This sonnet depends on expectation and consolation to push ahead throughout everyday life, in spite all things considered, and regardless of how extreme life may move toward becoming. It is likewise the showing of the affection a mother has for her child. Behind this adoration, the artist accentuates the possibility of never surrendering in any circumstance.
The speaker in this sonnet is a mother who offers exhortation to her cherished child, who may likewise be believed to speak to the more youthful age. Since the mother has effectively confronted the difficulties of life, she wants her child to be gutsy and strong even with these difficulties and to likewise prevail throughout everyday life. The ballad is grounded in the recollections and encounters of a mother. The tone of the sonnet is instructional, empowering, and confident.
The artist opens this lyric by introducing an examination between the mother's life and a slippery staircase so as to demonstrate that her life has not been simple and impeccable. The mother starts by tending to her child: "Well, child, I'll let you know:/Life for me ain't been no precious stone stair." Her life was loaded with difficulties and challenges, for example, "It's had tacks in it",/And fragments." The utilization of broadened illustration contrasting the mother's existence with a staircase proceeds all through the ballad, with the reiteration of the line, "Life for me ain't been no gem stair."
The mother appears to have been conceived in neediness, as the pictures uncover: "And barricades torn",/And puts with no rug on the floor." This shows she encountered unsafe conditions, which by one way or another she expected to venture over to arrive where she stands now. At that point, she proceeds to state, "However all the time/I'se been a-climbin' on" exhibiting that, regardless of her hardships and inconveniences, she continued proceeding onward and climbing the staircase. She proceeds to state that she did this "… some of the time goin' in obscurity"," by which she implies the low snapshots of her life where there has "been no light." The utilization of nearby vernacular she uses to offer exhortation to her child—"So kid, don't you turn back" — is an impression of the adoration the mother has for her child. At last, she spurs him to never feel down and out because of any disappointments throughout everyday life. She urges him to proceed onward simply as she did, regardless all things considered.
Hughes suggests the Biblical symbolism of Jacob's Ladder by utilizing the all-inclusive representation of a staircase. Also, symbolism of dim and light inspires times of vulnerability in his mom's life, which Hughes' has recovered as an exercise for him in his very own life.