Legend of the dying wanton Essay

The Woman Who Had Two Novels is a tropical gothic historical book published by Nick Joaquin on 1961. The book was first at the Harry Stonehill award as a very good Philippine literature. We focus on the second chapter at The Legend of the Dying Wanton which was published earlier back in 1952 as a story about a treacherous Spanish colonizer Currito Lopez who is also somehow religious even though he shows a bright side, there are lots of people shunned him as a leper because of his bad deeds and reputation. The story was inspired by the author from a true story in 1621 about the real Don Francisco Lopez who also died in the coast of Mindoro and also seek the miracle of the Lady of the Rosary. Though people know his personality, they still pity him and pray for his survival. As critics, we like to state which is based on our observation that Men will be forgiven by many if he confess as he was then hated and now loved. Our methods of gathering data and writing this paper is by searching for answers from articles and forums on the internet. Our scope is to focus on the chapter’s formalist theory and new historicism theory. By using the formalist theory ",we are to determine the chapter’s symbolisms, plot, characters, setting, themes and our point of opinion. Set on 1613 during the Spanish colonization in the Philippines, a treacherous and an infamous soldier Currito Lopez who showed no mercy to the Natives is hated by many and people isolate from him because of his bad actions to the people, even his own people are scared of him. He was depressed and always drunk when he is on his pass time, he eventually got a bit sick and don’t eat anymore. This is the reason why people call him a dying wanton, since he is always drunk and sick regretting his actions. Currito Lopez is a religious man, that on his bright side. He always go to church to pray for guidance. His presence in the church has noticed by a religious rich Spanish named Dona Ana who spotted him in the church praying kneeling with his rosary. Dona Ana know everything about him, his past actions and bad deeds, that is why it caught her attention and approached to Currito. Currito told Dona Ana that the Virgin Mary is his patron saint and Currito asked Dona Ana to bless him as he is about to go to war, Dona Ana accepts and even promised to pray for him while he’s away. As Currito board the ship and prepare for war, a strong hurricane destroyed his fleet and got shipwrecked, he was casted away to a coast somewhere in Mindoro. His soldiers and fellow platoons were injured and cannot fight, the Natives got their advantage and stoned the soldiers to death. Currito luckily was not one of the soldiers that were slaughtered. His body was crushed and all of his bones are broken, he cannot move nor stand. While he was in that state, he cried and wished that he should have died already, he cried to Mother Mary that he didn’t deserve to live and he should be in hell for his action and accepts his consequences. He suddenly saw Mother Mary with an angry face gazed to him as Currito then confessed himself to Her and cried for forgiveness. After he confessed he heard the voices of Dona Ana and other people praying for him and wishing his safe return, he was happy and smiled with a contented expression that even he is bad and wicked, people still pray for him and somehow cared for him too because of Dona Ana telling to the people about Currito’s brighter side. After the voices have stopped, he saw two Natives, a woman and a child with lovely faces yet covered with mud and injuries, he was guilty that they are in that state because of him. Currito then changed his perspective and treat things better. As rains stop and muds became sand again, he woke up and saw another soldier who was Gonzalo, he yelled and called for his help. Gonzalo was shocked that he survived his critical wounds and without eating or drinking anything for 13 days. Currito knows that he lived long enough only to confess to his people personally and it is a miracle by the saint. Currito confessed to his people and fellow soldiers that he was sorry for everything he did in front of them, his treachery and wickedness, he gave him a lesson that this is the life of a an evil person and how he dies, slowly and painfully then he passed away. Dona Ana saw that in her dream and waking up seeing the robes of Mother Mary figure covered with mud. The story’s theme is that the forgiveness of sin is the most powerful thing to destroy hate and anger spiritually and physically. No matter how bad or evil a person is, if he confess from his heart, he is forgiven and will change him into a better person. The person will reflect on his actions and will change completely, the other people will then appreciate his confession and will lose their hate towards him. There are only two main characters mentioned on the story, besides Gonzalo, the main characters are Currito Lopez, a Spanish evil colonizer regretting his past, and Dona Ana as a rich Madonna and a devotee to the Virgin Mary. Unto the symbolisms, the first we can see is the saint Herself, the Virgin Mary is the symbol of hope. For a person, the saint is the savior for himself, he can be saved and can repent for what he has done and reflect, thus by changing his character completely and turn into a whole new person. Second we see is the woman and the child seen by Currito while he was washed ashore from the quote of a summary: “Suddenly, the voices vanished and he saw coming towards him a woman and a child, her robes trailing in the mud. He perfectly knew who they were for he often sought solace at her shrine in Manila. The two holy, lovely faces were bending over him, warm and fragrant and luminous, but filled with poignant sorrow.”(Cui, 2015), this means that it is the perspective that changed his personality. If a man is wicked, all he see around him is people hating him, cursing him, or trying to kill him, but here Currito saw the thing that made his guilt. For some people who regret doing bad things, they see the things that are affected that’s somehow parallel to his own state, for people who like to change, he’s going to see the things he did in the past in a negative way, thus making him reflect on his own actions and changing his own character. On the last observable symbolism, we can see that the robes of the Madonna is covered in mud, even though it’s been played by children, it symbolizes for Dona Ana that those are the woman and child’s dirty clothes running from the mud, Dona Ana has seen the change of Currito Lopez and she knows that Mother Mart has already forgiven Currito. On our point of view, the story is about the forgiveness of sins as stated from an excerpt: “Finally confessing himself as evil and knowing he deserved hell, he wanted nothing more but to die. He couldn’t, however, and started hearing voices, including that of his mother’s and Doña Ana’s, praying for him and all the sinners in the world. He marveled at how others would still care to save him and prayed to God to have mercy on him and to forgive him his sins.” (Cui, 2015), where people can be forgiven no matter the cost he did on his life. We believe that having heart on the Lord, our sins will be forgiven and we can humbly repent and reflect in order for us to be a better person. Not having faith means that you don’t believe in the miracles brought to you, so it is also impossible for our sins to be forgiven without true faith in our hearts. On our historicism theory, the work’s behavioral model is about reflection of one’s character. More on repenting from the bad things a man has done, the man regrets doing his wicked deeds and wishes to change through confession. The work wants us to know that confession is key of changing yourself and moving on from your past and hope for the better one. It also tells us that through confession, it contents our heart and feel more ease that you’re already forgiven, it makes us want to see the new perspective in life and most likely to make us change the way we see and treat things. The readers might find interest on this work since it is really about the mindset of human nature and making us a better person. The psychological connection between the readers and the fictional characters do have a great connection in real life. The lesson it teaches is what the readers be compelling for them. The work influences us the readers to be more kind and less wicked to our neighboring people, and be intimidated by its consequences on what our action might bring. Us the critics also have our own values from the values of the text, we are often still immature on the reality of the world and the work wants us to accept the nature of reality rather than believing our own imagination. The work also impact us the lesson of the life on a bad person, we tend to reflect on ourselves and our journey of growing up. We base our lessons from a fictional story of an adult character, and this is what makes us inspire on the things the work has to offer. In conclusion, the work of the chapter is amazing and it is really inspiring that one person good or bad, will be forgiven for his actions and having the chance of changing himself into a new character before it’s too late. Just like what happened to Currito where he regretted his past action before he died. We don’t want that to happen to us so we must always have faith in our hearts and confess whenever we need to, as we are promised that we are to be forgiven. This is what the author wants us the readers to learn, to change what’s bad into something great, the lesson here is we don’t want to suffer, there is karma on every act we did and confession is key to save us from suffer and regret so we can be happy once again.

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