Poverty And Exclusion In Global World Essay

Question:

Discuss about the Poverty and Exclusion in Global World.

Answer:

Introduction:

The evolution of mankind since time immemorial has concomitantly leaded to the emanation of several problems that thwart their existence gravely. One such problem pertinent to the modern times refers to the issue of global poverty that in general is attributable to the low income in individuals and simultaneously account for several other worst consequences. After revision of the poverty line was made, as per the World Bank data poverty may be equated to the condition in which a person earns his or her livelihood on less than 1.9 international $ per day. Adjustments of international dollars are made in congruity with the price differences across nations as well as across time. 766,600,000 people worldwide dwell in extreme poverty situation according to the data furnished for the year 2013. The data available from the World Bank sources have identified certain nations where a bulk of the population is thriving in circumstances of extreme poverty. The African nations such as Madagascar, Malawi, Congo, Zambia, and Mozambique are the ones to get worse affected because of brimming issue associated with poverty (ourworldindata.org, 2017). Although the technological advancement, economic growth together with increased exposure to quality healthcare and education facilities has cut down the rates of poverty significantly as was prevalent past three decades ago, yet the problem has not eradicated completely. These positive changes have paved the way for the realization of common good surpassing the benefits borne out of surpassing only one’s individual good. The utilitarian concept is thus applicable to acknowledge the benefits or utilities relevant to the society as a whole encompassing all or most member of the concerned community. Looking into the global perspective the issues associated with poverty normally comprise of unemployment, socio-economic disparity, social exclusion and inequality. The fundamental differences prevalent in the developed industrialized nations and the developing countries on matters related to poverty generate from causes such as delayed modernization, dearth of skilled workforce, lack of education and unavailability of requisite resources. The vital aspects of the social, economic and political scenario relevant to a country play a crucial role in predicting the venerable outcomes (Bhalla, & Lapeyre, 2016). Over the world, the world leaders, activists and the people engaged in providing equitable resources for one and all are now putting in immense efforts to narrow these differences. The World Health Organization (WHO) is among the forerunners in this field to advocate globally acceptable healthcare initiatives, offer regional initiatives and directs support to the authorities in the developing countries in order to address and resolve the needs of the poor people. Poverty and ill health are intimately related due to accessibility issues resulting from paucity of adequate healthcare facility, lack of provision for a decent home, clean water and proper sanitation (www.who.in, 2017). A positive environment generally facilitates the curtailing of the poverty issues through promotion of an equitable society. Other world agencies are in constant appraisal to put in endeavors that are rational, pragmatic and most suitable to mitigate the global concerns on a larger context by virtue of constant campaigns, monitoring programs and appropriate poverty reduction strategies. Therefore, in this regard a global and more insightful approach coming from the collaborative efforts from all participant countries concerned is desirable to harbor positive outcomes. A holistic outlook towards ameliorating the rates of poverty is absolutely necessary. First and foremost, creation of job opportunities will suffice the problem to a larger extent, given that one of the important causative factors for poverty is unemployment. A politically sound and conflict free environment is other necessity that needs for in depth and careful attention from all ends concerned. Hence, both the governmental and non-governmental contributions are equally sought to bring about the requisite changes in the social scenario. The developed nations should work hand in hand with the organizations engaged in the working for the poor, needy and distressed by means of providing technical and technological support to tackle the issues. Recent coalitions between world superpowers with those in the developing countries are already in progress, however more effective and long term objectives are required to create an equitable society devoid of any exclusion where benefits will be shared and enjoyed by everyone alike irrespective of their nationalities, caste or creed. The central focus in this respect should emphasize upon health and nutrition, educational intervention, provision for credit and basic insurance in terms of working capital thereby ensuring protection against possible risk (Smith, 2015). The dream of a poverty free society may be a matter of utopia for now, but collaborative and goal driven efforts that are already in vogue globally hold the potential to transform it into reality relying on the egalitarian principle.

References

Bhalla, A. S., & Lapeyre, F. (2016). Poverty and exclusion in a global world. Springer.

Ourworldindata.org,. (2017). World Poverty. Our World In Data. Retrieved 21 January 2017, from

Smith, S. C. (2015). Ending global poverty: A guide to what works. Macmillan.

Www.who.in,. (2017). WHO | Poverty and health. Who.int. Retrieved 21 January 2017, from

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