Poststructural And Postpositivist Theories Essay


Discuss about the Poststructural and Postpositivist Theories.


Poststructural and postpositivist theories hold that knowledge is not neutral. Representing the world is done in specific ways and in the process much is left out unrepresented as much as highlighted. This process is unavoidable, arbitrary as well as political. It is against this background that this paper probes and apply a Poststructural framework to present a comprehensive analysis of the latest Las Vegas’ mass shooting in. It is impossible to found knowledge purely on experience and systematic structures.

I will reject the idea of essential quality of dominant relation in hierarchy but deconstruct knowledge systems which generate multiplicity thus singular meaning illusion. Thus understanding the mass shooting in this case, it is essential to study both shooting itself and systems of knowledge which led to the mass shooting. Thus I will levy an attack against the western philosophy hegemony; rooted in ideals of enlightenment. It will operate as the critical framework which is radical philosophy that seeks social change to explain the need for change to understand why such mass shooting took place despite the modernism in the US.

Modernism presents a fragmented view of human history and subjectivity, yet present these fragmentations as something very tragic and which needs to be lamented as well as mourned as a loss (Fierke 2016). Thus works of art can be used to avail unity, coherence as well as meaning that has been lost in most modern life; thus art can do what human institutions have failed to do whereas postmodernisms celebrates this idea of fragmentation and hold that the world is meaningless and needles to pretend that art can make meaning (Fierke 2016).

Thus I will employ the postmodernism to establish the unmeaning in meaning and shunt to side concepts of subject and individual embedded in modernism teleological stories. Thus the post-structural aligns with postmodernism to dismantle Western historiography metanarrative. Thus the latest Las Vegas’ mass shooting disapproves the enlightenment idea that US thought it undergone based on the belief in structures and systems (Campbell and Roland 2016). The failure in the systems and structures led to the mass shooting as the security and Americans believed in modernisms theorist argument which have been dismantle here as American systems failed to control guns based on belief on enlightenment (Hiltzik 2017).


Campbell, David and Roland Bleiker. 2016 'Postructuralism', in T Dunne, M Kurki and S Smith (eds.) International Relations Theories: Discipline and Diversity, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
Fierke, K. 2016. ‘Constructivism’, in T Dunne, M Kurki and S Smith (eds.) International Relations Theories: Discipline and Diversity, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hiltzik, M. 2017. 'Thoughts and prayers' — and fistfuls of NRA money: Why America can't control guns. The LA Times. Accessed 14 October 2017.

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