Political Science: Relations Between USA And Mexico Essay

Question:

Discuss about the Political Science for Relations Between USA and Mexico.

Answer:

Introduction

Mexico- United States relations would be defined as the foreign relations among the United Mexican States and the United Stated of America. These two countries share a nautical and the land border in North America and have enjoyed a unique and flourishing association over the past decades. It was stated by a well known authority that the year 2015 would be initiated by his side from a visit to Washington, D.C. Also, it would embark on some innovative manners in which Mexico and the US could strengthen their bon in order to make North America the most prosperous and competitive area around the globe (Villarreal, 2016).

The range of U.S.-Mexican relationships was wide and goes further than political and bureaucrat associations. It necessitates wide-ranging profit-making, educational, and learning ties, with certain 1.4 billion dollars of business which work both ways and hundreds of thousands of lawful border crossings every day (U.S. Department of State, 2017).

It was in the year 2013, when the Vice President Biden and his Mexican regime matching parts established a High Level Economic Dialogue (HLED). It was launched to further elevate and strengthen the U.S. Mexico mutual profitable and financial association. The HLED was also predicted as a dynamic stage which was intended to advance planned financial and profitable main concerns central in order to endorse joint economic development, job design, and competitiveness (Grobe, 2014).

Mexico was observed to be the second-largest market for export in US (after Canada) and third-largest partner to do business (after Canada and China). It was in the year 2013, that the mutual business for goods and services increased upto $550 billion. The U.S. market supply also has been seen to be immensely dependent upon the exports of Mexico, though the country has also required expanding its places for export (Nieto, 2015).

Similarly, the border area which was described as the 10 U.S. and Mexican border states symbolizes a mutual inhabitant round about 100 million individuals and the world’s 4th largest nation. Collaboration among the two nations beside to the border comprises of the state and local issue-solving methods; shipping preparation; and teamwork in organizations that concentrate on resource, surroundings, and health problems.

But both the countries have a long past of assistance on ecological and natural resource problems, specifically in the border region, where there have been severe ecological issues caused by rapid population development, urbanization and industrialization. The relationship which exists between the two countries also has collaborated on the point of providing telecommunications services in the regional borders for more than 50 years. But the current border contracts have elaborated its area vastly as now it includes mobile broadband services also, such as smart phones, and same electronic means.

Legal and Illegal Migration

So, within the widespread realm of the relationship which exists between US and Mexico, there has been an important problem which subsists among the two countries i.e. the migration of the Mexican residents to US for work. At the center of America's unlawful migration crisis was the fact that unlawful migration was a role of lawful migration. As lawful migration has been relaxed, unlawful migration has prolonged beside it. As they have been considered as two sides of the same coin (Edwards, 2006).

The association among the two countries was at the focus of a brutal political dispute over migration, business and national security. The present President i.e. Donald Trump blamed Mexico of thieving U.S. jobs and promises to construct “a large, striking, influential wall” to restrict “rapists” and criminals from tripping the 1,951-mile border among the countries. Meanwhile, the ex- President Obama, while criticizing the “curse” of abuse from Mexican drug alliances, and defended the U.S.-Mexico relations, by stating that “the main character of the US was wrought by Mexican-Americans who have formed the culture, government, trade” (Karaim, 2017).

The combined viewpoints underlined the multifaceted knots and developing anxieties among the two countries, a rising financial authority with an increasing middle class but a state troubled by supporting bribery and ongoing drug-related abuse.

So, whenever problems related to immigration were being talked about then the era of 19th century was being studied as it was a useful period. As, this time period embarked the initiation of the trends of migration that have turn out to be very significant over the last half century, as they were segregated by high levels of both lawful and unlawful migration (American Diplomacy, 2012).

Therefore, migration from Mexico had been of vital importance in the first 3 decades of the 20th century, but the Great dejection overturned the stream during the 19th century, with Mexicans and Mexican-Americans flowing southward either by pick or pressure. This tendency overturned itself again with the establishment of World War II (Wooldridge, s2010).

In 1942, the governments of the two countries initiated the bracero agenda to get Mexican employees onto American farms; therefore a policy of lawful migration was opened as it would permit tens of thousands of Mexican males lawfully to enter the US every year. Additionally, unlawful migration commenced to send space rocket to hundreds of thousands of individuals per year, a number that comprised of females and kids, as opposed to the approximately solely male nature of the lawful migration (Bean & Cushing, 2000).

Also, the preponderance of anti-migration emotion was seen in 1976, when Congressional approval of Law 94-571 amended the 1952 Immigration and Nationality Act once. President at that time also admitted to the point that it would have pessimistic impacts on Mexico, by instituting a quantitative restriction of 20,000 permanent citizenship permits for all countries in USA, falling recognized Mexican migration by 60%.

