MGT723 Research Project 7 Essay


"Is there any reduction observed in the carbon emission for the firms providing incentives to their management?”

Title: Stakeholder Impact and the reduction in CO2e by different industries according to their size/volume.

Criteria: Introduction:

What is your research problem?

Literature Review – Summary

Provide your summary (maximum 1 page) of the theoretical argument leading to the conceptual model with theoretical constructs clearly identified.

Conceptual Model:

Provide a diagram to show the relationships between the key theoretical constructs. This may have changed from Task 1 and should be updated to be consistent with the remainder of this assessment item.


Indicate your hypotheses – they will be assessed in your Assessment

Data Collection

Complete the spreadsheet and submit it separately.

Data Analysis - Descriptive:

Provide a descriptive analysis of the relevant data from the CDP dataset provided. Maximum of five pages.

Data Analysis - Inferential:

Describe the inferential statistics that you plan to use to test your hypotheses



Environmental factors are issue of a great concern to each and every individual especially when it affects the current generation. Carbon emission illustrations has shown that greenhouse gases are the main cause of negative environmental degradation. Apart from research, scientist have also agreed that greenhouse are the main culprits of climate change issues and have mislead people that the entire issue is about global warming. When burning fossils, the carbon is relished to the air inform of the carbon dioxide, this gases trap also radiation in the atmosphere and this hangs the overall temperature of the atmosphere. It is important to note that the largest producer of carbon emission comes from electricity generation. This contributes to more than 32% of the greenhouse emission. The United States government noted that over 70% of power used comes from burning fossils and more specifically coal and natural gas. Apart from electricity, the other largest contributor of carbon emission is the transportation which accounts for over 28% of the greenhouse emissions. This carbon comes from things like vehicles, train and even ships.

According to the data given, the United States alone has received total Emission increase of 5% since the years 1999. Despite the fact that this level dropped in 2011, the rate of emission is still very high compared to other countries. The drop in that one year is primarily caused by the decrease in demand for the electricity simply because the electricity demand came relatively lower than expected (Keller & Oschlies., 2014 pg678). Many countries have cited that carbon emission are the main cause of industrialization. Since the beginning of 18th century, human activities have pumped in more and more carbon into the atmosphere and this activity has caused an increase in the carbon levels in the atmosphere.

Literature Review

When countries talk about carbon emission, the main focus is on the rate of carbon-dioxide emission. Naturally the CO2 released into the atmosphere in a number of ways. The largest source of corbondi-oxide in most countries is imbalances in the ocean and in the atmosphere. In the country listed in the research. There is also a various exchange of carbon-dioxide oceans and atmosphere. Report also shows that animals have also emitted carbon dioxide through the process of respiration when this decompose, most organism and soil produce energy which is emitted in the atmosphere. Several companies are taken into consideration just to demonstrate the effect that the carbon emission has to the country and to human character. Amgen is a company that discovers, develops and manufactures innovative therapeutics. Being a biotechnology company it as to realize the new technology based on the functions and the environmental needs. It has to adhere t the rules and regulations of the country. In all there manufacturing processes, they must ensure that the rules and regulation of the country is are followed.

Theoretical framework

So many firms have come up with reduction initiative aimed at reducing carbon dioxide around the world simply because carbon dioxide emission is one of the areas that may sabotage a countries economy. In the year 2015 the United States president announced that there will be new rules and regulations in place that will serve as a reduction measure of carbon dioxide reduction in the country. The presidents says that each and every state will have only one year to amend theirs rules on how they will reduce their emission per megawatts. This strategy will actually help in having a better environmental strategy. The research design presents a comparison in way and reasons why countries reduce the rate of carbon emission.

Conceptual Model

The conception model represents the dependent variable and independence variables. In this case, the Dependent variable is response from different governments in relation to the Emissions. The company’s represented in the report are the mediating variable because they are the counties that implements the government’s rules and regulations. The conceptions model also represents the Hypothesis. This is bot null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis. The two hypothesis presents a guideline of the entire pattern in the work done by the various stakeholders responsible for the emissions.


Some firms reduce the rate of carbon emission than others firms based on their countries’ regulations.

This hypothesis is based on the two variables.

Data Collection

Data collection.

Data collection was done using spreadsheet which is then taken to the specialized software’s for analysis. This data is collected from different company in different companies. The shown in the excel sheet, the data is based on what different companies deal with and how this dealing affects their operations. This companies are then put into several categories and explanation given to make the users understand them more and better (Lau & Eng, 2014, 675). The data from excel is coded into SPSS software for analyst. This makes different strategies used by different companies to deal with carbon emission better understand by the people who are meant to use the research.

Data Analysis - Descriptive:

Descriptive analysis done on the SPSS software, SPSS held to measure descriptive values such as mean, median and mean. This values presents the true figures of the data collected. SPSS presents a frequency command which can be used to determine the rate of percentile, measure of central tendency and rate of dispersion. The above diagram has two left column that are called statistical and which has two different statistically values. This presents the means, the median and the mode of the statistics. The skewers measure is greater than 0 when the distribution is skewed. The kurtosis measure is 0 for a normal distribution. Positive values imply a leptokurtic distribution, while negative values imply a platykurtic distribution. Data analysis is an important because it help the researcher and the analyzed to make sense of the row data collected during data collection. Descriptive information produced from the SPSS software is useful because it provide some level of accuracy in the data.

Data Analysis – Inferential

From the research done, it is noted that a set of measurement can be regarded as measurement fund on sample of item coming from a sample population. This is simply because it is usually difficult to measure every item that was collected. In this regard, the inferential analysis was be done on the country against the rate of carbon emission. This will provide a clear map on the impact the industry emission have towards the environment. Inference value can only be true if the values picked represents the entire population. By choosing the country and rate of emission, the sample will defiantly reflect the population.


Lau, L.S., Choong, C.K. and Eng, Y.K., 2014. Carbon dioxide emission, institutional quality, and economic growth: Empirical evidence in Malaysia. Renewable Energy, 68, pp.276-281.

Keller, D.P., Feng, E.Y. and Oschlies, A., 2014. Potential climate engineering effectiveness and side effects during a high carbon dioxide-emission scenario. Nature communications, 5, p.3304.

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