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Martin LutherMartin Luther (November 10, 1483 — February 18, 1546) had been a Christian theologian, Augustinian monk, professor, pastor, and church reformer whose teachings inspired the Lutheran Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines of Protestant as well as other Christian traditions. Luther began the Protestant Reformation with the book of their Ninety-Five Theses on October 31, 1517. Within publication, he attacked the Church's sale of indulgences. He advocated a theology that rested on Jesus's gracious activity in Jesus Christ, in place of in peoples works. Almost all Protestants trace their history back again to Luther in a single means or any other. Luther's relationship to philosophy is complex and really should not be judged just by his famous…show more content…

In Rome, cardinals saw Luther's theses as an attack on papal authority. In 1518, at a gathering for the Augustinian Order in Heidelberg, Luther put down his jobs with a lot more accuracy. In the Heidelberg Disputation, we come across signs and symptoms of a maturing in Luther's idea and brand new clarity surrounding his theological perspective—the Theology of this Cross.After the Heidelberg meeting in October 1518, Luther was told to recant their positions by the Papal Legate, Thomas Cardinal Cajetan. Luther claimed which he cannot recant. Unless his errors were stated to him by attracts «scripture and right reason», however perhaps not, in reality, he couldn't recant. Luther's refusal to recant set in place his ultimate excommunication.Throughout 1519, Luther continued to lecture and compose in Wittenberg, as well as in June and July of the year, he took part in another debate on Indulgences and papacy in Leipzig. Finally, in 1520, the pope had sufficient, and as a result, on June 15th the pope issued a bull (Exsurge Domini—Arise O'Lord) threatening Luther with excommunication. Luther received the bull on October tenth and proceeded to publicly burn it on December 10th.In January 1521, the pope excommunicated Luther. In March, he was summoned by Emperor Charles V to Worms to defend himself. Throughout the Diet of Worms, Luther refused to recant

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