Cheap Labour

Though, the ambiguity that sustained to permit Mexican migration to develop was that no application to compel punishments on the demand of US corporations for undocumented labor was permitted. The changes thus established a free surpass for employing, and managers resorted to old and innovative systems, as well as those constructed by migrants themselves, to convene their needs of the working class.

Progressively more in the services sector the financial activity turn out to be more concerted and jobs as they were the preponderance more part-time tasks. As increasing number of females fixed the labor market so the personnel that had been transferred to the industrialized sector had to reorder, parting open the most underestimated and untrained works in the sector. This action initiated to be occupied majorly with Mexican refugee employees, whether recognized or not.

But the innovative high expertise services division not only insisted dedicated and well-paid employees, but also needed a significant figure of inadequately paid manual workers, both citizens and refugees, additional extending the stratification of the working employees.

Drug Trafficking

On the issues of the relations of the two countries were being criticized by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) organization as it simply serves the interest of the American residents, while building the wealthy more wealthier and only granting trivial, in nature secluded interests to the deprived in Mexico (Roldan, 2015).

Though NAFTA assured to reduce immigration to the north, expanded FDI, and incited collective fiscal affluence in Mexico, such consequences have not turned up. Still, this organization has donated radically to a single market in specific i.e. the unlawful drug trade (McKibben, 2015).

Prior to 20th century, the Institutional Revolutionary Party, PRI government designated the main drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) into its corporate scheme. This association was established to be equally helpful as the PRI attained constancy by running the business of drug by authorizing a small number of organizations of drug industry (Finckenauer, Fuentes & Ward, 2017).

These organizations got benefit from the political authority given to them, and also the excessive proceeds available in the business of drug. Though, this change has fashioned an innovative risk. But the organization was modified structurally by parting and expanding their unlawful actions beyond the business of drug to incorporate kidnapping, extortion, etc. In spite the victory of NAFTA in escalating U.S.-Mexican businesses, its breakdowns have eventually aggravated the present business of drug.

Conclusion

So, at the end it could be concluded and observed that the long border stripe dividing the two countries was a area like no other in both the countries. On the one hand, the zone features a high amount of cross-national cultural and profitable incorporation and a custom of transboundary knots. On the other hand, the worldwide boundary divides countries having greatly dissimilar political systems and levels of monetary force, with both capitals remote from the areas.

But it was concluded that the Mexican migration to the US has fashioned the largest unilateral migration system on the globe. The sternness of the financial, supporting and communal terms in which the immigration of Mexico to the US takes place loads a appraisal of all of the development forms applicable in both countries.

Also, the North American answer was essential to determine the issues that the country was in front of as a consequence of the business of drug. But the Political conversion in Mexico also brought confrontations with changes in land and water law, etc. And these innovative configurations were still being consulted within Mexico, and their allegations for border cooperation were as yet unclear.

References

American Diplomacy. (2012). State Governments and Foreign Policy. Retrieved on 23rd February’ 2017 from:

Bean, F.D. & Cushing, R.G.(2000). The Relationship between the Mexican Economic Crisis and Illegal Migration to the United States. Retrieved on 23rd February’ 2017 from:

Edwards, J.R.(2006). Two Sides of the Same Coin: The Connection Between Legal and Illegal Immigration. Retrieved on 23rd February’ 2017 from:

Finckenauer, J.O., Fuentes, J.R., & Ward, G.L. (2017). Mexico and the United States: Neighbors Confront Drug Trafficking. Retrieved on 23rd February’ 2017 from:

Grobe, S. (2014). The US and Mexico- a strong but difficult relationship. Retrieved on 23rd February’ 2017 from:

Karaim, R. (2017). U.S.-Mexico Relations. Retrieved on 23rd February’ 2017 from:

McKibben, C. (2015). NAFTA and Drug Trafficking: Perpetuating Violence and the Illicit Supply Chain. Retrieved on 23rd February’ 2017 from:

Nieto, E.P. (2015). Why the U.S.-Mexico Relationship Matters. Retrieved on 23rd February’ 2017 from:

Roldan, G. (2015). Migration from Mexico to the United States: The Renewed Liberal Paradox of nafta. Retrieved on 23rd February’ 2017 from:

U.S. Department of State. (2017). U.S. Relations With Mexico. Retrieved on 23rd February’ 2017 from:

Villarreal, M.A. (2016). U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications. Retrieved on 23rd February’ 2017 from:

Wooldridge, F. (2010). Relationship Between Legal vs Illegal Immigration. Retrieved on 23rd February’ 2017 from:

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