Professional Skills In ICT: Journal Of Ophthalmology Essay


Discuss about the Professional Skills in ICT for Journal of Ophthalmology.


Annotated Bibliographies and Recommendations

Schubert, C., Van Langeveld, M. C., & Donoso, L. A. (2014). Innovations in 3D printing: a 3D overview from optics to organs. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 98(2), 159-161.

This article discusses about the technology of 3D printing. The technology of 3D based printing is a process of manufacturing in which the materials that mainly includes metal or any form of plastic would be deposited upon the other in several layers [1]. This process would mean to produce a 3D object that might include a pair of glasses for the eye or any other form of 3D objects. The process of 3D printing has a contrast with the traditional form of ink-based printers that were able to produce a 2D object [2].

The article discusses about the current use of 3D printing in the field of engineering in order to produce various prototypes of engineering. Based on the recent advances in the materials of printing, it has been seen that the 3D printers are enabled in order to design objects that would be in comparison with the items that were manufactured traditionally. In contrast with the conventional form of printers, the technology of 3D printing possesses the potential in order to enable the mass customization of various kind of goods on a huge scale. They also have their relevance with the field of medicine that also includes ophthalmology [4].

In this article, it has also been shown about the usage of 3D form of printing in various medical applications that would also include about the process of the manufacturing of eyeglasses, dental implants and customized devices related to prosthetic [3]. With the review of this article, the potential of 3D printing is discussed, which would help in revolutionizing the process of manufacturing in the traditional way. The article also discusses about the important applications and the various limitations of the technology of 3D printing. It also validates the process of the production by producing a pair of frames of eyeglasses from the 3D blueprints.

The article also focusses on the fact that the 3D printing technology would be helpful in the field of medicine and healthcare. This process could be potentially helpful in order to make any form of organ. With the use of the seed material from the tissue of the patient, there would be problems of the rejection of the tissue that would be caused by several responses that also includes the graft of the tissue versus the rejection of the host. The concept based proof has also been done in this research. The technology of 3D printing would also provide an increase to the possibility that the fully new organs that would not be in shape of the organ of the parent might be produced. In the current times, the impact of the technology of 3D printing in the field of healthcare would be still small. Though the influence of 3D printing is small, yet the technology has a great potential in order to grow to a massive beneficial form of technology.

Based on the review of the above research, it could be highly recommended that though the article discusses about the use of 3D printing within the field of healthcare, but it fails to discuss about the limitations and the level of difficulty in the implementation of the technology of 3D printing. The article should also discuss about the future use of the technology within the other areas of the healthcare sector.

Gross, B. C., Erkal, J. L., Lockwood, S. Y., Chen, C., & Spence, D. M. (2014). Evaluation of 3D printing and its potential impact on biotechnology and the chemical sciences.

This article discusses about the fact the induction of the 3D printing technology. The technology of 3D printing has made their presence for nearly 30 years. Through these years, the technology of 3D printing has been revolutionizing the area of the research and the laboratories for the purpose of teaching. The article based on the 3D printing technology incorporates the history of the 3D printing. It also discusses about the various reviews based on the methods of printing and the current application of the technology [6].

The article focusses on the concept of 3D printing. The method of 3D printing could also be discussed as additive manufacturing (AM), solid-freeform technology (SFF) or the rapid prototyping model (RP). This technology was developed by Charles Hull. The discussion of this article also puts light on the various industrial related applications in relation with the technology of 3D printing. These applications are in relation with the aerospace and the automotive industries for the purpose of the printing of the important prototypes of the parts of the airplane and of cars. The prototypes based on the 3D printing technology could be designed for the various purposes for different renowned manufacturing companies. The research also discusses about the several applications of the 3D printing technology within the government defense sector and the private sector. The use of the 3D printing technology would include the various applications of 3D prototypes in prototyping of the guns and the various processes of manufacturing for military purposes in different countries. The paper also discusses about the impact of the use of 3D printing technology within the medical applications that were in use since the early 2000s that were used in the production of the various kind of prosthetics and dental implants [5]. Several applications of the technology of 3D printing that have emerged within the industry of the food sector and in the fashion industry have also been discussed [8].

The article discusses about the limited use of the technology of 3D printing within the biomedical applications and various areas of engineering. The use of 3D printing technology has also an incredible amount of potential within the chemical sciences [7].

Based on the above report it could be discussed about the recommendations, which would be needed in order to remove the limitations that are applied within the use of 3D printing. The report should compare about the basic methods of printing with the 3D based method of printing.


[1]. Miko?ajewska, Emilia, Marek Macko, ?ukasz Ziarnecki, Sonia Sta?czak, Patryk Kawalec, and Dariusz Miko?ajewski. "3D printing technologies in rehabilitation engineering." (2014).

[2]. Macdonald, Eric, Rudy Salas, David Espalin, Mireya Perez, Efrain Aguilera, Dan Muse, and Ryan B. Wicker. "3D printing for the rapid prototyping of structural electronics." IEEE Access 2 (2014): 234-242.

[3]. Dodziuk, Helena. "Applications of 3D printing in healthcare." Kardiochirurgia i torakochirurgia polska= Polish journal of cardio-thoracic surgery 13, no. 3 (2016): 283.

[4]. Huang, Wenbin, and Xiulan Zhang. "3D printing: print the future of ophthalmology." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 55, no. 8 (2014): 5380-5381.

[5]. Dawood, A., B. Marti Marti, V. Sauret-Jackson, and A. Darwood. "3D printing in dentistry." British dental journal 219, no. 11 (2015): 521.

[6]. Ventola, C. Lee. "Medical applications for 3D printing: current and projected uses." Pharmacy and Therapeutics 39, no. 10 (2014): 704.

[7]. Ambrosi, Adriano, and Martin Pumera. "3D-printing technologies for electrochemical applications." Chemical Society Reviews 45, no. 10 (2016): 2740-2755.

[8]. Yap, Y. L., and W. Y. Yeong. "Additive manufacture of fashion and jewellery products: A mini review: This paper provides an insight into the future of 3D printing industries for fashion and jewellery products." Virtual and Physical Prototyping 9, no. 3 (2014): 195-201.

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