Discussion on Management Accounting Skills
Skills in Management Accountant
In what stages are these skills learned or developed
Management accountant requires numerous skills for managing the designation and serve any particular organization. Key responsibilities of management accountant include:
Management Accountant prepares reports, commentaries, budgets as well as financial statement
Management Accountant requires undertaking financial administration as well as internal audits
Management Accountant should maintain cordial relationship with staff members as well as other colleagues working in an organization
Management Accountant should develop as well as manage with the financial systems and policies
Management Accountant should negotiate as well as obtain finance for most of the projects
Management Accountant should control over the income as well as expenditure for the same
Management should be responsible for creation of business strategies and generation of future shareholder value
Managerial accounting skills development in the workplace
Key Skills for Management accountants requires:
Proper oral as well as written communication skills
Management Accountant should be capable of working in team
Excellent numerical as well as analytical abilities
Excellent maths as well as computer skills
Dynamic business environment requires managerial accountants for keeping skills updated for meeting the business needs of the companies
The above statement implies that business environment requires efficient managerial accountants for updating the financial statements of particular business organization. Management Accountant mainly handles the finances of business enterprise (Atkinson, 2012). They believe in improving in the level of profitability as well as growth in the near future.
Discussion on Job Costing Versus Process Costing
Production Process at Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola Company deals its business activities in manufacturing of non-alcoholic beverages. On market analysis, 11000 soft are consumed every second of daily activities.
First stage of production includes mixing of direct materials that includes:
Secret Ingredients for making liquid for beverages
Second stage includes filling of cleaned as well as sanitized bottles. It places cap on each bottle.
Third stage includes filled bottles inspection as well as packaging for the same
Work in progress generally starts from first stage of production that includes mixing as well as blending for the same (Bhattacharyya, 2011). It continues in the next stage like bottling and ends in the third stage. This includes inspection, labelling as well as packaging for the same.
Comparison and contrasts between job costing system and process costing system
Product costs includes direct materials, labour as well as manufacturing overhead
It is assigned with departments as well as processes
It is related with assignment of jobs
Unit Cost Information
Unit cost information requires management for proper decision-making purposes
It comes especially from departmental production report cost
It comes from job cost sheet
Inventory accounts mainly includes inventory, raw materials as well as finished goods inventory
Different WIP inventory accounts specifies for each department as well as processes
One WIP Inventory accounts
Includes job cost sheets track cost for job assignment
Justification for selection of best costing method
Job costing is far better in comparison with process costing method. Job Costing provides detailed accumulation of production cost with specified units in an overall manner.
Discussion on Activity-Based Costing
Activity-based costing helps in determining true costs. This method is adopted by most of the companies in recent scenario. It relates with innovation in cost accounting criteria. It mainly ensures activities for consumption of companies for resources and driving related costs (Burritt, 2011). Most of the companies adopt activity-based costing for production of goods as well as services. Company needs little overhead costs and manufactures for identical products. It requires special attention for each product. This method helps in assigning costs of products as well as services based on resources.
In the recent scenario, companies are reducing in their dependency for traditional accounting system for development of activity-based cost management systems. Manufacturer believes in ABC system for rapid growth in some of the markets (Eldenburg, 2011). It helps in increased indirect costs for usage of automated system for accurate cost information for the same. It helps in managing with the business as well as gain in the competitive advantage. This method helps in building relationship between costs and driving activities.
Discussion on Contribution Margin Income Statements
Contribution Margin Income Statement is more helpful in comparison with functional statement to managers. This reveals contribution margin includes variable expenses and deduction from the contribution for arriving at profit and loss statement. Fixed production costs are shown especially in the income statement in accordance with the contribution margin in an overall manner. Variable selling as well as administrative expenses includes relates variable production costs in accordance with the contribution margin for the same. Gross Margin Replacement includes in the final contribution margin part pertaining to business activities (Epstein & Lee, 2011). Therefore, income statement preparation helps in determining in the expenses for true cost revenues in an overall manner. Business organization uses contribution margin in way of gross margin for large proportion on matters relating to fixed production costs for the same.
Discussion on Balanced Scorecard
Nordstrom Inc is one of the fashion retailers offering clothing, accessories as well shoes to its customer base (Lee, 2014). Balanced Scorecard helps in identifying four major perspectives and importance in the current market scenario.
Figure: Balanced Scorecard of Nordstrom
(Source: Fields, 2011)
From the above balanced scorecard, it is easy to understand four perspectives relating:
Nordstrom needs to conduct financial analysis and generate revenue in the near future. It is recommended for reduced expenses and increased revenues for the same.
Nordstrom believes in rendering quality services for the potential customers at affordable prices (Horngren, 2011). It targets the female younger population because they show more interest in recent brands. Customer preferences changes from time to time.
Internal Business Processes
Nordstrom deals in the fashion sector and innovation plays an important role for sustaining in the competing global market.
Nordstrom believes in maintaining cordial relationship with customers as well as employees. Training provided to the staff members in understanding roles as well as responsibilities in an overall manner.
Reference ListAtkinson, A. (2012). Management accounting. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Bhattacharyya, D. (2011). Management accounting. Noida, India: Pearson.
Eldenburg, L. (2011). Management accounting. Milton, Qld.: John Wiley & Sons.
Epstein, M., & Lee, J. (2011). Advances in management accounting. Bingley, UK: Emerald.
Fields, E. (2011). The essentials of Finance And Accounting For Nonfinancial Managers. New York: American Management Association.
Horngren, C. (2011). Introduction to management accounting. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Lee, J. (2014). Engineering asset management 2011. London: Springer.