"Paths of Glory (1957)" Movie Review Essay & Film Analysis

"- Patriotism - the last refuge of scoundrels." (C)
After several short films and two good, but cheap in the production of action-paintings, the future master of world cinema - Stanley Kubrick finally got control of the road, the big-budget movie with Hollywood stars . It was almost forgotten film adaptation of the novel by Humphrey Hobbies - "Paths of Glory", which the young director read while still a teenager, accidentally stumbled upon him in his father's library. The book was written in the mid-30s, and telling us about the times of the First World War, touching on the complex topic of moral - ethical relationships between officers in the army, the supreme commanders and ordinary soldiers. The plot tells the story of the failed attack the French garrison, which is against the wishes of the soldiers far from the realities of the front staff generals - did not comply with the order of command. Many of the soldiers were injured and killed, and the survivors were declared cowards. Wanting to make a show penalty, commanded the operation, General orders to conduct a military court. As a result, under the Tribunal fall randomly selected from the total mass of the surviving soldiers. Some of them had a glorious reputation and military awards for military valor. Wanting to save his men, the protagonist - Colonel Dax - in the past a good lawyer, decides to represent soldiers unjustly accused in court. But a cruel and ambitious General Paul Miro - it goes to do anything to this process culminated in the shooting ...
By the time the First World theme began to wane, as the writers and filmmakers appeared no less inspiring (if possible of course so speak) - recently culminating in the second World war. Stanley Kubrick turned to seemingly izezzhennoy subject, had to find a new approach to it. After the horrors of the war already wrote Remarque and Hemingway, and their outstanding works have been repeatedly ekranizirovanny. And large-scale historical militants filmed quite a few in the era of so-called "peplum". So the director used the book as a matter not for the military thriller with elements of drama, avoiding the same in his teeth navyazshey military romance. He put the picture close by genre in the judicial drama, which so loved to shoot in the later 90th years in the USA. However, the film Kubrick's not quite "12 Angry Men" (popular forensic drama Lumet - which appeared around the same time), as the process of the soldiers who fell under the distribution - only a small part of the plot. Unlike the later films of the master - it takes about 1.5 hours, and it does not seem tightened. Quick view of the characters, the action - as if fragments of a prologue, in which you specify the characteristics of the actors and their characters, the conflict between the characters, a military tribunal and tragic, devoid of anti-war fervor
finals for the first time in the caste of the film the young director a major Hollywood star.. Making friends on the set with Kirk Douglas, Stanley Kubrick subsequently remove this charisma is male actor in a leading role in his "Spartacus." But, as is usually the case in the tape Kubrick - picked up even minor roles, a little-known actors play at the highest level. We were very convincing in the roles of ordinary accidents Timothy Carey (Maurice), and young Joseph Torkl (Pierre Arnaud). Memorable images created George Macready (General Miro), Wayne Morris (Lieutenant Roger), Ralph Meeker (Corporal Paris) as well as Emile Meyer (Father Dupre). Among the performers are not mentioned - almost all the colorful, compelling actors. For example, I remember the episode with a shell-shocked soldier. In which General Miro bypassing the trench of the trench with the duty - "Are you ready to beat the Germans, my son," stumbles upon a frightened, nervous soldier who says that does not see his wife more. General strikes him in the face and ordered to transfer from your body. The character played by George Macready, at first seems not so unique personality, since he goes to the trenches, is on the face of battle scars and communicates with the soldiers not strictly according to the ordinance. For example leads a heart to heart talk with Colonel Dax, even offers to leave, thus freeing from participating in the forthcoming operation to take the Ant Mountain - well-fortified enemy area. However, during the battle, coming into a frenzy by the fact that not all the soldiers can go on the offensive - clamped in the trenches heavy fire of the enemy, General Miro ordered his gunners to fire at the same positions, in order to spur "sit cowards" for the attack. Subsequently, this fact is not, and even denies - the character Macready seems cruel and incompetent commander. But, no less ugly is the staff, General George Brular, who started this hopeless from a strategic point of view of the military operation, and later threw the blame for the failure of the offensive from their shoulders on ambitious Miro, and did not oppose an unjust tribunal, which fell accidentally selected from a platoon of soldiers. Some of them were unconscious during the battle, or were not able to go on the attack ...
Among other things, in the dialogue the characters mention the fact that patriotism - is the last refuge of scoundrels. This quote Colonel Dax results in a conversation with General Miró, shortly before the attack. On that General said that he was tired and it's time to relax ... It is always so. Wars begin those who personally have never been involved, in the best case - move the boxes on the charts weighing on the walls of their offices and sit in council of war. Fighting in the cold, dirt and hunger, the minute risk of being killed or severely mutilated - simple, often does not understand the people in politics. Many of which, as has been correctly observed - not live to see the victory. Therefore, living in such a turbulent time as it is now, I personally am not willing to give their lives in the war, which may well provoke a short-sighted policy of the current powers that be. So do not deem themselves either a coward or a traitor, if I may be on the agenda of such a war in the name of public interest, and I prefer to safely evade mobilization. However, this topic is very beautifully voiced characters in the book and film "All Quiet on the Western Front." Stanley Kubrick withdrew the movie on the other, though it as well. Katina "Paths of Glory" - a human, Soldiers relationship. The fact that a high rank allows you to create arbitrary and avoid responsibility for, and the "little people" - only a pawn on a chessboard, which "large" often manage on my own. As well as that bastard - there will always be a scoundrel, no matter what's stripes and insignia he had not pinned on his uniform. A good guy can be like an officer or just an ordinary ...

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