Literature Review: Children Behavior Essay

Question:

How can you use a story (use one story as example) to ensure the following types of development:

i. Language development

ii. Intellectual development

iii. Personality development

iv. Social and moral development

v. Aesthetic and creative development

Answer:

Introduction:

Human learning and behavioral development can occur in various ways. As for example, a child may learn various qualities of behavior from a story told to him by his parents. Among the different types of behavioral development, storytelling can take a very significant part to inculcate good behavior in a child and to develop good habits. A story with a good subject matter and moral has the ingredients to shape behavioral development among the children. It has to be conveyed in such a manner that the child understands the main objective of the story and he consumes the entire subject matter and forms his value system based on the learning. Such a story can develop his basic language, personal, social and moral skills and make him a better person as he grows up. Stories like those of Cinderella, Aesop’s Fables and others have rich content that may help a child grow up with a good value system and character.

Personality Development in the Children:

Personality development in the children means the method in which the personality of the children is developed and improved. The development in the personality of the children is to fetch some encouraging and constructive changes in the children. This will make the children a better human being and will give a better personality to the children (Wolff, S. 2009).

Importance of the Personality Development in the Children:

Developing a better personality in the children is one of the important factors. It will help the children to get the positive characteristics of the children and the children may have a good and a positive behavior. That is why all the parents of the children try to groom the personality of their children to get a better personality in their children’s life. Personality development can help the children to interact better with their friends. If the children have a good personality in them then the children can face any type of situation and can solve any type of problem solved by the children. The children can hold the stress if they have good personality. Good personality will help the children to come up to the positive side of the character. Good personalities in children always give an extra confidence to the children. It will also help the children to communicate in a better way with the others. A better personality will always improve the language development (Whitehead, M. 2009).

Taking an example of a story known as “CINDERELLA”, it shows that the story telling to the children is the best way to teach children. If the parents of the children tell the story of “CINDERELLA” to their kids it will bring out some positive sides of the children. Like in CINDERELLA, the story is about a beautiful woman who stays with her stepmother and two stepsisters. No one in the house liked her. She has only two friends, two mice and a bird. The stepmother and the two stepsisters of Cinderella always shows rude attitude but Cinderella always listen to them and do not make bad faces to them. One day one old man came to Cinderella to invite her to go for a ball dance with the son of the king. But her step mother and her step sisters do not allow her to go. But one fairy lady came to her and takes her to the ball dance room and gave her a beautiful dress to wear the dress. When Cinderella went into the room the prince liked her and told her to marry Cinderella (Sameroff, A. 2009).

This story will help the children to know the importance of friendship, that how two mouse and the bird helped Cinderella to make her work complete. The parents will teach the children not to fight with the other people because Cinderella never fought with her stepmother and with her stepsisters. As she have never fought with other people that’s why she got such a beautiful husband and a dress. So, the moral of the story can teach the children that if the children behave well then the children will get better friends in life and every people in the world will love the children (Reed, M. 2009).

Language development in the Children:

Development of language between the children is incredible. All the parents of the children want to come across the frontward to develop their children’s language. The clandestine to make their children learn the language quickly and to develop the language in them. To develop the language between the children, the parents should follow certain rules. The first year of the children is very important for each and every parent to develop the language among their children. Proper learning goes to the children when the child is in the first year of the child’s birth year. Though the learning and development of language is a very long process for each and every child (Piedmont, R. and Village, A. 2009).

In the first year of the children birth, the children’s develop the base and the groundwork of language speaking. In the first thirty six months, children have a basic knowledge about the language and they can understand the language but some of the children cannot speak in proper terms of the language in the first thirty six months of the children’s birth.

How to encourage the language development of the children:

The finest way to give confidence on the children’s speech and the development of language is to talk with the children very often (Payne, M. 2010).

Talking with the children:

All the parents should give a major priority to talking with their child. This is because this process is very helpful for all the children to learn the language very quickly and to develop the language among the children. Always treat the children as a talker. After talking to the children, the parents should give a chance to the children to reply their answer. This will help the parents to know that how much the baby can answer to their question. This process will make the baby to babble back to the parents and will make some sounds which will prove that the children is in learning process and the language is developing in the children (Nucci, L. 2009).

Responding to the children:

The parents of all the children should respond to their questions. This will also led the children to know the proper gesture and words to reply the question. If the children shows a toys that the children wants to play, the parents should always respond to the children as if the child is asking for the toy (Morrow, L. 2010).

Everyday talking:

Everyday talking to the children by their parents teaches them a lot to develop the language. Every time talking is very necessary for the children. The parents of the children should tell them about the surroundings, should introduce a new word to the children which will help the children to learn new words and will develop the language among the children. The children will learn a lot of new words if the parents of the children can introduce a new word every day to their children (Maholmes, V. 2010).

Reading books with the children:

Reading books with the children is one of the major processes for the children to learn the language and to develop the language among the children. Each and every parents of the children should read books with their children and share books with their children to learn the language properly and to develop the language among the children. This is because the books contain of motivating and attractive pictures will force the children to focus on the books (Keenan, T. and Evans, S. 2009).

