Project Management Modules Essay

Question:

Explain Project Management Modules.

Answer:

Introduction

The project management sessions completed during the semester have taught many things and deeper insights into that reach the practices to the core of the project management. There are many modules that have been explored to learn and practice various aspects and elements of the project management.

Project Management Modules

Facility Layout Six Sigma

Facility layout is basically understood as a detailed and specific arrangement of various aspects and elements, related to a particular organization or domain. Facility layout six sigma has been learnt in the form of various techniques and tools, all learnt and practiced for the improvement of processes. These methods have been helpful in improving the outcomes and output quality of the projects developed and implemented. it enabled to improve the quality of the outcomes of the projects, through removing the causes’ defects and reducing the possible variability. The quality methods used and practiced with this module are statistical and empirical methods and learnt how to create infrastructure, specialized for the people, in an organization.

Product and Service Design Just-in-time System

Just-in-time system is an effective system, with respect to the timelines and schedule of the project. The topics of the just-in-time, associated with the product and service design, have helped how to be in time, during the design of the product and services, in an organization. This methodology has helped to reduce the flow times, in the response time in terms of delivering the products and services, right in time.

Inventory Management Statistical Process Control

The statistical process control is an effective quality control method, which is implemented through statistical methods. The SPC applied in the inventory management enable the project manager to manage the resources and stock related to a business in an effective way, so that the right volume of the stock and inventory can be decided to make the flow of product and cash optimally.

Facility Location Material Requirement Planning (MRP)

Material Requirements Planning in the project management modules, enabled to understand how the planning and scheduling of the production can be done effectively and how to control the inventory, so that the manufacturing processes are well managed. MRP implementation through the software enabled to ensure that the raw material is available for the production, lowest possible material is maintained for production and well plan the activities of the manufacturing, purchasing and delivery schedules.

Capacity Planning Scheduling

Capacity planning is a vital process for an effective production scheduling. Usually, production scheduling is done with the target or goal of achieving an effective production planning. Various capacity planning tools explored and learned during the semester has helped how to make capacity planning, so that it gives a better understanding and analysis of how to make the production planning and scheduling.

Kanban Systems Location Planning

Kanban systems are one of the effective scheduling systems, which is majorly applicable for the just-in-time manufacturing and lean manufacturing. This inventory control system allows us to understand of how the supply chain can be controlled. This module also helped us to understand how Kanban can be used as one of the methods for achieving the Just-In-Time, for delivery of the products and the services. The inventory control system enabled to analyse and understand of how to make the location planning and the necessary tasks associated with them.

Project Management Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

The best module and learning to implement an effective and optimizing the project management is the enterprise resource planning. This business management software allowed us to understand of how the applications are integrated, which can be used to store, collect, interpret and manage the data by the organization, related to several business activities, such as manufacturing, product planning, inventory management, marketing & sales, shipping and payment, product purchases and important product planning.

Process Design Continuous Improvement

The semester has not only allowed us to study of how the design a process effectively in a project management, but also of how to get the process be improved continuously. The continuous improvement process guided to improve the processes, services and products. the increment improvements made over the process design, has built the confidence to refine and enhance the processes, so that there can be a considerable improvement achieved from the first project to the following projects.

Benchmarking Computer-Aided Design (CAD/CAM)

The computer aided design or manufacturing are benchmarked, in order to scale them up and tailor to be applicable for the unique requirements of the designs, needed in various projects. These computer enabled tools helped in creating, modifying, optimizing and analysing the designs to the best possible extent. The CAD and CAM have helped us to learn how to increase the designer’s productivity and also of how to improve communication, with the help of documentation and by creation and management of the database for manufacturing.

Reliability Brainstorming

The underlying objective of the project management is the reliability of the outputs or outcomes developed during the project implementation. The modules have taught of how brainstorming activities to be conducted in order to improve and enhance the reliability of the project and its overall outcomes. Reliability brainstorming helped to understand to improve the overall project management and even how to adopt this system, for the real time and real life tasks.

Productivity Brainstorming

When the reliability is the quality factor, productivity remains as a quantity factor. Every project is intended to optimize to extract the best possible productivity. Eventually, the brainstorming activities and the associated practices and methods to increase the productivity and the brainstorming help to brainstorm all possible ethical ways to increase the productivity, balancing the overall processes.

Productivity Forecasting

Productivity is the ratio of volume of the output to the volume of the inputs in a project. The productivity is also a measure of how optimally and efficiently the inputs of the projects can be used to gain the best possible productivities. This module helped in forecasting the potential and scale of the output, based on the inputs provided to implement the project.

Re-engineering Job Shops

Re-engineering is an interesting part of the entire semester, as it involves in the study and analysis of the overall business management strategy. The module guided to design and analyse the business processes and workflows, in a business organization. This process of re-thinking to improve the business process of an organization, in terms of becoming world-class competitors, cut the operational costs and improving the customer service, all in practical oriented sessions, job shops.

Robotics

Robotics is a new science and technology in engineering that deals with the construction, design, application and operations of automated tasks, similar to the robots. Robotics, when applied to the project management, guide the path, in terms of design, creation, construction, operation and application of the tasks and more importantly of how well these tasks can be automated and analysed towards betterment of the processes.

Conclusion

The overall learning from the project management modules have made to understand the project management and implement the projects effectively and efficiently. the modules and sessions learnt in the class provided enough confidence to implement the practices and methods for the project management in the professional career.

References

Bob Raczynski and Bill Curtis (2008) Software Data Violate SPC's Underlying Assumptions, IEEE Software

Duggal, Vijay (2000). Cadd Primer: A General Guide to Computer Aided Design and Drafting-Cadd, CAD. Mailmax Pub

Goddard, Walter E. (1986). Just-in-Time: Surviving by Breaking Tradition. Essex Junction, Vt." Oliver Wight Ltd.

Harry, Mikel J. (1988). The Nature of six sigma quality. Rolling Meadows, Illinois: Motorola University Press

Narayan, K. Lalit (2008). Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India.

Orlickly, J, (1975), Materials Requirement Planning, McGraw-Hill

Shaul, L. and Tauber, D. (2012). CSFs along ERP life-cycle in SMEs: a field study. Industrial Management & Data Systems,

Sheilds, Mureell G. (2005). E-Business and ERP: Rapid Implementation and Project Planning. John Wiley and Sons

Wheeler, Donald J. (2004). The Six Sigma Practitioner's Guide to Data Analysis. SPC Press

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