Child Labor General
Millions of children all around the world are being forced to work in dangerous jobs, for long hours and little pay. Children are strip from their childhood and education because families believe working is far more important. There are struggles children must face like risks to health injuries or abuse from factory owners. People around the world should be aware of the negative effects’ child labor bring upon children and try to find ways to end it.
Open Web Source
Summary: Rosslyn Natalie Shire is a twelve-year-old girl who wrote a journal entry about how her day was working in the factory. Rosslyn has been working in a factory for Mr. Morgan ever since she was five years old; her job required her to “pick small seeds out of cotton”. She arrived late to the factory one day and was punished by Mr. Morgan.
She noted that no one checked up on her. Rosslyn finished working when the sun came down and ran home only to find “new set of blisters” on the heel of her foot. Rosslyn repeatedly rubbed her arm until she finally falls asleep by crying.
Rhetorical Situation: The need for a blog post is to show the struggles that children have to endure. The journal entry gives insight of experiences Rosslyn went through when working. People reading the journal entry through the eyes of Rosslyn would be able to understand what child labor feels like.
Audience: The blog post targets young teenagers it derived from a history class which means that teenagers can relate since they would be in a similar age group. Teenagers could picture themselves being in Rosslyn’s position.
Genre: The following blog post focuses on a journal entry written by a young teenage girl who describes her experience working in a factory. The journal entry had a date listed on the top, and the entry started off with “Today was one…” (Rosslyn). The journal entry gives a real-life example of what a child might experience.
Purpose: The purpose of the journal entry is to describe one experience that a child would go through. Rosslyn speaks about her family’s poverty and how she work for little pay. She writes about her feelings and how she felt when Mr. Morgan physically abused her.
Stance: The journal entry has shown to be critical towards the idea of working at a young age. For example, Rosslyn wrote “Until at last, I cried myself to sleep” to show her audience that she is not happy with her life. From the beating to the crying, she disapproves of the idea of working at a young age.
Summary: Western manufacturers believe that ending business ties with companies that depend on child labor would help put an end to the issue. Child labor strips children of their chance of receiving education and deprives them of their childhood. Poverty is the reason why children have to be working long shifts in dangerous work zones. The way to end child labor is if countries improve their standard of living. If the rich are willing to put an end to child labor in countries, they should be “pushing for debt forgiveness in the poorest countries, or by opposing protectionist trade rules that prevent the poor from exporting their goods” (“Consciences and consequences”).
Rhetorical Situation: The publisher wanted to prove that western manufacturers idea of ending child labor was wrong. As a result, the publisher provided two different solutions as to how they can help end child labor which is covering debt and fighting against laws which stop poor countries from selling their goods.
Audience: The weekly newspaper with a format of a magazine, The Economist, is edited by offices in London. There are words such as, “opposing protectionist trade rules” and “double its exports of textile and clothing” which can only be fulfilled by policymakers or economists (“Consciences and consequences”). The magazine article and academic journal both targets the same type of audience.
Genre: The genre of The Economist, is a magazine that focuses on economic or political policies all over the world. The title of the magazine and sections on the website shows that it concentrates on laws that affect a country’s economic state.
Purpose: The purpose of the magazine article is to recommend solutions that bring an end to child labor. The solution is to increase the standard of living in countries that still enforce child labor. Other wealthy businesses can help “by pushing for debt forgiveness in the poorest countries, or by opposing protectionist trade rules that prevent the poor from exporting their goods” (“Consciences and consequences”).
Stance: The magazine article took on a biased and critical stance because the language displayed disapproval of child labor and focused on ways to end it. For example, “No reasonable person can support child labour” shows how the publisher is biased for abolishing child labor (“Consciences and consequences”).
Summary: Jessica Contrera, a writer from Washington Post spoke about a man named Lewis Hine whose goal was to spread awareness about child labor. Hine pretended he was a salesman “who wanted to spread the good word to the laborers inside” but took photographs of the working conditions. The photographs were valid proof for laws to be passed to abolish child labor. The message that Hine wanted to show was that children should not be the breadwinner of the family. America was able to see the negative outlook on child labor and take children out from this issue.
Rhetorical Situation: The newspaper article was published to give respect to Lewis Hine, a man who successfully captured the attention of America by publishing photographs of children at work. The photographs changed the public’s view on child labor and encouraged laws to be passed to abolish it. Hine was the one who was able to take millions of children out of hazardous working conditions.
Audience: Jessica Contrera targets adults because they are the type to read the news to be updated on what’s going on in America. The language throughout the newspaper article is very formal. There are phrases like “expose wrongdoing is hardly revolutionary” and “popularizing a style of portraiture” (Contrera). Unlike the open web source which targets teenagers instead of adults.
Genre: East Bay Times is a daily newspaper that derived from California. The newspaper company focuses on news around Bay Area. The newspaper article has a headline and photographs that support the author’s main idea.
Purpose: Jessica Contrera’s purpose was to inform society that child labor is still an issue today. Contrera spoke about Hine’s legacy to explain how the world started to notice the negative effects. She stated the National Child Labor Committee which published Hine’s photos, shut down. Therefore, Contrera wanted to inform society with hopes that child labor would be brought to light again.
Stance: Jessica Contrera was passionate and bias when writing the newspaper article. When Contrera spoke about Hine and his efforts, she spoke of him very highly. For example, “None, as of yet, have had to impersonate a Bible salesman to get the job done (Contrera). Contrera admired Hine for faking a role to expose what really happened in the factories.
Summary: Child labor is very common in developing countries since they have labor market failures and is underdeveloped. To abolish child labor, “the global adoption and enforcement of the entire body of 110 core labor standards” (Pally) need to be addressed because it explains why child labor exists. Labor standards are the solution to labor market failures and the increase of economic development in developing countries. When countries follow labor standards, their labor markets will benefit the working people and support its economy. Therefore, child labor would be suppressed once countries follow the labor standards.
Rhetorical Situation: The academic journal is needed to provide research on the causes of child labor and how labor standards are the solution to abolishing child labor. Thomas I. Pally wanted to break down every aspect of child labor starting from how child labor was established to what countries should do to try to minimize it.
Audience: The academic journal targets economists and policymakers. The solution that he comes up with applies to people with power who are knowledgeable about laws and economic policies. Pally states, “as it operates in the global economy, requires new institutions that promote a different path of development” which cannot be done by common people.
Genre: The academic journal article is a research-based writing that focused on the topic of child labor. Pally has supporting data and facts from his studies to back up his claim of having countries follow labor standards to end child labor. Pally adds in quotes from other popular economists as evidence.
Purpose: The goal is to explain aspects of child labor and advocate for labor standards. Pally states, “for this reason are at the heart of the solution to the child labor problem”. He wanted us to understand child labor so that he could lead into a solution to fix the issue. Although each article have a different purpose, they all agree that child labor is an unfavorable act.
Stance: The academic journal article is opinionated and biased. Pally advocates for labor standards abolishing child labor. For instance, “Labor standards are good for developing countries because they help remedy the problem of labor market exploitation” (Pally). As you can see, the writer favors labor standards and explains how it would help end child labor.