Obesity Management In Acute Care Nursing Essay

Question:

Discuss about the Obesity Management in Acute Care Nursing.

Answer:

Introduction

The current study deals with the topic of obesity management. The different views to obesity management have been taken into consideration over here. One of the views says that management of obesity from early childhood stages could control the rate of obesity in adulthood. This view has been contradicted in the current assignment with the view that childhood obesity management cannot control obesity in adulthood and has been further supported with evidence based literatures.

Managing childhood obesity key to reducing obesity in adults

The current study discusses the impact of management of childhood obesity in controlling the rate of obesity in adults. As mentioned by Dietz et al. (2015), controlling the rates of childhood obesity can help in raising healthier adults with more control over their body weight and various metabolic activities. Obesity is much affected by lifestyle and dietary habits undertaken by one in the long run and has little to do with childhood approaches to obesity (Menigoz, Nathan & Turrell, 2016).

In rarely 1-2 % of the cases obesity is associated with underlying genetic conditions such as Down, Bardet Biedle, Prader Willi (Dietz et al., 2015). On the other hand, poor diet and lifestyle habits have also been seen to play a pivotal role in the development of obesity related health disorders. It has been seen in many cases that an individual who has been morbidly obese in childhood has been able to regain his normal body weight in adulthood though proper diet and exercise; whereas an individual who had not been particularly obese in childhood had gained tremendous weight in adulthood. As mentioned by Johnson (2015), the current diet and lifestyle approaches of a person are also dictated by the kind of employment that one is engaged in. An individual engaged in desk work has much more tendency to gain weight than an individual engaged in active field work (Dietz et al., 2015).

The lifestyle approaches through childhood could not be directly linked with the development of obesogenic conditions in adults (Alexander, Henderson, Shrewsbury & Baur, 2014). Obesity occurs due to excess of stored energy in the body, which is again influenced by hormones and metabolism. Both hormones and metabolism are dependent upon the lifestyle approaches chosen by one. On the contrary, environmental triggers such as influence of peers, lack of healthy food options, lack of adequate health education further contributes to making wrong food choices by one. Inspite of active childhood, individuals who resort to high calorie food and sedentary lifestyle in adulthood have been seen to gain weight considerably.

Conclusion

From the above analysis, it could be said that genetics, food and lifestyle choices has profound influence upon the health of an individual. Hence, irrespective of the stage of life that one is in and the activities undertaken though a particular stage, negligence shown at a later stage can result in the accumulation of unnecessary fat in the body and result in weight gain and further health consequences. Health education and campaigns can contribute to reducing the amount of obesity in the population by effectively regulating lifestyle and food habit.

References

Alexander, S. M., Henderson, J., Shrewsbury, V. A., & Baur, L. A. (2014). A Pre-post pilot study of Weight4KIDs–A health professional e-learning program for paediatric obesity management. Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, 8, 1.

Dietz, W. H., Baur, L. A., Hall, K., Puhl, R. M., Taveras, E. M., Uauy, R., & Kopelman, P. (2015). Management of obesity: improvement of health-care training and systems for prevention and care. The Lancet, 385(9986), 2521-2533.

Johnson, H. (2015). Eating for health and the environment: Australian regulatory responses for dietary change. QUT L. Rev., 15, 58-79.

Menigoz, K., Nathan, A., & Turrell, G. (2016). Ethnic differences in overweight and obesity and the influence of acculturation on immigrant bodyweight: evidence from a national sample of Australian adults. BMC public health, 16(1), 932.

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