How to share the books with the children:

The parents of the children should share the books every day while going to the bed. The parents of the children should talk about the stories from the books which will help to grow interest in the children to read books and to learn the language and to develop the language. The parents of the children should read the poems in front of the children as if the parents are singing a song. This will help the children to grow more interest to read the poems, from which they will learn the language quite nicely. The parents of the children should allow the children to tell the story after reading the book. This will help the children to invent new words and will help the children to learn many new words (Harris, J. 2010).

For example: Telling the story of “Cinderella” to the children by their parents will help the children to learn the proper language from the story. The children will learn new words from the story. The children will also know the moral of the story. Every story has a moral behind it. This moral of the story will also help the children to know the language very well.

Social and moral development of children:

For every child social and moral improvement is mandatory, as they are one of the most important parts of the society, not only that they are the future of the society and the nation as well. From the very beginning children are to be guided by their respective parents in relation to develop the sociological and moral values of the child (Beinart, H., Kennedy, P. and Llewelyn, S. 2009). Children are not bound to learn anything as they are the most innocent creature of the nature, for that reason the way of learning for the children have to be very simple and interesting for them. Anything which is interesting and new in nature attracts the minds of the children. So the parents or the guardians of every child have to adapt some easy ways to make their children learn about the society. Children are very much enthusiastic in relation to stories; in this regard they used to learn a lot of primary things from the stories. For instance the story of Cinderella is quite interesting for children as they find it very attractive. Every child has a lot of curiosity regarding every unknown thing and the parents should use this sense of curiosity of children in terms of teaching them in their preferable manner (Brock, D. 2009).

In the story of Cinderella, where a poor girl suffers from the cruelty inflicted by her step mother and did not have anything for her own and in respect of her basic needs. From this point of story a child who is hearing this story can understand the moral value of Cinderella and the child also knows about the negative facts and circumstances of the society. A child know the mother as the most favorite companion as the child from the time of birth sees mother but by way of this story the child would be able to understand the difference among the love of the mother and the torture of the step mother, which is a very significant reality of the society. Afterwards in the story the girl suffers from a lot of difficulties, it makes the moral values of the child quite stronger as the child knows about the social difficulties which may arise in the life span of a human being and the manner by which these difficulties affects the life of a human being (Browne Miller, A. 2009).

Later on in the story the poor girl Cinderella finds her prince but here also her step mother and sisters put hurdles on her way, by virtue of that the child knows about the fact that there is always a hope in life. Nothing is eternal and after a lot of difficulties one day the situation is going to come under control. It makes the ethical value of the child more positive and it also promotes the moral and psychological stability of the child. It imposes upon the mind of the child that there is always a hope and it never gets over (Gerken, L. 2008).

Cinderella was blessed that she will become a princes till the midnight and thereafter she will become again in her actual posture that is the character of a maid. This kind fictitious thing makes the story interesting and also attracts the attention of the child. By virtue of this part of the story the mind of the child gets a boost and the child also enables to know the facts relating to the positive attributes among all the negativity of a particular situation.

At the end of the story in spite of putting on a lot hurdles in the path of Cinderella, finally she got her prince charming as the prince recognized her by her sandal and the prince took Cinderella with him and they started to live happily ever after. This is the most important part of the story in relation to its impact upon the moral values of the child. It signifies upon the mind of the child that difficulties are just for the time being and they are not for a permanent tenure, finally all the difficulties goes out but there must be full effort from the part of the person suffering from such difficulties. This makes the mind of the child much more positive in nature and also comes to the knowledge of the child about the social factors are so much relevant in our life. At the end the story, it makes a positive impact upon the mind of the child as to moral and social values and it also make the child aware of the negative facts (Frisiras, C. 2009).

Conclusion:

It is seen that a good story with substance helps to shape the belief and value system of a child. But a lot depends on how the message in the story is conveyed to the child and whether the child understands it. A good story like Cinderella can help to develop a child’s aesthetic sense. Such a story also develops his sense of language and grammar. The child tries to emulate the good characters of the story in his real life. This helps him to become one of the better persons who loves and cares for the people around him

References:

Beinart, H., Kennedy, P. and Llewelyn, S. (2009). Clinical psychology in practice. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Blakemore, J., Berenbaum, S. and Liben, L. (2009). Gender development. New York: Psychology Press.

Brock, D. (2009). Making work, making trouble. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Browne Miller, A. (2009). Raising thinking children and teens. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Praeger/ABC-CLIO.

Click, P. and Parker, J. (2009). Caring for school-age children. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar Cengage Learning.

Frisiras, C. (2009). Rural education in the 21st century. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Gerken, L. (2008). Language development. San Diego: Plural Pub.

Harris, J. (n.d.). The nurture assumption.

Keenan, T. and Evans, S. (2009). An introduction to child development. Los Angeles: SAGE.

Maholmes, V. (2011.). Fostering resilience and well-being in children and families in poverty.

Morrow, L. (2011.). Literacy development in the early years.

Nucci, L. (2009). Nice is not enough. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Merrill/Prentice Hall.

Payne, M. (2010.). Modern social work theory.

Piedmont, R. and Village, A. (2009). Research in the social scientific study of religion. Leiden, NL: Brill.

Reed, M. (2009). Children and language. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Sameroff, A. (2009). The transactional model of development. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Whitehead, M. (2009). Supporting language and literacy development in the early years. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Wolff, S. (2009). Children under stress. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

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