Methodology And Methods: Contemporary Human Sciences Essay

Question:

Discuss about the Methodology and Methods for Contemporary Human Sciences.

Answer:

Advantages and disadvantages of methodologies

Saini and Budhwar (2008), in their research study related to the human resource approach in SMEs have developed a case study on the practices related to people management of the firms. The research also followed the implementation of the primary data collection method for collecting useful and relevant data from the employees working in the firms. The data being collected in the data collection process were analyzed by the use of matrices in order to develop key emerging themes related to the research topic. Thus, the authors had been able to develop emerging theories by following the “inductive” and “positivism” research approach.

Sendog du, Kocabacak and G?ven (2013), in their research study related to the relationship between human resource management practices have utilized “deductive approach”. The authors adopted the practices and variables resulted to the HRM in order to find the relationship between the HRM practices and the commitment of the organizations. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics which helped in exploring the relationship between the variables involved in the research study.

Advantages

The implementation of the deductive approach would be enabling in saving a lot of time as the approach does not require the individuals to develop new theories and models related to the research topic. The “positivism” research approach would be facilitating in developing the hypothesis by the use of testing procedure (Bhaskar 1998). The “Descriptive research design” would incorporate the guidelines needed by the researcher for further propagation of the research study (Ormston et al. 2013). On the other hand, the “Inductive research approach” would be requiring the individual to develop new theories and models related to the research study. Thus, the implementation of the “Inductive research approach” would be helpful in gathering quality results related to the research study (Gioia et al. 2013).

Disadvantages

The major disadvantage of implementing the “Inductive research approach” is that the approach requires investing in a lot of time and effort in order to establish new concepts, theories and models related to the research topic (Gioia et al. 2013). On the other hand, the implementation of the “deductive research approach” would be hampering with the collection of quality data related to the research topic (Ormston et al. 2013). The postivtism philosophy relies on the objective inferences as long as the observer is disregarded from emotions (Hartas 2015). There does not exist any guarantee that the observed behavior of humans is not influenced by the emotions all the time during the research.

Methodologies to be used for the research

As the research topic is related to management in business organizations, the deductive approach would be suitable for the conduction the research study. There are various theories and models related to management in the business organizations that have been illustrated by various researchers. This, “deductive approach” would be the most suitable for conducting the research as it would be helping in collecting useful and relevant information related to the research topic. Besides, the implementation of the deductive approach would be enabling in saving a lot of time dealing as the approach does not require the individuals to develop new theories and models related to the research topic. Besides, the implementation of the primary data collection technique would also be helping in collecting useful and quality data related to the research topic. This implementation of the research strategy related to the research study would be a feasible option for conducting the research in n appropriate way.

References

Bhaskar, R., 1998. The Possibility of Naturalism: A Philosophical Critique of the Contemporary Human Sciences (Critical Realism--Interventions).

Hartas, D. ed., 2015. Educational research and inquiry: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Gioia, D.A., Corley, K.G. and Hamilton, A.L., 2013. Seeking qualitative rigor in inductive research notes on the Gioia methodology. Organizational Research Methods, 16(1), pp.15-31.

Ormston, R., Spencer, L., Barnard, M. and Snape, D., 2013. The foundations of qualitative research. Qualitative research practice: A guide for social science students and researchers, pp.2-26.

Saini, D.S. and Budhwar, P.S., 2008. Managing the human resource in Indian SMEs: The role of indigenous realities. Journal of World Business, 43(4), pp.417-434.

??endo??du, A.A., Kocabacak, A. and G?ven, ??., 2013. The relationship between human resource management practices and organizational commitment: A field study. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 99, pp.818-827.

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