Organization Development And Change: Stakeholder Mental Model Essay


Discuss about the Organization Development and Change for Stakeholder Mental Model.


Analysis of Stakeholder Mental Model Income Inequality in Philippines


Mental Models

Identities (roles) assumed


Beliefs/ Values

Attitudes/ typical behavior

Government agencies

-Peoples protector

-Initiate projects to alleviate poverty

-Will oversee fairness to all citizens.

-Will act in the best interest of the people

-Will not steal from the public covers

-Will always act in neutrality to all people

-Neutrality to all

- Integrity


- Not neutral to all


Community Groups and Civil Society Organization

-Champions for the rights of the citizens.

-raise concerns on behalf of the people should the government mistreats them.

- Will always protect the poor





Political Parties

-Champion for the rights of the citizens

-Sponsors bills to help the poor

-Will always advocate for its supporters

- Partial



- Not so democratic

Government agencies always have a role of protecting her people and ensuring that all citizens regardless of social status receive equal treatment. It is assumed that the government always acts in the best interest of the people and beliefs in neutrality and integrity. But the attitude is always different especially after elections. Her decision making can be said to be hierarchical. More weight is given to the opinions of the senior government officials regarding the issues of income inequality in Philippines and any other government decision.

Community groups and civil society organizations have strong identities in championing for the rights of the citizens especially the vulnerable in the society because most of them are formed for this purpose. They are assumed to always stand for the poor and protect them. They believe in equity and fairness for all and are very democratic and fair in what they do. The background here is that of egalitarianism has they involve everyone in decision they make.

The Political parties are always overzealous on the rights of the people especial its supporters and have roles of sponsoring bills to parliament to champion for the rights of the poor.They are assumed to be advocate for their supporters and belief in equality and democracy. The political parties are not democratic in practice. Their view on one issue depends on their interests and political ambitions. They exhibit individualistic background’s norms and values.

Critically Consider/ Briefly Describe/ State

When tackling the wicked problem the government plays the role of policy development and resource allocation in a bid to resolve the issues of income inability in Philippines. The Civil groups agitate for these policy changes while the political parties sponsor the bills through their legislators in the parliament.(Proceedings of the joint AFAC, 2006)

The new government is filled with rage and emotions because the previous regimes talked about reducing income inequality but it didn’t. Same thing applies to the civil groups. They are rearing to make wholesale changes including bringing federal government to help distribute the resources and reduce income inequality among the poor and the rich. The political parties which make up the congress are accused of being corrupt and demanding money before supporting any bill. The espoused theories and theories-in –use do not match perfectly because of the issue of corruption on the part of the politicians in congress. What needs to be done is the President to summon congress and persuade them into buying his idea of federal government. The entrenched undemocratic nature of the political parties hinders progress towards goal and this can be resolved through intense lobbying by the government in a good way for them to buy into the idea of supporting good deeds being done by the new government.(Bee, Berzins, Calam, Pryjmachuk, & Abel, 2013)

Looking at the issues raised on what the previous regimes have been doing or not been doing and bribery allegations against the congress and by extension the politicians, then it has been appreciated that the entrenched culture have a very strong bearing on the decisions and actions taken by any group will depend on its believes and values and measures have been suggested to mitigate them.

The stakeholders are concerned on a number of issues which might hinder the process of bridging economic inequality in Philippines through the federal government. Concerns about if the congress will support the change in constitution - as it has a long history of opposing any change to the constitution - to create new system of government that will address the inequality in Philippines. The federal system of government which will ensure every part of the Philippines receive its fair share of the national resources. ("Journal of Political Economy", 2016)

I t will require approximately one year to have all the discussions done with all the stake holders and also educate the public on the meaning of the new system of government being proposed. This will also provide ample time for budgetary allocations that will support the new government and that’s fair enough.


Bee, P., Berzins, K., Calam, R., Pryjmachuk, S., & Abel, K. (2013).Defining Quality of Life in the Children of Parents with Severe Mental Illness: A Preliminary Stakeholder-Led Model.Plos ONE, 8(9), e73739.

Journal of Political Economy. (2016). Journal Of Political Economy, 124(4).

Nassreddine, G. &Anis, J. (2012). Stakeholder approach, Stakeholders mental model: A visualization test with cognitive mapping technique. Management Science Letters, 2(2), 439-456.

Proceedings of the joint AFAC.(2006). [Melbourne, Vic.].

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