, and practice. 5th ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, pp.43-64.
Thow, A.M. and McGrady, B., 2014. Protecting policy space for public health nutrition in an era of international investment agreements. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 92(2), pp.139-145.
Tulchinsky, T.H. and Varavikova, E.A., 2014. The new public health. Academic Press.
Watts, N., Adger, W.N., Agnolucci, P., Blackstock, J., Byass, P., Cai, W., Chaytor, S., Colbourn, T., Collins, M., Cooper, A. and Cox, P.M., 2015. Health and climate change: policy responses to protect public health. The Lancet, 386(10006), pp.1861-1914.
Zipf, G., Chiappa, M., Porter, K.S., Ostchega, Y., Lewis, B.G. and Dostal, J., 2013. Health and nutrition examination survey plan and operations, 1999-2010.