Project Management Leaders And Ethics Essay

Question:

Discuss about the Project Management and Ethical Issues.

Answer:

Introduction

The proper development of any project depends on the project leaders, project directors, project managers and all the stakeholders in the organization associated with the project. The proper conduct of everyone associated with the project can only be considered as feasible when the project team abides by their responsibilities, both managerial and ethical [1]. These ethical issues in a project would thus be identified through the analysis of a series of Project Management methodologies which would eventually bring out the ethical issues that are prevailing in the case study. Thus it would be easier to conclude that ethical issues do prevail in the behavioural responsibility of an individual in the project.

Project Management Leadership

Leadership skill in a project management is justified when the participants of the project are clear about their goals and know the proper way of proceedings with the responsibilities they are allotted in the project [2]. The case study describes in details about a project called Project A, where the regional director has been informed about the delay in delivery of the project. He, being irritated about the matter has ordered the accountant to look into the matter and analyze the situation henceforth. The regional director was ignorant about the difficulty that the project location can produce in the project and hence the delivery was delayed. Thus, the leadership skills of the Regional Director are not justified for this project.

Project Management Execution

The execution of a project only becomes wholesome when all the aspects of a project are analyzed well. In this case, however; the project execution has been facing a lot of problems since the initial research on the project was not done properly [3]. The project had been reported to go beyond the projected delivery time, and when the matter was looked upon it was found that the project location was faulty and not at all feasible to carry on with the task. When investigated further, it had also been found that the regional director was only selected based on the region he served and has not been very responsible with the project. There had been ranges of difficulties that had not been looked upon, therefore, hampering the project execution on time. It would have been better if the project had researched upon the project location and the feasible conditions to carry on the tasks.

Project Management Risk Analysis

Risk analysis of any sort of project is the procedure to find any incompatibility in the project that might harm it by creating issues in project propagation. Risks can be from any aspect of a program based on the project planning, team selection, budget and others [4]. However, in this case the project had faltered in researching about the location of the project where it was about to start. While commencing work on the site, the project team had faced several difficulties making it sure that the project deliverables would not arrive in time. This was a major risk issue that had the capability to affect the project by time and money. The remodelling of the entire project has been estimated to reach a certain limit of 7 to 10 million GBP. The risk can be mitigated only by remodelling the project, although there would be loss of capital.

Ethics Assessment

As per the records, the first and foremost approach of the project re-evaluation does not abide by the legal procedures. The project evaluation process has been handed to the qualified accountant in practise by the Regional Director, who has been in position. Nevertheless, the accountant had reported that the initial stages of the project itself had been faulty and did not follow the Ethics and Codes of Conduct as per PMI. The choosing of the wrong project location had affected the time of project deliverables and remodelling the entire project would need a heavy monetary value of 7 to 10 million GBP.

The project team’s financial director had stated that the reports conducted had no reliable estimates. The PMI codes of ethics and laws states that every person appointed with their responsibilities should deliver the personified tasks within the given deadline properly [5]. Therefore, the case study clearly states that the conducts were not according to the law as well as the PMI codes of ethics and laws.

Ethics Alternatives

The possible alternatives that the Regional Director could have gone through are by either handling the proper researches about the project location by him or would have revaluated the project delay by him. In addition, the cost estimation for the project remodelling could have been based on a better reliable source.

There are many advantages to the possible alternative as researching about the project location could instantly make the project shift to a better feasible location and thus there would have been no problems regarding the delay in project deliverables altogether [6]. However, if the Regional Director revaluated the project by himself, there would have been same consequences except for the illegal conduct that was done by appointing the accountant for the revaluation process.

Ethics Analysis

The ethical analysis of the project misconducts would be evaluated with the help of PMI Ethical Decision-Making Framework as the following:

Steps for Decision-Making

Ethical Decisions taken

1. Assessment

The qualified accountant have been in a dilemma that have put him in a position that makes out the fault in the project as well as estimates a huge amount of fund for remodelling the project.

2. Alternatives

The Regional Director could have researched well about the project or could have estimated the delay in the project by himself, that way the analysis would have had better credibility.

3. Analysis

The Regional Director and Project Manager would have been a better choice for the revaluation process.

4. Application

Applying the alternative process, the project could have been abiding the PMI Codes of Ethics and Laws.

5. Action

The only decision that could have been made in this situation is the revaluation process is conducted again by the Regional Director himself and not by any undesignated alternative person.

Table 1: PMI Ethical Decision-Making Framework

(Source: Created by Author)

Ethics Applications

Since the decisions taken previously were not abiding the PMI codes of ethics and laws, the evaluation and remodelling estimations had low credibility. However, the new decision taken can result into further delay in starting the task. Nevertheless, the project had already delayed in delivering, so incurring more time would be problematic, but it would be for the greater good [7]. The choice would be fair and justified to the stakeholders of the organization as well as the client.

Ethics Action

The final decision that must be taken in this regard is the revaluation of the Project A by the Regional Director himself with an effective team with constricted budget and time. The budget should also be kept in mind so that the remodelling cost does not affect the normal cash flow of the company [8]. The remedial actions would only be justified if a designated person is appointed for the task.

Conclusion

In the end, it can be concluded that the Ethical Conduct in Project A has not been justified according to the case study. The implications had been brought about right at the beginning of the task where the Regional Director has asked the accountant to look into the issues that had been in the project regarding the delay in project deliverables. This has resulted into several other findings that have not been abiding the PMI Code of Ethics and Laws. Such as the accountant making an estimation of a huge amount of extra funds as well as the finding of the faulty project location hampering the progression of the project. The ethical analysis has been effective in finding out the possible alternatives by which the project could have progressed further.

References

C. Colvin and M. McCracken, "Work Ethic, Social Ethic, no Ethic: Measuring the Economic Values of Modern Christians", Journal of Applied Econometrics, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 1043-1053, 2016.

M. Ljungblom and T. Lennerfors, "Virtues and Vices in Project Management Ethics", Project Management Journal, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 5-16, 2018.

L. Walker, "Ethics in Project Management Research on Values-Based Leadership in Project Driven Arenas", Organization, technology and management in construction: An international journal, vol. 6, no. 3, 2014.

T. Olugbenga Oladinrin and C. Ho, "Strategies for Improving Codes of Ethics Implementation in Construction Organizations", Project Management Journal, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 15-26, 2014.

J. Elegido, "Management Ethics: Placing Ethics at the Core of Good Management (by Dom?nec Mel?)", African Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 8, no. 2, 2015.

J. Davidson Frame, "Reconstructing Project Management", Project Management Journal, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. e2-e2, 2014.

H. Hydari, "Project Ethics", Project Management Journal, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. e3-e3, 2013.

K. Rose, "Personal Effectiveness in Project Management: Tools, Tips & Strategies to Improve your Decision-making, Motivation, Confidence, Risk-taking, Achievement and Sustainability", Project Management Journal, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. e1-e1, 2014.

How to cite this essay: