Practice Of Nursing And Patient Care Delivery Models Essay

Question:

Describe about the Evolving Practice of Nursing and patient care Delivery Models?

Answer:

Nursing in the future

The planned education for the nurses began more than hundred fifty years ago. The educations practice was mostly done in the hospital or the schools that are based on the hospitals (Bender & Feldman, 2015). The trainee of the system that the student that wanted to be nurse will exchange their labour for the instruction that are to be provided for nursing and in the time when it was the dawn period of the twentieth century examination are conducted for the process of being a professional nurse who also has a license given up by the government for the practice of nursing. In the year 1940 more eleven hundred new schools were opened where student were educated for the process of nursing. There are a huge amount of schools of nursing that are available all over the globe. These forms of the schools were replaced by the school of nursing in the community colleges, comprehensive colleges and also the universities. Nursing practitioners provide all the types of health care according to his condition, if the condition is serious in nature they will provide specialized form, of health care and if the condition is well and good the patient will be provided with the primary health care services(CARLYLE, CROWE & DEERING, 2011). There are many emerging technologies that will become the course of change in the nursing practice world. There are seven upcoming technologies that are coming which will change the very course of the future like Genetics and genomics. The benefits of the techniques are that the majority of disease risks, therapies help in treating that condition that have genetics or the genomics effect in the environment and also the other factors that affect the entire profession of the nursing. The use of tools that are less invasive and more accurate in the cases of diagnosis and treatment, this tools helps in the cost effectiveness of the health care organisation and also minimizing the total amount of risk (Hickey, 2009). The use of d printing will change the coming course, it is also known as additive manufacturing it is a very sensible method in which objects layer are been built with the help of microscopic layer that helps in the fusion of the cross connection of molecules, this require scanning an object that is still existing with an 3D scanner that helps in gathering the data that are very important to help in printing of a 3D bio printer. The future nurses will be using the technique of robotics which will help in the massive improvement in the abilities of diagnosis;it is a very less invasive technology and a very comfortable experience in the part of the patients (KRAUSE, 1995). In addition to it robot will be used as a provider for the patients in the context of physical and mental care. The security of the health care system that is very much confidential should be pretty secured and it is done through the help of biometricsand also helps in managing the password if it is lost. The last and final development for the nurses in the course of future will be Electronic health care records. All the record of the patient are taken care of by the help of the nurses but sometimes it may lost or gets carried away. So to get the information in right place and also to apply it requires electronic health record or EHR (Shirey, 2008). This system will provide all the critical information about the patient and all the records and the timing for medicine and all the physical condition of the patient, this will help the nurses from not losing their data and also providing coordinate care all the time.

Nursing and Patient Care Delivery Models

The work of the physicians is far more different than that of the work of the nurses, the work of the registered nurses is very rarely organised around the population that is completely disease specific in nature. The model of care is a concept that is multifaceted and also defines the plans in which the health care is to be delivered (Yarbro, Wujcik & Gobel, 2011). The model of care of the patients on the regards of the nursing practice gives the ideas of the best practice in the patient care delivery through the help of the application of a set of principles that are across the identified clinical streams and the patient flow gradually continues. The main aim and the objective of the patients care delivery model is the best practice care within the organisation for a person or the group of population as they make their progress through the stages of a particular condition, injury or the event (Taylor, 2011). And the main objective of the patients care delivery models is making it ensure that the people get the right care that they optimally deserved and that should be given at the right time and right place with the help of the right team. In the phase of the implementation of the patients care delivery model and also in there developments there are certain principles that have been adopted by many health care services that are situated all over the globe, they suggested the few points that are necessary in the patients care delivery model are access to the service should be highly improved, inequality in the status of the health should be reduced, providing the patient with safe and admirable quality of the health care, promotion of a patient centred continuum for the care, the money that is invested by the patients should get there value, complete optimisation of the services that are rendered by the public and also the private, the balance between the care like preventive, primary and acute should be well maintained and also should be highly improved, the health care should be financially maintainable as an integrated system, a highly skilled and supportive work force is always required by the health care organisation. These guidelines are followed in maintain of the patient care delivery models and if this are ensured the health care organisation will function in a good way (Tran, Johnson, Fernandez & Jones, 2010).

Role of nurses in hospital settings, communities, clinics, and medical homes

Hospital setting- Nurses plays one of the main role in setting of the hospital, there role is in presenting the patients task car and more on providing the care management and coordination. The nurses should be completely task focused and maintain the patient should be there main motive providing the services to them 24/7. In order to the full task extent of their licenses they should be task focused (Mayer, Madden & Lawrenz, 1990). The main work is that they are the clinical leader in the hospital setting and also they perform the main role in the coordination of care that is to be delivered to the patients.

Communities and clinics- clinics are those that are found in the pharmacy chains like the CVS or the Walgreens they are the large retailers. A house pharmacy is filled by 95% of them are nurse practitioners and they offer the care to the patient that is quite fast. Affordable to the budget, they are accessible, completely efficient and are of very high quality. Some of the clinics that are of higher volumes also utilize the RNs for the purpose of flu shot and health screening (Potter, 2011). The public health nursing is a process that helps in working with communities and all the population being there partners that are equal. The places that are having vulnerable population are served and improved through the process of public health nursing; it helped in improving both the health and social condition of the people.

Medical homes- The patient centred home or the medical home is also team approaches that is made by the nurses but are multi-disciplinary in nature.Over here the patients are treated as equal partner in the process of there care.

References

Bender, M., & Feldman, M. (2015). A Practice Theory Approach to Understanding the Interdependency of Nursing Practice and the Environment. Advances In Nursing Science, 38(2), 96-109. doi:10.1097/ans.0000000000000068

CARLYLE, D., CROWE, M., & DEERING, D. (2011). Models of care delivery in mental health nursing practice: a mixed method study. Journal Of Psychiatric And Mental Health Nursing, 19(3), 221-230. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2850.2011.01784.x

Hickey, J. (2009). The clinical practice of neurological and neurosurgical nursing. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

KRAUSE, M. (1995). Patient Care Delivery. Nursing Management (Springhouse), 26(3), 48A. doi:10.1097/00006247-199503010-00012

Mayer, G., Madden, M., & Lawrenz, E. (1990). Patient care delivery models. Rockville, Md.: Aspen Publishers.

Potter, P. (2011). Basic nursing. St. Louis, Mo.: Mosby Elsevier.

Shirey, M. (2008). Nursing Practice Models for Acute and Critical Care: Overview of Care Delivery Models. Critical Care Nursing Clinics Of North America, 20(4), 365-373. doi:10.1016/j.ccell.2008.08.014

Taylor, C. (2011). Fundamentals of nursing. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Tran, D., Johnson, M., Fernandez, R., & Jones, S. (2010). A shared care model vs. a patient allocation model of nursing care delivery: Comparing nursing staff satisfaction and stress outcomes.International Journal Of Nursing Practice, 16(2), 148-158. doi:10.1111/j.1440-172x.2010.01823.x

Yarbro, C., Wujcik, D., & Gobel, B. (2011). Cancer nursing. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

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