Discuss about poliomyelitis in Pakistan?
Pakistan became one of the countries where poliomyelitis becomes endemic. Poliomyelitis is also known as polio and the causative agent of this infection is poliovirus. 83 percent of Pakistani children were vaccinated in the year of 1991. Door to door vaccination started after 1999
Problem related to the eradication of poliomyelitis is the unawareness of people and their meaningless fear about the vaccination procedure. Pakistani police issued warrants against the refusal of vaccination cases. They have arrested near about 13,000 to 16,000 Pakistani people who had refuses to vaccinize their children.
Poliomyelitis is a very infectious disease and it spread through fecal to oral route and transmitted via person-to-person and causes the paralysis of the child.
Symptoms of polio
People who became infected by polio virus are mainly asymptomatic. Symptom includes fatigue, fever, vomiting, headache, stiffness in the neck, severe pain in the body parts etc.
Polio eradication program
The prime minister of Pakistan approved the national emergency action plan or NEAP in 2011. The aim of NEAP is to stop the transmission of wild polio virus.
Conflict with polio
In Pakistan the infection became epidemic. Pakistan’s near about 152 districts have persistent in the transmission of polio virus.
Program to meet the problem
Therefore an educational program should be done for the proper education of the Pakistani people to eradicate polio from its root.
Limitations of the program
Pakistani people are not aware about the seriousness of the polio and they have meaningless fear about the vaccination so that can be a big obstacle in the success of the program.
The vaccination procedure is the only way to get rid of this problem. People have to be more aware about the seriousness of this disease.
Callaway E. Polio campaign at turning point, after Pakistan killings. Nature. 2012. doi:10.1038/nature.2012.1212
Roberts L. Fighting Polio in Pakistan. Science. 2012;337(6094):517-521. doi:10.1126/science.337.6094.517
1. Callaway E. Polio campaign at turning point, after Pakistan killings. Nature. 2012. doi:10.1038/nature.2012.12127.
2. Roberts L. Fighting Polio in Pakistan. Science. 2012;337(6094):517-521. doi:10.1126/science.337.6094.517.